Can PTI’s mini-budget get the economy out of the ICU and into the ‘recovery room’?

Published: September 19, 2018
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After the unfortunate Atif Mian episode, this mini-budget is a breath of fresh air and a very good start for the present government.

Pakistanis love to bash politics and politicians whenever they face any problem. Slogan after slogan, martyrdom, militarism and affluent status quo is what three generations of Pakistanis have seen. So when Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) claimed to make policies focusing on “uplifting the lower middle class”, even the PTI voters were somewhat sceptical. Alas, critics can be shushed, the mini-budget is out and looks like PTI may have delivered what it promised.

Before the official mini-budget announcement, many people were criticising the government for its decision to raise gas prices and income taxes, however, they did not see a very positive economic twist coming their way. The decision to increase gas prices had minimum impact on the lower middle class as promised, and to everybody’s surprise, including the author’s, Asad Umar’s decision to not increase the income tax rate for people earning up to Rs200,000 a month shows that the party means business and has done its homework and deliberations. For 60% or say even 75% of the population, who are below the age of 30 and definitely earn less than Rs200,000, this is a good beginning.

Our economic situation started looking murkier and out-of-shape when the Panama scandal roped in the former Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML -N)’s leadership, after which the economy’s chauffeurs seemed distracted. Little did they know that they too, just like all of us, are dispensable. Perhaps it was actually too much to ask of the PML-N to sweep across the board of accountability and not just merely focus on re-election campaigns. Instead of focusing on short-term policies to strengthen their position for upcoming elections, they should have focused on long-term goals that would actually be beneficial for Pakistan’s economy.

Perhaps early harvest or rushed electricity/gas terms should have been analysed more by hiring a few business graduates who would calculate Net Present Values (NPV). Lack of serious policy-making and constantly calling for an International Monetary Fund (IMF) bail-out has been their course of action for more than a year, which has left the stock market, industrialists and economists puzzled over the belated policy action. Umar has definitely perfected his corporate-honed speeches to the board of directors and presented a mini-budget that will hopefully get the economy out of the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and into the ‘recovery room’.

The budget focused on a stop-gap arrangement until the ‘structural reforms’ are drawn, debated, enacted and eventually, fine-tuned. It is very apparent that Umar is keeping the vote bank strong, and why wouldn’t he? The country with the sixth largest population in the world, that prides itself of nuclear arsenal, that same country perhaps has the world’s lowest (by comparable standard) export to GDP ratio, ranking in Human Development Index (HDI) and GDP per capita, which is shameful to say the least. GDP per capita is the key focus of economic strength and it is clear where we lie. Policies needed to be designed to train and ‘monetise’ the untapped youth before the automation and robotics make them a perennial burden on ‘sehat cards’ introduced across other provinces.

But focusing on the recent mini-budget, let’s look at what the common man has to gain from this.

Firstly, people in Punjab are to receive universal health insurance worth Rs540,000 per annum. Many people who aren’t able to afford medical facilities at private hospitals sell their gold/farm produce and majority borrow loans. Hence, now people in Punjab will be able to get their treatment up to the stated amount on government’s expenses, which will take quite a load off them.

Secondly, 85% of pensioners are falling in the minimum pension’s category and according to the new policy in place, they would get another 10% bump. Frail and unemployed pensioners would definitely be happy to receive 10% more pension income to pay for their rent, food, medicines and basic necessities.

Thirdly, contrary to PML-N’s and critics’ hopes and expectations, the income tax rate for people earning upto Rs 200,000 per month has not been changed. So people earning less than this amount can find peace knowing that more money is going into their pockets this fiscal year.

Fourthly, value-adding imports (necessary sub-components/raw-materials) for export industries would see their import duties revised downwards with a Rs5 billion impact. To produce exportable goods, various items are imported. Reducing import duties on them decreases the cost of production and keeps the final product globally competitive.

How exactly will all of this be financed?

For starters, non-filers can now also buy properties and vehicles, albeit at higher taxes. Previously, the government passed laws that did not allow non-filers to purchase vehicles and properties worth Rs5 million or above. This has been reversed and is a much-needed relief for the property and auto industry. Non-filers still need to pay much higher taxes than the filers.

Secondly, federal excise duties on tobacco are to go up. The arguments of negative health impact of cigarettes are well-founded and justified. Society bears a huge cost due to cigarette-related diseases. Government’s move to increase taxes should hopefully reduce cigarette consumption and provide extra tax revenue.

Moreover, import duties to increase on luxury cars with an engine size of more than 1800cc. Luxury cars would now be subject to more duties to encourage people to file returns or otherwise pay higher taxes. Import duties on expensive mobile phones, cheese and so on, will also increase. Those of us who want to buy luxury phones and dairy products would now find them even more expensive. But of course this is good news for the lower/middle class since they probably don’t buy Iphones or Samsung Notes.

Lastly, banking transaction, other than cash withdrawal, would be charged 0.6% for non-filers. So if you are a non-filer doing a banking transaction, be prepared to handover 0.6% of the value to the government.

