Why the creation of Pakistan does not negate my Indian identity

Published: August 13, 2017

A cricket fan gets his face painted with the colors of the Pakistan and Indian national flags ahead of the ICC World Cup semifinal match between India and Pakistan, in Gauhati, India, Tuesday, March 29, 2011. PHOTO: AP

There is something about India as an idea which transcends modern-day political configurations. It is the idea of India as a huge mass of land which stretches from Balochistan to present day Bangladesh. This idea of India is independent of any political configuration.

In fact, during the past thousands of years, this mass of land has very seldom been a unified political entity. And yet, there is something which loosely unites the inhabitants despite their substantial religious and at times even ethno-linguistic differences. After all, let us not forget that more than 200 languages are spoken in India.

There is something, perhaps difficult to articulate, which enables this huge stretch of land to be called India irrespective of various political shapes it has assumed over thousands of years.

My country Pakistan was created only 70 years ago. In my eyes, the current political landscape consisting of India, Bangladesh and Pakistan is just one of the many political permutations the Indian subcontinent has witnessed over thousands of years. This current political formation does not mean that I have ceased to be an Indian.

Yes, at this point, I will say that I am a proud Pakistani. I opened my eyes here and I love it intensely despite the fact that I have often been severely critical of the way things are being run here. But at the same time, I would also like to say that I have an Indian identity as well.

I am the heir to the same rich past and I have the same claim to India as those who belong to modern political India. It is this great common heritage, underpinned by the idea of India independent of political configurations, which unites me with those who live in the present political entity of India. It is our common heritage irrespective of our different political, and for that matter even cultural differences – because modern political India also has many sub-cultures which differ substantially from each other – which unites us.

Yes, those who worship the idea of the Two-Nation Theory will negate it and ironically their sentiments will find endorsement by a Hindutva brigade. The former thinks that identity is perhaps a monolithic phenomenon and Pakistan equates to an antithesis of India. They think that identity is solely a political cum religious construct and since Pakistan is a separate political entity, we are now just Pakistanis in every respect of the way.

The political Pakistan means the fostering of a completely new identity and a complete divorce from the past. For them, their past starts from the point their ancestors converted to Islam and their identity morphs into something concrete only after the creation of Pakistan. And this group, consisting of so-called nationalists, is also wary of ethnic identities and aligns itself with the state cultivated narrative of “one Pakistan, one nation”.

On the other hand, the Indian right-wingers think that since Pakistan became a separate state, their country was “partitioned” and an unforgivable sin has been committed. By creating Pakistan, its inhabitants have divided mother India. They keep on talking about the glory of the Indus valley civilisation and mention India as a historically single political entity which in 1947 was divided along religious lines.

Well, needless to say, I disagree with both parties. My premise is that people have multiple identities. I am a Pakistani, a Punjabi, a Muslim, and of course an Indian in the sense I have mentioned above. In fact, we all have multiple identities. At times, one identity may become dominant due to certain circumstances and may even take on a strong political expression, such as a demand for a separate state. However, even if one does so, the other identities do not simply disappear.

So in my case, my Indian identity is there despite my Pakistani identity. I may not consciously ‘choose’ it, but for me it is not only a matter of choice, as it is an identity shaped by history and culture transmitted through generations. It is that common historical heritage which binds me together with those who live in the neighbouring political India.

I have been fortunate to know numerous Indians at both of my alma maters, Cornell University and Syracuse University. Some of my best friends are Indians and I am amazed at how much we have in common despite an apparently ‘hostile’ political situation between the two countries. And they do not belong to North India only (as it is often said that North India is culturally closer to Pakistan) but from the South as well. It is this commonality which transcends political and even ethnic and religious differences which binds me to them. I do not think of them as foes but as my brothers and sisters with whom I share a great common heritage.

And yet I will not apologise for Pakistan, as it is my country and I opened my eyes here. I will nevertheless reiterate that the creation of Pakistan, at least in my eyes, does not negate my Indian identity and origins. I would like to remind all those who are bent upon imposing the Arab Wahabi culture on us that it is alien to us.

Today, as our countries turn 70, I believe that realising our common identity is important, as it will lead to the erosion of bitterness. Yes, modern Pakistan and India are a reality, but then so is our great common heritage. Yes, it is important for us to be loyal to our political states, but at the same time not overlook the joint heritage.

There is an overarching identity which unites us despite our political differences. I sincerely wish we acknowledge that and move forward as independent but friendly political states.

I am a Pakistani Indian…


Raza Habib Raja

The author is a recent Cornell graduate and currently pursuing his PhD in political science at Maxwell School, Syracuse University. He has also worked for a leading development finance institution in Pakistan. He is a freelance journalist whose works have been published at Huffington Post, Dawn (Pakistan), Express Tribune (Pakistan) and Pak Tea House. He tweets @razaraja (twitter.com/razaraja?lang=en)

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • zeeshan

    what a pathetic piece of essay. The cancer of Akhand Bharat is deeply spreading in the minds of liberals misplaced in Pakistan.Recommend

  • skdking

    What? You sound idealistic. But confused. Can you send me links to more of your writings. I want to read you more to appreciate you better.Recommend

  • Ahmar

    Nice writing. India will always be a part of our identity and history even if we are separate countries today. I like to think of the analogy of Britain and Europe. Even though UK has left the EU, that does not mean they don’t consider themselves Europeans anymore.Recommend

