US-Pakistan-Afghanistan: The gloves are now off

Published: August 28, 2017
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A clash erupted after the convoy came under attack at the Amin picket. PHOTO: REUTERS

Like millions of Americans, I watched President Donald Trump’s speech from my living room on August 21, 2017. It is the third time an American president has addressed our nation on Afghanistan, now the longest war in American history.

To those of us familiar with the region, the speech was business as usual, with a few notable changes. But for those Americans with loved ones in Pakistan, the president’s speech was a plainspoken warning – fall in line Pakistan, or face the consequences. Taking the speech to its furthest extrapolation, without change, Pakistan will soon face US sanctions.

Certainly for Pakistan, clouds are gathering. The Trump administration has paused $350 million in military aid on the basis that Pakistan is not doing enough to combat domestic terrorism. Other measures not mentioned explicitly in the speech are also on the table. At the Council on Foreign Relations, Max Boot notes that the US is considering sanctioning individual Pakistani officials and pursuing a more liberal bombing campaign on Pakistani insurgents.

For the US, with President Trump in charge, famous for his abilities to delegate as an executive, the gloves are now off.

Trump committed to “expand authority for American armed forces to target the terrorists and criminal networks that sow violence and chaos throughout Afghanistan.”

In this commitment, the president is referring to the restrictions former president Barack Obama had placed on US forces. At the time, Obama was allowing US forces permission for only offensive airstrikes against transnational terrorist groups, including the Haqqani network and al Qaeda but not the Taliban itself unless US forces were under imminent threat.

With the gloves off, the Taliban could be directly targeted by US forces on the same basis as international terrorist groups, leading to an escalation of conflict and presumably some spillover onto Pakistani territory where the Taliban shelters.

As an American of Pakistani heritage, the US policy on Afghanistan fills me with despair. The real victors emerging from this endless conflict are the Taliban who can outlast any superpower for decades and will continue to do so.

Today, the Taliban control 11% of Afghanistan’s population and contest an additional 29% of Afghanistan. Furthermore, the lack of serious recognition of Pakistan’s loss of life in battling the Taliban – though briefly mentioned by the president – was overshadowed by accusations that Pakistan shelters the very terrorists that dismember its citizens. More sorrowful still is that there is indeed truth in this, however painful it is for us Pakistanis to admit.

Ahmed Rashid explained the fall out to NPR with clarity. Pakistan fails to crackdown on the Afghani Taliban living in Pakistan because Pakistan has pragmatically chosen to maintain links with the Afghani Taliban recognising that they may eventually have full power in Afghanistan. Pakistan also seeks to build an allegiance with the Afghani Taliban to keep Indian influence firmly out of the region. Pakistan was therefore especially mortified that India was invited directly into Afghanistan by the US in recognition of its trade relations. Furthermore, it was another hit to Pakistan that India was given striking emphasis in President Trump’s speech.

As I listened to the speech here in New York, I thought of both the American soldiers I have treated with complications from their Afghan military tours and the Pakistani soldiers that I have toured with who have made enormous sacrifices against the same enemy – the Taliban. From all dimensions, whether I’m in my office in New York meeting American soldiers with post-traumatic stress disorders or in Malakand or the Swat Valley seeing the families of local villagers threatened with decimation by the Taliban, widowed by jihadism, or mourning sons lost to the clutches of predatory jihadist recuriters – I realise that there is so much human suffering for such little gain.

I cannot forget my brief days with the Pakistan Northwest Frontier Corpsmen (FC). Five years ago, I went to see Sabaoon in Malakand, Swat, a school facilitating the rehabilitation of former child Taliban operatives. The FC personnel protected me from the first moments of my journey until the last. I rode with them in a Chevrolet pickup with armed guards manning a machine gun on the roof to deter snipers.

As I spent my days with these soldiers and toured the facilities with the physicians who founded the program under the aegis of General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, I learned about the lives of these men and their families. By the end of the first day, some of the soldiers came to seek out my medical advice for their own worries.

In each Pakistani soldier, I found bravery, sacrifice, tenderness and deep respect for their sense of duty. Whether their charge was to protect me for three days or to protect the region against the lethal Taliban for decades, their determination did not falter. Wherever we went, tiny children would stop playing and wave at us, aware that their freedom to play in the valley was owed to these valiant men.

