We can go to the IMF for loans all we want – it still won’t fix the economic crisis

Published: October 12, 2018
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There was perpetual indecision over going to the IMF, only to finally come to the solution the entire nation knew from the beginning. PHOTO: TWITTER/ IMFNews

With the rupee falling against the US dollar, the stock exchange crashing, and foreign currency reserves hitting a new low, it is not out of place to suggest that Imran Khan’s government has been unable to hold a firm grip over the economic crisis. They may have deteriorated the situation further with the hike in electricity and gas tariffs, which has badly affected the middle and lower middle class as the prices of essential commodities is also on the rise.

Then, of course, there was the perpetual indecision over going to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), only to finally come to the solution the entire nation knew from the beginning. The fall of the rupee against the dollar is expected to continue, a necessary step when going to the IMF, which will ultimately further damage our economy. It seems we are now in a vicious circle of debt servicing, and the intemperate expenditure on defence which eats up a major chunk of our revenue will have to be reduced if the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) is serious about long-term reform for the economic crisis we are currently in.

The problem with the ‘begging bowl’ is that it is equivalent to dancing around the fire while actively trying not to put it out. All previous governments knocked at the door of the IMF for a bailout package, and now PTI is doing the same. This should have been done sooner, for there is nothing wrong in going to the IMF for help, as long as there is awareness that this can only ever be a short-term solution.

However, the long-term solution is not only about creating jobs in the IT industry or building five million houses and hiring labour and engineers for the time being. Instead of these gimmicks, the government needs to understand that as long as our literacy rate is as low as it is, we cannot depend only on certain sectors to revive the economy in the long run. The textile and agriculture sector will have to be revived, largely in order to empower the marginalised and offer an opportunity to increase our dwindling exports. Pakistan’s rapidly increasing youth is also an asset and should be provided with more opportunities, particular in the tech sector, to make Pakistan look like the face of a young nation. While young people leaving the country for work does increase our gross national product (GNP), we also need to do more for the youth who stay.

The other problem is the unequal distribution of wealth, which increased exponentially during Pervez Musharraf’s regime. In order to prolong his rule, not only did Musharraf introduce tax breaks for the rich, he also heavily depended on the banking and property sectors to bring an artificial boom in the economy. As a result, rich property tycoons, brokers and banking executives got richer, and it is obvious what happened to the poor majority. After Musharraf’s departure, it was the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) that came to power, and we all witnessed the crisis it left for the subsequent government in 2013.

When Nawaz Sharif took charge, attempts were made to work on the energy crisis that plagued the entire country. During his tenure, the rupee stood at 105 against the US dollar, the stock market reached a record high, while foreign exchange reserves were at an all-time high at $20 billion. However, with a focus on energy and bringing the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) to Pakistan, Nawaz missed the chance to address structural problems. Neither did he focus on our rising population issue, nor did he attempt to enfranchise the marginalised classes by focusing on small industries and businesses. Nonetheless, whenever an elected leader learns to manage the country, he or she is thrown out of power, and such instability can never lead to a way out of an economic crisis. As long as civilian governments are not given the opportunity to govern the country, we will only move in circles as we take loans to pay off old loans and remain in crushing debt, which is the brilliant economic plan our premier has come up with.

As the economy is under work, we need to simultaneously work on bringing our population under control. Perhaps we need to consider legislation similar to the one-child policy implemented in China to successfully curb population growth. A state with a rapidly growing population with few resources can never grow economically.

Property investment is also not the solution, as it blocks investment and does not offer a large number of jobs; it will only make the rich richer and will have a very little effect on the ‘have-nots’. Even during the looming currency crisis, we saw investors buy dollars long before it soared against the rupee, while stockbrokers sold their shares before the stock exchange crashed. The burden ultimately falls on the common people in the form of price hikes and the resulting inflation.