  • Dhamdev

    All inhabitants of the subcontinent should appreciate our common heritage.Recommend

  • Thomas

    Ye rite.Recommend

  • Milford

    Here comes the mentally deranged girl with her cognitive dissonant argumentRecommend

  • Milford

    Lie to yourself;
    Be the none.
    And wind up none.Recommend

  • Arunanshu M

    So who do you identify with? A Pakistan with no history, identity or culture before the 12th century Muslim invasions? Your ancestors were Hindu. Your grandfather and his ancestors were Indians. you forget your roots?Recommend


    I wonder if you know Baluchistan voted to be a part of India and Badshah Khan was advised by Mr. Gandhi to join PakistanRecommend

  • Ishaal

    my God. just read the first few lines and the love author has shown for india felt sooo strong that didnt feel like reading further… i wonder why he does not move there with his entire family. no one will miss you sir. be another adnan sami and live in peace. let us live in peace too.. i wonder if u could ever write such sentiments with such passion for Pakistan ever in ur life. would be a real challenge for u i guess.Recommend

  • Sane

    Yes, India shall remain part of our identity as Muslims ruled India for 800 years. How can be a land forgotten, on which Muslims ruled for 800 years.Recommend

  • RHR

    At least read the article till the end!Recommend

  • Peeyush Prasad

    I think this point needs to be appreciated more. The author refers to not ‘India’ the country, but something more abstract which includes shared history, food and subcultures.

    My current conclusion is that people in the subcontinent are very emotional, retain long grudges and like simple narratives. We then support these even to the detriment of our own children and future. I really hope we can mature as a people, and work for the greater good of the subcontinent.

    Kudos to the author, he always has a very balanced perspective.Recommend

  • RHR

    Like your leader Imran you are also on a high!Recommend

  • Rajiv

    That day will never come.We will make sure of that.Recommend

  • Memona

    I deem area around indua river as an important part of sub continent history where early settlers resided including Aryans.Recommend

  • Fahim

    Actually you seems to be foreigner from your name that is why you saying ‘It’s not similarities.’ We have several similarities with Arabs, Persian and Turks. Our food. names, our way of life, our religion, our events happiness, our events of sadness etc are same and different from Hindus.Recommend

  • Salim Alvi

    What is Aryan? Dravid means south. American Dixie is derivative of Dravid. Aryan was invented by EIC colonizer babus to fool natives. Arya in Sanskrit means noble of deeds and character. Recommend

  • Salim Alvi

    There is Ganesh on Indonesian Rs and their national carrier’s name is Garuda. They are more Hindu than secular India. Civilized world is giving up legions used to enslave, colonize and creating terror lands like Pakistan and IS. Almost a decade old trend https://www.google.com/amp/www.newsweek.com/us-views-god-and-life-are-turning-hindu-79073%3famp=1Recommend

  • Pure ind

    Hope u get educated correctly.Recommend

  • Pure ind

    You guys forgot your roots which was up to Indonesia & Afghanistan down south up to srilanka.do you know the first mosque was not built in north but in south Kerala by Arabs.Recommend

  • Patwari

    Your inferiority complex is showing. Sorry.
    Not to worry, it goes back thousand of years.
    Kind a like a genetic thing. More DNA ingrained.
    All your brothers have it, in one form or another.
    Requires intensive and extensive therapy. No cure.Recommend

  • Patwari

    Considering that you are a hindu hiding behind a Western name.
    Tells a lot about your prevailing ‘inferiority complex’. About par.
    It runs in all your Hindustani brothers, has a lot to due with the
    Caste System. Which was imposed by the Aryans on the hindu
    population to control them and assign them tasks. Get the work done.
    See, even then, there were millions of hindus and not many Aryans.
    Going back to the Aryan invasion, Hindustan has always wanted
    and needed a strong foreign iron fisted no nonsense ruler. The Aryans
    and other invaders, the Lodhis, the Ghaznavis, the Shahs and the
    Mughals fulfilled that. Easily. Hindia always needed a strong master.
    Then came the British…and after independence 70 years later, new overlords…Americans.Recommend

  • Arunanshu M

    No use reasoning with you Patwari. You are schooled in the Pakistani school of historyRecommend

  • Patwari

    Who is Asma Jehangir? Mother Theresa of lawyers?Recommend

  • Memona

    To me Aryans were just early settlers in present pakistan who migrated to present Pakistan through Khyber pass from central Asian. We can’t deny the migration of immigrants from central Asian into sub continent.Recommend

  • Patwari

    Nope. Not a foreigner at all.
    A true blue hindu in disguise
    under a foreign name.
    His English phrasing is wrong.
    Not foreign English at all. DesiRecommend

  • Patwari

    Comment edited by Hindia loving auditors at ET.Recommend

  • Patwari

    UCLA and Harvard would disagree with you. So sorry.Recommend

  • Memona

    Im sorry you find my comments clueless about early migration to sub continent. How do you think we all ended up in sub continent? Our ancestors migrated to this land.Recommend

  • Memona

    Whatever makes you happy.Recommend

  • rationalist

    Good points. HIndutva, to me means exactly the sentiment that the author has espoused. It is our cultural identity from ancient times.Recommend