It was these men that were the most disregarded by the American president’s speech. How can President Trump know the sacrifice of Pakistan’s soldiers when he hasn’t even been to the places I have seen? When he hasn’t travelled in a Chevrolet miles along the hairpin roads of the Hindu Kush on a precarious clutch? How can he know about the lives of the soldiers’ beautiful children whom they miss when they go on duty? President Trump, very much like former president Obama, does not have a connection to the region and will not. President Trump, bowing to America’s generals and America’s deep state, has zero incentive to connect to the region.

President George Bush was quite different. Though he launched the ill-fated war in reaction to 9/11, throughout his two presidencies, he maintained strong ties with Afghanistan and visited the country as well. Thus, he was able isolate the Taliban as the enemy and the people of Afghanistan as innocent.

For Pakistanis, there are a few choices ahead. The intellectual public and the rigorous press must campaign for a rejection of all extremism within Pakistan’s borders. That includes not only the rejection of terrorist operatives and their powerful networks but the rejection of spurious mob killings of minorities in the name of blasphemy. It means offering nationwide protection to minority places of worship, whether it is for the Shias, the Sufis, the Ahmadis, the Ismailis, the Christians, the Bahais, the Hindus or the animists. It means the adoption of the true ideals of Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s founding values – a nation where one’s creed and caste is not the business of the state and where every man and woman and child is free to safely worship in his temple or church or mosque. Pakistan must demonstrate that it has a willingness to live by these rules.

Most of all, Pakistan must pursue a civic and political policy of defanging extremists who preach sedition against minorities. And most acutely of all, Pakistan should resist giving extremists political power at all costs.

Alyssa Ayres, a foreign policy expert on South Asia observes with appropriate incredulity that only recently, Hafiz Saeed, the suspected mastermind of the 2008 Mumbai Bombings and leader of Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), a designated terror organisation on UN Sanctions lists, has registered as a political party named the Mili Muslim League. Despite these designations, and notwithstanding that the US listed a $10 million reward for information about him in 2012, he has been able to operate in Pakistan, barring his house arrest, unhindered. That an internationally recognised terrorist – also named by Afghanistan’s President Ashraf Ghani as one of the terrorist groups Afghanistan is fighting – can register with Pakistan’s Election Commission to compete in the 2018 national elections is a foul stain on Pakistan’s democracy. Such individuals must be excommunicated from Pakistani politics, not inducted to national profiles. These excommunications must be led by our own political leaders.

US legislators both in Congress and the executive branch have begun to demand that Pakistan acknowledges its policy of providing safe havens to terrorists. Two US secretaries of defence – Ashton Carter and James Mattis – have refused to certify that Pakistan is making adequate efforts to target the Haqqani network. These choices are causing damage to the region but also severe damage to Pakistan’s own structures of democracy as well as its international reputation. Pakistan’s choices are a fast track to international sanctions. Trump’s rhetoric in his Afghanistan speech, no matter how painful, is only a natural trajectory of the experience of past US administrations.

When Pakistan unites in defence of the innocent and the vulnerable, in defence of the weak and the good, it will regain the moral high ground to take on extremists who do find safe harbour within this beautiful and deeply misunderstood nation.

Without question, Pakistan’s soldiers, airmen and women are among the bravest in the world. They have also given a far greater sacrifice to the jihadist threat from Islamism – radical Islam – in the form of the Taliban and lately the Islamic State (IS), than any other nation. And their bravery threatens the Taliban greatly – who can forget the devastating assault that claimed the lives of 140 children at the Army Public School (APS) in Peshawar which was vengeance for Pakistan’s ongoing war with the Taliban?

While Pakistan’s soldiers will continue this devastating war for the protection of the nation, it is time Pakistan’s citizenry followed suit and reject all forms of extremism from within. We must do this as neighbours, as newspaper editors, as columnists, as filmmakers, and as politicians.

Too much appeasement of hardline extremists has led to an increasing exploitation of Pakistan as a nation where extremists are welcome. That must change and the motivation to change it has never been greater.

Qanta Ahmed

Qanta Ahmed

A British Muslim who is the author of 'In the Land of Invisible Women: A Female Doctor’s Journey in the Saudi Kingdom' and a physician. She tweets @MissDiagnosis (twitter.com/MissDiagnosis)

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • Rohan

    Lets hope Pakistan now takes action against terrorists but I’m sure it won’tRecommend