Look at it as Robin Hood, who took from the rich to give to the poor.

What sort of development measures would be prioritised?

1. Given the strategic partnership with China, China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) projects would not be affected.

2. Construction of Dams (Daimer-Bhasha and Mohmand) would continue. It is good that there was no mention of the Kalabagh Dam, otherwise the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) would have created a ruckus. PTI is probably playing it safe for now.

3. Total Public Sector Development Projects (PSDP) to increase 10% from last year’s allocation. However, the ‘financial engineering’ would imply that Rs50 billion allotted for Karachi and Rs100 billion for National Highway Projects would be ‘off-balance sheet’ items. For readers, it means that they will not be a part of the fiscal deficit and will perhaps fall in a public-private partnership model.

Before we hear more news on the entry of a third country in CPEC (as Imran jets to arguably the world’s most ambitious leader, KSA’s Muhammad bin Salman) and government further interacts with IMF authorities to prop-up our almost non-existent foreign currency reserves (adjusted for untouchable swaps), the stage is being set. While the car has not begun its journey of much-needed structural reforms to clamp down on corruption, tax evasion and bureaucratic improvement, the steering wheel is being tilted in the right direction. Two consecutive U-turns but the car is back in the same upward direction.

With the benefits being offered to exporters, it would be a shame if the industry is not able to go from contributing a 7% to the GDP to hopefully 10-12% by 2023. We hope that policy continuity would ensure long-term planning for growth generators. For masses, PTI’s policies are somewhat closer to the promises made by them, including increasing lifestyle of lower middle class, farmer-supportive policies and export-reviving measures.

Imran’s latest fund-raising for dams – which most definitely would be completed after his term expires – along with deliberations over awarding nationalities to disenfranchised Bengali and Afghani minorities might get him in the good books of voters. This may only be a single drop in the ocean of his dream of a Scandinavian-cum-Singaporean style of governance but it is a way forward. After the unfortunate Atif Mian episode, this mini-budget is a breath of fresh air and a very good start for the present government.

Arslaan Asif Soomro

Arslaan Asif Soomro

The author has a degree in Investment Management from Cass Business School, London and has also obtained CFA and FRM qualifications. He is currently working as a Senior Advisor to Swedish based Tundra Fonder AB.

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • lashkari

    What amount is the budget ?Recommend

  • Robin

    On Macro level, It is good effort and start however the most important issue is to integrate the economy, which can only be possible by Introducing the IT platform. Which would also deter corruption in the Government and Private sector. People believe the corruption is at only Government offices, which is not true.

    Important is Micro level, where data at the NADRA can be a start. The access to Government Services and other services can be used to track down the transactions, which would result; increase in Tax base.

    The cash transactions should be discouraged. Every time transaction at any EFPOS or electronic transfer create the data base for the forensicRecommend

  • Shakir Lakhani

    Ha ha ha! The writer apparently is a new convert to PTI. Increase of 143% in gas prices (which PTI strenuously opposed when in opposition) will raise prices by up to 20%. Bus fares will go up, the cost of edible items will increase, and the common man will find it almost impossible to survive. The only people who will applaud PTI for this budget are smugglers, stock exchange mafia, property sector crooks and the filthy rich of the country. They will go on ruining the country, ably supported by Imran Khan and his cronies!Recommend

  • Parvez

    Nicely exlained …… what needs to be spelt out is that Mr. Dar of the PML-N was the architect of the collapsed economy. His modus operandi was to borrow more than what we were in a position to repay and money borrowed flowed mostly into the pockets of a chosen few…..the Panama Paper Scandal was not without substance….. if he were clean he would not have run from the country.
    The PTI and Mr. Asad Umer have a difficult task to stabalize the economy and it will be painful for the people. It’s time for the PTI to show that they are willing to do the right thing as opposed to the popular thing……the country deserves at least that.Recommend

  • ark

    The crippled economy will never come out of the Intensive Care Unit. There might be chance to go in ventilator. Candidly speaking these policies never worked in economy to increase the prices of daily necessities for common people. If Government will increase the regulatory duty or add the regulatory duty in any essential commodities like food items naturally its prices will be increased manifold. There is heavy increase in medicines prices now since maximum raw materials for pharmaceutical industries being imported in Pakistan. There is some relief to the pharmaceutical companies on import duty to give some relief to the users but it is in vain due to weak Pakistan rupees. Since importers of raw materials for pharmaceutical companies are paying huge money in terms of the payment to the foreign principals/suppliers.

    The brand new PTI Government is totally failure to cope with the various plights of common people in Pakistan. Since mughal emperor Akbar was taken kingdom in teen age so he was helpless without advisors. The birbal was Image result for Akbar and birbal born Mahesh Das; 1528–1586 or Raja Birbal, was a Hindu advisor in the court of the Mughal emperor, Akbar. He is mostly known in the Indian subcontinent for the folk tales which focus on his wit. Birbal was appointed by Akbar as a poet and singer in around 1556–1562. Imran also needs to run whole affairs of his government after appointing advisors/personal assistants instead of appointment of ministers. Good going keep it upRecommend