People of Thar have no food or water, but thanks for the free WiFi, PPP

Published: March 15, 2017

A child lays on a hospital bed in the desert region of Tharparkar. PHOTO: AFP

Recently, the Sindh Engro Coal Mining Company (SECMC) inaugurated the first free WiFi villages in Tharparkar. The project, which will cost $2 billion and is projected to be completed in 2019, involves the production of 660 megawatts of electricity through the process of coal mining.

An investigative article published in The National Geographic in 2014 states:

“Coal provides 40% of the world’s electricity. It produces 39% of global carbon dioxide emissions. It kills thousands a year in mines, many more with polluted air.”

Even though WiFi has become such a necessity in today’s world, the question that arises is: do the people living in the villages of Thar even have enough money to spend on these devices? More importantly: Is their basic necessity Wifi or food and water?

According to a recent report by the United Nation Observation Mission on Tharparkar, the districts of Umerkot and Sanghar fall under humanitarian crisis and the situation in these areas has not changed since the last Sindh Drought Needs Assessment report.

For many years, Thar has been making headlines for different reasons. In May 2016, a report released by the National Commission for Human Rights (NCHR) stated that 1,380 children died of malnutrition related issues in Tharparkar. An estimate of 329 children died in 2016, 670 in 2015 and 381 died of malnutrition, famine and poor nutrition in 2014. The report further stated that the root of the crisis is food scarcity and 76% of the population has no food supplies at home. Due to droughts, hundreds of thousands of livestock perished during the crisis as well.

In Thar, people depend on livestock agriculture of millet for their livelihood, but due to low rainfall in 2016, the livestock and the production of cereal grass are at risk. Since 2012, the lack of rains has become worse; the wells have dried up and there is no grass or green land for the cattle to graze upon.

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), if the Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rate among children and women is more than 15%, it is to be considered as an emergency situation. During the National Nutrition Survey conducted in 2011, the GAM rate of Thar was at 22.7% and chronic malnutrition was 45.9%. The overall Sindh GAM rate was 17.5%. However, the situation went fairly unnoticed until 2016 when Sindh health officials confirmed the deaths of 143 children due to malnutrition in five months in a health department report.

In 2014, then chief minister of Sindh Qaim Ali Shah failed to take the matter seriously and in turn made an insensitive statement about the deaths of children in Tharparkar, which he said were caused largely due to maternity related complications rather than hunger. His failure to address these issues  forced Asif Ali Zardari to replace him. In 2016, Murad Ali Shah stepped in as the chief minister of Sindh – a decision hailed by many in Pakistan; however, we are yet to see any improvement in regards to governance.

The Sehwan blast highlighted the current chief minister’s apathy when the victims of the blasts were unable to receive proper treatment at the local hospital and had to travel more than a 100 kilometres towards urban Sindh for the required procedures. Sehwan falls under Shah’s constituency, which is depriving its people of better health infrastructures.

The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) government dealt with the matter of poor governance politically instead of making decisions that would help solve Sindh’s problems. This is PPP’s second consecutive tenure in Sindh, and reports on Thar suggest that they are suffering from the same problems  since 2011. PPP has been ruling over Sindh since the 1970s and the party has remained in total control of Sindh’s financial and political resources; yet, rural Sindh is still miserably poor and underdeveloped, lacking even basic civic infrastructure.

In my previous blog, I raised the question of whether the government only remembers Thar when it comes to coal reserves, while conveniently turning a blind eye to those starving to death. The $2 billion project could have brought a change to the area if basic necessities were available to the people. They need clean water, alternate methods to grow agriculture and sustain livestock during the drought. They don’t need bags of ration, a few mineral water bottles and free WiFi facilities.

To quote Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from the PPP’s official website ,

“If things do not change, there will be nothing left to change. Either power must pass to the people or everything else will perish.”


Farheen Rizvi

The author is a supporter of the MQM, has a Bachelors in business management from Iowa and a Masters degree in international management from the University of Maryland. She works for US based charities like IMHO and SUN while based in Virginia. She tweets @farririzvi (

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • vinsin

    They are non-Muslims so why bothered? They can always move to India.Recommend

  • Shamsuddin Shaikh

    Would invite the writer to visit Thar. I am CEO of the company providing the free wifi and feel good about this. Come and visit and then give judgment.Recommend

  • Farheen

    U couldn’t deny the fact about PPP’s crime against their own voters and supporters. It is documented internationally. Recommend

  • Farheen

    You need to i crease your knowledge by reading the reports of onservation missions who along with ur PPP members went there N check what ur own party’s people accepted.Recommend

  • Farheen

    You need to learn English to understand my articles which have een published all over, otherwise it was PPP’s tenure when Al-Qaida leader was found in Pakistan. Enough to know who were supporting terrorists. And no wi-Fi doesnt come in basic need in a drought affected area which has been neglected by their own representatives. Recommend

  • Binte Ali

    Another try to shmae the shameless PPP, they have ruined the legacy of Zulfiqar Bhutto. i was the staunch supporter of PPP, but now I have withdrawn my support from them seeing their awful governance.Recommend

  • Masud Hussnain

    A serious campign is needed to raise the awareness among the People of Interior Sindh that their own vote is putting them in miserable life. PPP should face trial in International court on the basis of crime against people of Pakistan.Recommend

  • Danish Kazi

    PPP is no more peoples party it’s parasite party in my opinion whose only task is to loot and plunder . Their own are not safe of their venom . Thar is one area which gets noticed for their incompetence. But the whole of Sindh presents a gory picture. Shameless it is that we are ruled by such .Recommend

  • Danish Kazi

    So what is ur interest in Thar? I am sure there is a commercial angle unless u r doing a pilot over thereRecommend

  • Parvez

    Your heart is in the right place…….but your argument is flawed. You have drawn a conclusion from patching together news items and most probably drawing room chatter …… Yes our leaders have failed not only the people of Thar but also of Karachi and more generally all of Pakistan and one does not expect much from them…….. so an answer, if not the only answer, is technology because it has the potential to change lives….and even if it’s a small change….its a welcome change.Recommend

  • liberal-lubna-fromLahore

    well u liberals are the ones who have demonised people of Thar for so long and now you are here yelling in our faces that its our fault they have no food and water?

    Its your fault. Please check yourselves before pointing fingers at others.Recommend

  • Patwari

    Signing up for English tutorials wont help you.
    Try learning Sindhi, the language of Baby Bhutto,
    and his abba,….. Mr.10% and his beloved sainted
    mother,..’The Mohtarma’ . Same Mohtarma who
    removed $1.79 billion dollars from the Pakland
    exchequer, during her two tenures on the throne.Recommend

  • Despicable Dude

    First try to save the minority in your own country.Recommend