  • peter pan

    All that you say is very touching- but this sob story is unlikely to effect US Foreign policy. Pakistan needs to act to protect its own interests. For this it needs a re- think of its Afghan policy, including why on earth does the country need to meddle in Afghan affairs. This is the reason of where we are today and no amount of bravery by the Pak Army will change that. The down side risk of continuing with the present policy is that Pakistan will be in grip of a pincer hold by India on both its borders when President Trump lets India loose on the western border.
    Pakistan should try to normalize its relations with India. How? by proposing that the LOC would be the dividing line. Please not that it is in the interest of both India and Pakistan to have this solution. Pakistan cannot afford to give up Azad Kashmir to an independent Kashmir. If it does so it will lose control off the watershed areas of the Indus, the Basha dam, and the OBOR highway and GET NOTHING IN RETURN.
    Likewise India will NOT give up control of Occupied Kashmir.Recommend

  • Hassan

    It seems author,wants Pakistan to behave like a colony of USA and Co. and follow their dictates…Pakistan has been suffering since 1979,when the Afghan war started…Why didn’t USA and Co have any problems with Pakistan at that time?As long as Pakistan and Mujahideen were fighting Russia,everything was fine…But,after that both became villians in the eyes of west…That is hypocrisy and nothing else from the west..Pakistan has every right to follow her policy,to safe guard her interests….At present Pakistan’s interests don’t lie with Afghan govt. that is helping India to destabilize Pakistan and is also spreading terrorism in Pakistan.But with Afghan Taliban,who are supportive of Pakistan..Unless n until USA is ready to form a pro Pakistan govt in Kabul,Pakistan should stick to her stand and line….Such govt. should also have strong elements from Afghan Taliban..That only can bring stability to Afghanistan,secure interests of Pakistan and also let USA and Co live in peace..Hafiz Saeed is a respectable figure and any tom dick and harry,designating him a terrorist,doesn’t matter at all….He has every right to form a political party and come in mainstream politics….If west can’t change her policy for Pakistan,why should Pakistan do so?…..There is no such need…Recommend

  • Akbar Mohamadzai

    Pakistan must end its decades-old policy of using terrorism as a tool of foreign policy. There is doom ahead for Pakistan otherwise.Recommend

  • sunil pujari

    Appreciate the Authors frank admission where the problem lies. Pakistan has created frankenstein it cannot control.Recommend

  • Frank Mossman

    For those know the Pakistan of the 1960’s and early 1970’s, there
    was neither religious extremism nor the widespread poverty and misgovernance
    which characterises today’s Pakistan. The principal cause of these ills is the
    very same United States, which callously played the Islam card, to motivate
    ignorant Afghan tribesmen to act as American cannon-fodder against the Soviet Union.

    Islamic fervour has been repeatedly been exploited by colonialists in their divide-and-rule strategies, see https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o3vkdLIn3wQ

    http://markcurtis.info/2016/11/02/how-britain-carved-up-the-middle-east-and-helped-create-saudi-arabia

    Recommend

  • Patwari

    Great blog. Kudos to the author on this great self searching article.
    Clear cut and concise. Very true. Describing Big Yellow to a T. User friendly.Recommend

  • Chetan Naik

    Well articulated, followed you on twitter.Recommend

  • numbersnumbers

    Maybe @Hassan might explain why Afghans need Pakistani approval over who Afghanistan wants to be friends with?Recommend

  • Sohrab Khan

    As i see it, only way out for Pakistan is this
    1. Send all Afghan refugees home;
    2. Secure its borders or completely close it with Afghanistan;
    3. Withdraw all the support ;
    4. Completely withdraw from supporting the coalition or the US forces, become neutral;

    If Pakistan does all the 4 things above, the US forces will run away within 3 months (guaranteed)Recommend

  • Patwari

    Comment was edited by the Hindustan lovers at ET.Recommend

  • Patwari

    The Afghans just need to close down 24 ‘consulates’ also
    known as ‘Hindustan Cultural Centers’ all along the Pakland’s
    western border. Where terrorists from Afghanland enter FATA
    and Balochistan with bags of dollars, guns, ammunition and sickos
    who kill, innocent men, women, children in the Land of the Pure.
    Once they do that, then everything will be peachy.
    Then the 5 millions Afghani refugees will be sent back. To help build
    their Afghan Land. Or they can move on to Hinduland and live with
    their hindu brothers and sisters.Recommend

  • izhar khan

    The author has forgotten the history of an early Afghan war with USSR. These terrorists and jihadies were gathered and brought to Pakistan by the same country, which is now blaming us like they have nothing to do with this. When USSR disintegrated, they left us knee deep in the mess they had created, with 4.5 million afghan refugees, and the entire Afghanistan in internal war. The US sole purpose was to defeat communism, and that was achieve through these proxies groups in which the Haqqanies were there favorite one. Now they are tasting the taste of their own madison.Recommend