After coming into power, our prime minister stated he would fix the economy in 100 days. He has now updated the time frame to six months. The way things are going, it will probably extend to the entirety of his five-year tenure. Next thing we know, he’ll ask to be re-elected so he can fix the economy. But no one can magically fix the economy in the years to come, for this endeavour takes time and dedicated effort to prioritise and manage accordingly. The promise to fix this mess in six months is a blatant lie to the nation, as there is no way we can get out of the economic crisis on the basis of these loans alone. If that were the case, we wouldn’t have this current crisis to begin with, as previous governments have also been adept at taking loans.

It doesn’t look good for a new government when, after blaming its predecessors for going to the IMF and for taking loans, it ends up doing the same. Unlike the political stage, the platform of economics cannot be run merely on sloganeering or blaming political competitors. Workable solutions and timely decisions are the need of the hour, as John F Kennedy said,

“The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining.”

When the sun was shining for Imran, he failed to think up actual, concrete strategies to run the state. Now that it’s been raining for a while, he is trying to fix the roof. Hopefully, it won’t take much longer before Imran finally comes out of his opposition mindset and instead focuses on actual governance to solve the myriad problems that lie ahead.

Imad Zafar

Imad Zafar

The writer is a columnist and writes for various English and Urdu publications. He tweets at @rjimad (twitter.com/rjimad)

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • numbersnumbers

    The sad truth is that economically successful countries enjoy a tax-to-GDP ratio above 25, while in Pakistan the Tax-to-GDP ratio is barely half that!
    Until a government has the courage to actually bring those wealthly Pakistani Feudals and Elites into the Direct Tax Net, nothing will change for the better!
    As in now stands, Direct Taxes in Pakistan are reserved for the little people!Recommend

  • Asif

    Curbing the population is a good idea but I doubt that it would sit well with the fundamentalists who believe that more kids = more prosperity. Like seriously, I have 5 aunts and 6 uncles just from my Dad’s side! If not for the economy then let’s at least implement the one-child policy so that we can remember the names of our relatives during family gatherings and avoid awkward moments.Recommend

  • Parvez

    A little more balanced this time ….. you are slowly getting there.Recommend

  • candy

    Time to take a hard look at projects that just don’t make economic sense. Pakistani already has nice port with excess capacity .. spending money on Gwadar seems like something that can/should be deferred. Same goes for refineries, airports and associated things that don’t have immediate need.Recommend

  • numbersnumbers

    All recall that China had a ONE CHILD policy for decades to defuse the population bomb!Recommend

  • AJMER SINGH

    You made a good point.The fundamentalists of all religions like many children because families of many children struggle with their finances.and hence become poor.It is a well known saying that poor man has more god than a rich one.The poor keep the fundamentalists in the job.Recommend

  • vijay2day

    The Nawaz Sharif regime was not allowed to run properly by PTI Imran Khan because of his frequent ‘Road Jams’ for many days for some reason or the other and that is how the Pakistan suffered heavy economic losses and the country had to take more IMF loans. The country slipped into massive economic losses and now Imran is making noises and blaming the previous Govts for the mess in the country.Recommend

  • Shahid Mahmood

    why so negative , did not agree with pti and the road jams whilst they were in opposition because it was a loss to the country.other than that do not agree ,their promises and time scale are of real world.pti is not helping itself by these short term promises but this is the nature of pakistan politics(shahbaz sharif made a promise of fulfilling electric shortage within 30 days and didnt fulfil it in 5 year term).
    but a respectable/honourable person that that would not resort to begging for personnal gain but resorts to it for the betterment of his country and its people gains my respect.
    pti ik is on the surface of it working frantically to gain some momentum in the progress of the pakistan.i would love pakistans agricultural output to grow by 100 times in 6 months but you have to be realistic and acknowledge that output is only going to be in line resources and timescale.
    your article is nothing but negative highlighting previous government problems present govrnment hurdles and criticism without any viable solutions.
    for the love of pakistan lets leave these negatives behind and think positively and in 5 years time if we dont have any progress we will criticise pti thenRecommend