Are internships a waste of time in Pakistan?

Published: July 12, 2018
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Employers today are not willing to invest into students – they do not want to play their role in the hope of improving the pool for the future. PHOTO: SHUTTERSTOCK

“Mind the gap.”

This is a warning familiar to anyone who has ever taken the tube in London. It refers to the gap that exists between the platform and the train itself. It is also a warning delivered to all of us at university before we step into “the real world” – the platform being college and the bullet train being the corporate sector.

What is this ‘real world’ we hear so much about? And why does every working professional refer to it as a world that every student is completely oblivious to and unprepared for? Did we not just spend four years preparing to step into this ‘real world’?

Although there are a few professions where students learn some key critical skills before entering the field, for the vast majority of the corporate sector, we have to learn skills on the go. The lack of instructions, mentorship and exposure provided to us makes us feel like we’ll have to take the wheel of a speeding car at Sharae Faisal, and all the while we can’t even tell the difference between the brake and the accelerator.

The extent of the gap

Faisal Bari, an economics professor at the Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), recently wrote an article on the education-employment mismatch. He cited an example of a job advertisement for an entry level job. The advertisement received 500 applications out of which only seven were deemed fit to interview, and the person selected eventually was not the ideal fit, even though he had a postgraduate degree for an entry level job!

This example is alarming, as a vast majority of us are clearly not fit for employment. But is our education sector to blame? The author seems to think so, but I beg to differ. And that brings us to the crux of the problem: internships.

Closing the gap through internships

College graduates ought to have linguistic and numerical skills, be confident and persuasive in their communication, have the ability to think logically, and the ability to conduct inductive/deductive reasoning. To encapsulate, they must have the ability to engage with data and then make decisions based on it. These skills are not exhaustive, and certainly do not mention the hard skills that are necessary for different jobs. However, they are skills that are probably the most valued in the corporate sector, according to our prospective employers.

However, the aforementioned skills are not only instilled into students. Quality education can only get us so far. Education is only theoretical; for instance, one can study writing emails in business communication, but it is only regular correspondence through emails that teaches one to draft them regularly and correspond in a professional manner.

Quality education and meaningful experience go hand in hand. Employers today are not willing to invest into students and interns – they do not want to play their role in the hope of improving the pool for the future. It is sort of like the Nash Equilibrium, where every employer wants to reap the benefits of quality graduates who have been trained but ultimately, not by their own firm.

While it is true that there are fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) companies, law firms and NGO’s that run proper meritocratic internship drives, they have only served a few of my peers. The vast majority of internships out there are offered on connections and personal favours. For instance, last summer, I happened to intern at a reputable legal aid clinic that claimed to run proper internship drives and had a decorated page on its website devoted to appraisals from former interns. However, when I got there, I was the only intern whose parents did not know someone in the organisation. I only managed to get the internship because I bombarded their HR department with emails and calls.

Companies do not take their interns seriously, because they do not take their recruitment drives seriously. And as a result, students often waste entire summers ‘working’ at their internships. After all, it is not uncommon for interns to spend the entire day trying to xerox a report that does not need to be photocopied, all in the hope of looking busy.

This is in stark contrast to how interns are treated elsewhere. For instance, in the US, the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) estimates that the hourly wage for interns across all degree levels and years in 2018 was around $18.73. Fresh graduates earn only a bit more than that, at around $20 per hour. Thus, companies there tend to treat interns a lot like fresh graduates.

I am not making the argument that students ought to be trusted with game-changing decisions, and they be given more responsibility than they can handle; I only ask of companies to recognise that students can contribute to their organisation. Companies need to recognise that students sacrifice their summers to work for them at a negligible stipend, or in many cases, for free. Thus, their potential and willingness to work needs to be appreciated and cultivated accordingly.

Of course, students will need to change their mindset as well. If we seek internships only to pad our resume, then we might as well fabricate the experience entirely. And while at internships, we need to actively seek out work, and at the same time, our employers need to be able to trust us with it as well.