  • Shakir Lakhani

    “Pakistan will be in grip of a pincer hold by India on both its borders when President Trump lets India loose on the western border”. That’s right, just like only yesterday the Indian army suffered the humiliation of being forced to withdraw from Doklam!Recommend

  • Shakir Lakhani

    “Likewise India will NOT give up control of Occupied Kashmir”. India has to use 700,000 soldiers to kill & rape residents of J&K, sooner or later Indians will realize that it’s not worth it and will have to withdraw.Recommend

  • Mohd Farhan

    US will impose sanctions! We should have thought about this war before getting into it.Recommend

  • Milind A

    what about aerial bombing of your civilians? We’re not withdrawing anytime soon… Kashmir has always been part of India and has our holy places.Recommend

  • Ram

    only question you need to ask is “WHY”, why did Pakistan got involved in this mess from the beginning and if you do a honest introspect it’s with evil intention to impress US to get few military aid crush India. It is not for Islam or any humanitarian cause and Karma always gets youRecommend

  • numbersnumbers

    Once again, @patwari goes on about 24 Indian consulates that he knows don’t exist! Any reader can search for “Indian embassies in Afghanistan” to see that, just like Pakistan, India has one embassy (Kabul) and 4 consulates (Herat, Jalalabad, Kandhar, Mazar-e-Sharif) in Afghanistan!
    So @Patwari, please tell us the locations of those 24 Indian consolates you claim exist on Paklands western border, otherwise we may all think you just make up thingsRecommend

  • numbersnumbers

    Ha, Pakistan has never been “neutral” in this fight in Afghanistan, since it provided extensive support and safe havens for its own Proxies meddling in Afghan affairs the past 15 plus years!Recommend

  • Rex Minor

    The author like many in the American continent and the world at large need not worry about the erratic and unpredictable current President tweets and statements on American foreign policy. The Trump has a limited time not to last long as his administration team is slowly but definitely dwindling too. The so named Talibans are a hard core population which lives across the so called durand line in Afghanistan and Pakistan. No one in the region and definitely a foreigner have any chance to survive and live in peace n their region without acceptance of appeasement at their hands. They have a plenty of a space and do not charge any rental in their grave yard which has more foreigners buried than the locals through natural death. Let trump follow the surge recommendations of their mlitary and impose sanctions on its allies in Pakistan, the Talibans is a force to reckon with and they have disappointed no one in combat. The saying goes that wheather the mellon falls on the knife or the knfe on the mallon, it is the mellon which gets cut in half.

    Rex Minor

    Fools are the Americans if they believe that Pakistan administration can deliver them the Talibans? .Recommend

  • Qanta Ahmed

    Thanks for your heartfelt response.Recommend

  • Qanta Ahmed

    Thank you so much!Recommend

  • Qanta Ahmed

    I hope the same, and fear the sameRecommend

  • Qanta Ahmed

    well said and a chilling description.Recommend

  • Qanta Ahmed

    But Pakistan also contains a large part of the solution.Recommend

  • Qanta Ahmed

    I fully agree. The US was mastermind of the Mujahideen and Pakistan and Muslims only too readily took the bait. Thats why the Syrian conflict was so depressing with president obama arming ‘ resistance’ fighters to do the same. Dreadful repetition of history.Recommend

  • Qanta Ahmed

    More easily said than done.Recommend

  • Qanta Ahmed

    I’m very worried sanctions will be comingRecommend

  • Qanta Ahmed

    NO. No edits were made by my editors. This was my submitted draft published in full. Sorry to disappoint. Express Tribune editors are very generous to me in sharing my ideas without their edits.Recommend

  • Qanta Ahmed

    Maybe so but millions of Muslims line up to deface our own faith in inhuman acts the globe over. Muslims including Pakistan have to accept they are exercising personal agency and often tearing their own countries apart at the same timeRecommend

  • gp65

    IT withdrew from Dokalam when China agreed to stop building the road India objected. Far from facing humiliation, India calmly standing up to Chinese bullying won it widespread international respect. Please read media other than Pakistani and Chinese.Recommend

  • gp65

    IF there are 24 consulates please name the cities they are in. A consulate cannot be hidden. There are just 4 consulates and one embassy and these have been open since 1949. Of these, only 2 are close to Pakistani border. Pakistan also has consulates and embassies in the exact same cities as India.Recommend

