World Teachers’ Day and Pakistan’s education crisis

Published: October 6, 2011

Teachers, the architects of the future, play a vital role in the social and economic development and progress of the country.

Teachers, the architects of the future, play a vital role in the social and economic development and progress of the country. A staggering 25 million out of Pakistan's 70 million 5-to-19-year-olds are not in school. PHOTO: REUTERS

Nations all over the world are celebrating  World’s Teachers’ Day. I too, took part in the celebrations, and sent wishes to some of my most inspiring teachers on this very special day. However, I began by first mailing a motivating token of appreciation to… myself.  

And why shouldn’t I?

I remember October 1 2003 vividly when a fresh, barely out-of-college young girl stood in a class of 40 ninth-graders. I was clueless, to put it mildly. I felt like Alice in Wonderland, prey to all sorts of student pranks and innocent to the naughtiness of children.

I discovered that I had to teach science to fourth graders too.

For the next week or so I found myself solving the mysterious case of missing erasers, sharpening colour pencils and helping the children learn the name of the planets. From joining them in marveling over the germinated shoots of a small cotton-embedded bean in a jam jar to actually learning to appreciate their heart-warming smiles and warm hugs, being a school teacher could never be better.

While the world celebrates teachers for providing quality education at all levels on October 5 every year and while we send out our greetings to our most beloved teachers, let us also not forget Pakistan’s 1.4 million teachers in the public and private education sector. These teachers constitute a formidable workforce of the country, and they, despite their meager resources continue to nurture and promote education in Pakistan.

Even though Pakistan is celebrating 2011 as the Year of Education, one cannot shy away from the most pressing long-term challenge in the country – the education crisis.

The 18th Amendment Act 2010 makes education a fundamental right for all Pakistani citizens, however, one in ten of the world’s out-of-school children is a Pakistani.  To put this in numbers, a staggering 25 million out of Pakistan’s 70 million 5-to-19-year-olds are not in school.

Considering that Pakistan’s population is profoundly youthful – with a median age of 21 –  one can very well interpret the impact when this bulk of largely uneducated youth, with limited skills, will enter the workforce in the next 10 years.  In the meantime, if the country’s population, estimated at about 175 million, continues to grow at the same rate, it will rise to 275 million by 2050.  Under such circumstances, the future of this add-on youth population is anybody’s guess.

It is high time that a country like Pakistan, that has seen multiple advancements, pays heed to the educational sector. Pakistan spends roughly $4.5 billion a year on its military and less than $400 million on education. Social sector services like education, health care, clean water, social protection, and police services seem to be the least of Pakistan’s priorities.

To overcome these challenges, analysts believe that Pakistan needs to revamp its educational system – a herculean task by all measures. Our elite will have to give up on their age-old belief that they can benefit from the sustained illiteracy of the Pakistani people.

On a non-governmental scale, lots of commendable work is being done to address the education issue in the country. Philanthropic organisations like The Citizens Foundation have been actively involved in providing quality education to the less-privileged children across the rural and urban slums of Pakistan.  With its 730 school units in 83 towns and cities, The Citizens Foundation teaches 102,000 students in the remotest parts of the country and has successfully built a model of imparting quality education at ‘Pay as you can afford’ structure. Equally commendable is its vast network of 5,400 all female teachers who travel long distances to far-flung areas; be it the rough terrains of Balochistan or the traditionally conservative Khyber Pakhtunkhwa communities. Encouraging female enrollment and striving to maintain a 50% female ratio in most of its campuses, TCF has to-date created 8,000 jobs in communities in which it operates, thereby fulfilling its vision of greater productivity on a national scale.

Similarly, UK-based Rural Education and Development Foundation (READ) runs over 330 schools with more than 70,000 children, 3,500 teachers and over 7,000 orphans. Operating in the rural areas of Pakistan and in Kashmir, READ foundation is making a significant contribution to help Pakistan fulfill the United Nations Millennium Development Goal to achieve universal primary education.