Ibrahim Mahmood

Ibrahim Mahmood

The author is a law student at LUMS and hopes to pursue social justice in the courts one day.

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • anxious

    oh yes, do mind the gap between men and demigods for the sake of sparing oneself unimaginable horrors.Recommend

  • RajaSahib

    From My personal experience after going through hiring process for my company in Pakistan. I will never prefer Pakistani graduate anymore and will prefer an Indian 10 times on it because,

    Pakistani graduate instead seeking knowledge give first preference to money.

    Pakistani graduate has no ethics, taught at home and in any academic institution.

    Pakistani Graduate is only opportunist.

    Pakistani Graduate has no organization.

    Gives no preference to knowledge and skill.

    Recommend

  • Jai

    Can’t generalize based on your personal experience which I am sure is not without bias/prejudice.Recommend

  • Muhammad Haroon

    I think the author is right companies don’t pay heed to hire interns and during interview they expect us to be familiar with each and every aspects of industry from technical to managerial terms.

    Rather they blame our Educational System that they don’t teach what it should be
    In my opinion, it is responsibility of every organization to hire interns and give them exposure and confidence and must engage them in their current projects.

    Internship not only give an insight of the work experience it also,

    >Guide the students to choose their path
    >Offers them to view things from practical perspective
    >It is also a major source of Marketing for an OrganizationRecommend

  • UJ

    Millennials should toughen up, take responsibility and initiative to actively participate in work during studies. If an education at LUMS does not teach one how to take control of their lives, then I don’t know what will.

    The best thing about the baby boomers were that they took responsibility for their actions and didn’t live in a bubble expecting the world to owe them something. The only thing the millennials are good at is ranting their way through life.Recommend

  • AJ

    The xerox copies though. Been there done that. 😁Recommend

  • Parvez

    Raja Sahib…O ! Raja Sahib ……you are so transparent, your comment certainly made me laugh.Recommend

  • SS

    Maybe don’t publicly diss your former employer? Even though you did not specifically mention the employer name, you dissing any employer on a public forum will hinder your chances of getting employment elsewhere. If you seek to have a thorough and comprehensive internship experience you should be cognizant about basic etiquette in terms of discussing employment in a blog.Recommend

  • Fahim

    You didn’t deserve position to hire, you wasted a time of an organisation. You are just another time waster from indian or if pakiatani then you have already said you haven’t received ethics from homeRecommend

  • Fahim

    We need top companies to open their development departments. I work in multibillion dollar company but we need dozens in pakistanRecommend

  • sani

    well u learn a lot, u learn how to print out, make two-sided photocopy and align pages in print out without reading the content. :)Recommend

  • sani

    Oo really, also search in google the term ” biased “Recommend

  • AJ

    😂😂 so true.Recommend

  • Kamran

    The Young guy is right. My Internships long time ago were a total waste of time. Had to argue with the Provincial Chief to get something concrete delivered by the Interns at the end of the program; but the Boss (2-3 years senior to me) was great.
    I had challenges, when I ran the Internship Program at my Organization. One guy (we called him Shah Sb) would come, sit in front of a colleague and read the paper. There was also a dating couple (seriously serious about each other). There were other stories about lack of motivation, non-interest, lack of capability (IQ/knowledge/training), etc. .
    The challenge with giving Interns great experience is that, YOU as a Supervisor have to assign them tasks, decide between telling them how to deliver results step by step OR leaving them to accomplish the results by themselves. Then you have to review the work; and explain the good and the bad of the work.
    It is just too time consuming, and impacts all your other deliverables. So if you do not get appreciated for mentoring Interns, but do get not so nice words for not accomplishing your work, so then why bother?
    But then there are Supervisors, who give the wrong training to Interns, not preparing them for real life.
    Moral: Are the Interns READY to take on responsibility, especially by reducing the work load of the supervisors???Recommend