  • Rana Azam Manj Rajput

    Pakistan is a sovereign state and has right to choose its foreign policy and I am sure they will figure out a way out of this crisis situation. Lets be honest and admit that its not peace in Afghanistan which is desired by USA. Last century it was the halt of advancing communist country and now its the same reason as well but a different country. side effect will be felt by neighbouring countries only which include India, China, Pakistan, Iran and central Asian states. This investment of $737m is to stop economic development in the region not for peace. India will be biggest consumer of resources sourced from central Asian states and China will be able to develop its western part with new trade routes opening which is only possible if there is peace in the region.
    There is strong need for neighbouring countries to form strong alliance against foreign interventions which no way will be beneficial for the region. War industry only serves capitalists and industrialists of war mongering countries. Trade and economic prosperity on the other hand filters downs to very basic unit of society. Last war hasn’t solved anything so will be this one. it will only fan the regional ethnic and religious conflicts and strengthen factional divide.
    Above article is lacking balance in a sense that it only highlighted failing of Pakistani policy and no mention of negative effects of American strategy also not a single mention of Pakistan’s efforts to promote peace in the region. Now that Pakistan has realised that lasting peace solution is not prolonging war but cull the culprit causing terrorism, USA started to impose sanction on Pakistan to halt the peace process so China’s economic corridor doesn’t succeed.Recommend

  • gp65

    Certainly Pakistan can choose to say that but should not be upset when US accuses it of duplicity and stops CSF and in future stops helping Pakistan get IMF aidRecommend

  • Patwari

    You are being magnanimous. And diplomatic.Which, of course, is your
    inalienable and First Amendment right. But do consider for a moment :-
    Hindustani hindus and their armed forces, armies, are not known for
    their valor. Or battlefield prowess.
    Say, from the time of the Aryan, Persian Invasions through Alexander
    the Great to the stream of Muslim conquerors, it was always a handful
    defeating the huge. The latest episode was in 1965 when the Pak Army send
    the Bharati Janata’s ‘cream of the crop’ back to their barracks without supper.
    Never mind that they left their shoes, rifles, helmets, field packs on the ground,
    in their rush to get back….to their idlis and dosas.
    So this disjointed jingoist rant about “pincer movement and Big Yellow
    unleashing a “hindu horde” is just a tad too much to swallow. Oh well.Recommend

  • Patwari

    Not quite sure how to interpret..”millions of Muslims line up to deface…”
    it never amounted to millions, by any stretch of the imagination.
    There is an inherent embedded goodness in each human being. It takes some doing to bring forth the anger.
    Recommend

  • Rex Minor

    It is not diffcult to understand the Pashtun culture which does not accept appeasement from any one . Pakistan administration has no influence on tribal chiefs who more or less control their tribes.

    Rex MinorRecommend

  • Rex Minor

    You should not underestimate the ability of those responsibe in Pakistan or Afganistan to speculate on American mastermind. There are no masterminds but self survival interest which guides the homosapiens. noe should trust Afghns or those from Pakistan since one only has to read their history.

    Rex MinorRecommend

  • Rex Minor

    Why react emotionlyß if there are indeed 24 Indan conslates then b it. It is none of Pakistn business with whom the Kabul Government maintins it foreign reltions. Afghanistan is n independent country long before Pakistan gained its ndepndence from the Brits. Besides the afghan people have had long time relations with Indians despite the religion divide.

    Rex MinorRecommend

  • Salim Alvi

    Sick Pakistani babies are given medical Visa by India. ountry. Afghanistan is friend of India from the beginning. Afghan people are suffering. Recommend

  • Eddied

    Bravo to the author for this accurate assessment of the situation…Recommend

  • Patwari

    Long time no see madam. They are running out of gas
    in Cruz’s state.Hope you are keeping your tank full.
    Unfortunately, your version of what transpired on the
    Doklam peninsula is the 7-11 version, or the mandir
    version. For the masses, by Modi Sarkar and Sushma.
    Bhutan and China had reached an amicable understanding
    on the Doklam border dispute. Thimphu and Beijing even
    signed an agreement. Road building was not an issue at all
    with Bhutan. Nor did they ask for Bharat’s interference.
    Bharat just inserted itself in this
    road issue. [Hindia’s defeat by China in 1962 is not going away]
    Bhutan has no dog in this fight. They are silent spectators.Recommend

  • Salim Alvi

    ET comment editor, while editing dont cut off the subject of the sentence and remove object. Afghan babies need medical attention by Indian doctors not PakistaniRecommend

  • May Flower

    Pak stations one third of its army in Balochistan to do all you said.Recommend

  • May Flower

    You did not utter the K-word.Recommend