However, not all can be left to philanthropists. The crisis of the Pakistani educational sector cannot be stemmed by non-governmental organisations alone. This issue requires immediate government’s attention. Let’s not forget that nations that are worth speaking about today have been built by an educated work force and multiple generations of educated children.

I am grateful to all my teachers who enabled me to think, write, speak and make a living out of it; no words will ever match my gratitude for their efforts. It is now up to us to ensure that the small shoots from the cotton bean grow into strong trees.


Huma Iqbal

A blogger who writes on social development, socio-political and economic issues in the region.

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.


    When I entered University of Karachi as an Undergraduate student and came out after completing Masters……My teachers at MICROBIOLOGY department had already inculcated in me the love of studying, pondering,thinking, analysing and discussing an issue / problem with patience and most importantly making me a civilized human being.
    Allah bless my most wonderful teachers……………………
    Many thanks for the wonderful article………………Recommend

  • Rabia

    You must have got a relief of the soul while writing this piece :) and at the same time mixed concerns too that when we’ll be able to see the ‘Big’ change. But one thing for sure, after reading this and actually witnessing the immense philanthropic work being done in our surrounding, we are able to feel that the change process has started. The pressure group is emerging, the government has ignored, is ignoring, but cannot do that forever. After all, such hard work is waking up the conscience of people! Gone are the days of pseudo beliefs and blind following! By the way loved your end note of gratitude…that feeling always makes the heart heavy.Recommend

  • hu

    Good article except your numbers are old; latest estimates put Pakistan’s population close to 185 million growing at a rate of 1.6% annually. Recommend

  • Ali

    The 18th Ammendment was a load of rubbish.
    It makes empty promises, and at one point threatened to destroy higher education altogether.
    The higher education budget is audited, every iota of it can be traced to a scholarship, grant to a university and the budget is distributed to the most deserving educational departments across the country.
    What Rabbani sahib tried to do was to disband the higher education budget to the provinces.
    There the budget would have been plundered by the politicans and other crooks.
    The PPP Zardari fifedom of feudal crooks have been on record as saying that everybody should get their fair share of corruption.
    That’s all the 18 ammendment was, breaking down the budget and sending it to the rprovinces where it is harder to keep track of the money and where it is more easily plundered.Recommend

  • sAm

    me likes.. good :)Recommend

  • Acha bacha

    Pakistan’s education rate is really way behind the other developing country including our neighbor country India and our crippled right hand Bangladesh. I sometimes wonder Why is this so?, though Pakistan has got resources, talent and hardworking youth. But the matter of fact is, despite these things we ain’t developed yet.
    In my opinion this is the conspiracy of outer forces to drag Pakistan down by crippling its education and peace. Moreover, our dear government and policy makers since creation of Pakistan have never pondered over its educational reform. Had they took positive steps at that time, Pakistan would have atleast 90% literacy rate. But unfortunately, we have always focused on Military and Ammunitions rather than Books and Pen. I think we can conquer the world by spreading education, not the weapons and hatred.Recommend

  • Hooked on Phonics

    You have come up with a very good way to brief us with such a useful content.Recommend

  • rabbia Jameel

    This is no doubt a main dilemma towards which you have directed everybody’s attention. In this context I would like to add a new dimension which indicates the new educational fashions taking hold everywhere in the form of private and over commercialized institutes. A rat race is seen everywhere as the expensive schooling has become a status symbol. Please share your comments regarding this trend as I think this is a major issue. Lately I read a post that was about the education in Lahore at All the school names mentioned there except one or two were private schools and parents, including me have no way out but to avail these options as there are no good government or semi government schools. Unintentionally we are encouraging this trend as a result of which, the rat race is speeding up!! Recommend

  • Usman

    Year, well said i agree with the author…….Recommend

  • Pakistan News

    The above related topic is very nice. The role of teacher is very important in the success of students life. The teacher teaches them a great and useful knowledge. Recommend