“Abey kaale”: It’s not only Sarfraz Ahmed

Published: January 24, 2019
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Andile Phehlukwayo played a crucial hand with the bat, South Africa v Pakistan, 2nd ODI, Durban, January 22, 2019. PHOTO: AFP

I grew up in a neighbourhood near Civil Hospital. Being a government hospital, it was always thronged with people – most of them belonging to the poorest segment of the society – who come in bereft of hope to get their loved ones treated for free. Civil Hospital was more frequently visited by residents of Lyari, a squalid area that is home mostly to the middle, lower-middle and poor segments of our society.

Now, if anyone has seen the denizens of Lyari, they know that most of them differ from others in their looks in certain ways. Their complexion is dark and their hair is curly. (Yes, I know how it sounds, but don’t be so quick to judge; read on first, then judge) In local vernacular, they are referred to as ‘Makrani’, those from Makran in Balochistan. There is nothing wrong with the term per se, but locals use it as a derogatory term to mock them for looking different. I grew up watching people in my surrounding mock them, though not on their faces. This term was soon associated to them.

As a child, I saw that it amused me too because apparently, it was fun for everyone else. So, I found it funny as well and picked up on it. It permanently changed my perception about them and eventually whenever I saw someone from Lyari with those features, my mind instantly recalled the term ‘Makrani’. Though I never said anything racist to their faces, what I learned in my childhood forever changed my outlook towards people just because they looked mildly different than me.

This doesn’t make me or those who I learned it from racists, but is part of a deeper, more pervasive problem that is ingrained in our minds. A problem that is invisible – or glaringly visible at times – so much so that we don’t even realise that there is a problem.

No, I’m not trying to justify racism under the garb of societal influence. What I’m trying to do is to make everyone understand that it is something deeply ingrained in us from a very young age but that does not make it okay. Once we can realise how wrong it is, change should follow.  I realised, and now I understand. So should the following guy.

Pakistan captain Sarfraz Ahmed, during Pakistan’s second ODI match against South Africa, passed a distasteful and derogatory comment aimed at Andile Phehlukwayo. He said:

Abey kaale, teri ammi aaj kahaan baitheen hain? Kya parhwa ke aaya hai aaj?

(Hey black guy, where’s your mother sitting today? What have you asked her to pray for you?)

He not only mocked him for his colour but also referred to his mother. Though he didn’t abuse her, in our culture dragging mothers and sisters in our jibes is intolerable and the fact that Sarfraz did that was reprehensible and all the flak he is getting is justified. Racism is a serious problem and all the other sports bodies around the world are very conscious about keeping this bad practice out of the game. Thus, Sarfraz’s action should not go without consequences. He should face whatever punishment the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) or International Cricket Council (ICC) deem fit. PCB has released a statement denouncing the incident, but hasn’t stated any repercussions Sarfraz would face.

Sarfraz’s words were problematic and why many of us see no problem in them is because of a deeper issue: our insouciance towards our racist attitudes. There is a besotted sense of revulsion in how we look at people who appear different from us. This comes from being in a culture where terms like maila, kala, chamaar, and various assorted terms are rife and common on a daily basis. People unconsciously utter these words and while they are belittling and condescending, they are considered ‘jokes’.

While racism is being addressed as a serious problem in the world, our society is not willing to accept that we have this problem too. We shrug our shoulders by labelling our racist attitudes as mere jokes or sarcasm and consider them harmless. Calling out people who don’t have a fair complexion, taking barbs at our friends who are slightly darker in colour while appearing trifle and funny, have great repercussions.

When our society keenly indulges in such acts, our kids adapt this behaviour and become incapable of respecting people who are different from them. Because of their vacillation, they imitate what they see. This ingrained revulsion while making them prejudiced also gives them this mild idea of being superior. Thus, this racist attitude becomes a part of them without them being conscious about it.

This attitude stems from our fetish-isation of white colour and fair complexion. Beauty creams are thriving, and cosmetic business is burgeoning just because we as a nation have an inane desire of being gora (white). This contempt for dark complexion is why we are bridled with this derision and we very well know it, though are in denial. Matrimonial ads start with demands of fair complexion, rishta talks – even in the educated, affluent class – end with the demand of fair complexion. All because for us, white is normal and anything else is unacceptable.

I am a student at the University of Karachi. It is one of the few universities in our country where international students still choose to study and most of them are from Africa. I know very well that many local students have a racial bias towards these students and use racist terms like ‘kaala’ and ‘habshi’, and African students will testify to this. Whenever they are seen on roads, people start whispering and snickering behind their backs. Our attitude immediately changes towards them.

So, are we still not going to recognise racism as our collective problem?

Being the captain of the Pakistan team and representing us internationally, Sarfraz should have represented himself and his country better. His comments while embarrassing also point towards our racist tendencies. Since the news came out, he has apologised for his comments; however, his apology is meek. It seems that he is more sorry for being caught passing racist slurs than actually feeling remorse for saying them.

We deny being racist because like many of our other problems, it’s something we don’t want to acknowledge and that saves us from the onerous task of addressing it. But things need to change. Saying that we are not racist, while time and again proving the contrary, is not going to solve the problem at hand. We should start at home. All the condescending terms should be eschewed. People shouldn’t be called by any names other than their real names or ones they identify themselves as. No distinct feature should be a reason for mocking anyone.

Parents should teach their children to embrace the differences in a respected manner. They should be taught that there are people who might look a bit different than them but that shouldn’t be a reason to be disrespectful towards them. We must stop considering these snide terms as harmless because they are not.

Abdul Moiz Malik

Abdul Moiz Malik

The author is a student and a sports loving geek. For him, cricket is life, followed by football. He tweets @yosoymoiz (twitter.com/yosoymoiz)

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • RAO SOHAIL AHMED

    Well Mr. Sarfraz, when we are ambassador and representing a nation then we should be conscious in our communication whether verbal or by actions. It’s a responsibility which one should feel. You might not mean it but be sensible that how a person perceive it. Better to take care in future.Recommend

  • Yousaf Haque

    @Mr.Mohsin,this so called ‘Love’ as you call it has already cost us half the country.I shall not elaborate my words because we are such a stubborn people that listening to or understanding reason is not,unfortunately,in our bloodRecommend

  • AJ

    I am sure most people in the subcontinent will find nothing wrong with Sarfraz’s comments. Racism runs deep in our veins. No wonder the caste system is prevalent throughout Hindustan and in Pakistan’s PunjabRecommend

  • Faisal

    Jugat baazi culture needs to come to an end. Motu, kaale, ganje are taunts we say so casually but this doesn’t fly internationally.Recommend

  • User123

    There is truth in every word of this article. I agree with the author that we as a society are oblivious to our racism. Sarfaraz said what naturally came to him, we need to teach our childrens how everyone is the same and should be respected regardless of skin color.Recommend

  • User123

    We used to address Bangladeshis in the same manner, even now “Bengali’ is a derogatory term in Pakistan.Recommend

  • User123

    I don’t think Sarfaraz before that day even realized that there was something wrong with calling anyone “Kaala”.Recommend

  • Stupid Intelligent

    Pakistanis are racists. Look at how they look at the Hindu religion and the Indians.Recommend

  • Patwari

    This blog is nothing but Bullpucky. Disguised, wrapped under 50 million
    Excuses.
    What Safran did was racism wrapped in bigotry. No need for long winded
    Words,with deep fancy meaning to explain and excuse bigotry.
    Plain and simple.Recommend

  • Yousaf Haque

    @123,you are absolutely correct.Unfortunately there are very few people in ‘remaining Pakistan’ who agree or accept the blunder we committed by looking down-upon on our loyal and lovely friends of eastRecommend