When Nehru promised Kashmir freedom, why is India still in denial?

Published: October 9, 2016
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In 1995 the Outlook India magazine commissioned a survey in the Kashmir Valley. The Outlook-MODE poll found that “the quest for freedom in Kashmir remains undiminished”. PHOTO: TWITTER

India’s reluctance to any third party mediation in Kashmir is, at best, a juvenile attempt at distortion of history and denial of context. Deliberately ignoring historicity and context, the vast sections of Indian media are narrating fairy tales on Kashmir while cashing on falsehood, provocation, propaganda and vitriol with an aim to insult the intelligence of a common man in India and hoodwink international audiences.

India took the Kashmir case to the United Nations (UN). Nothing can be more ironic than the fact that it is India which is averse to the UN intervention on Kashmir issue. New Delhi’s denialism and its corporate media’s frozen mindsets are main impediments in the Kashmir resolution.

During M K Gandhi’s visit to Srinagar, the summer capital of Indian administered Kashmir, in August 1947, declared that he had,

“No hesitation in saying that the will of the Kashmiris was the supreme law in Kashmir and Jammu.” – (‘The Kashmir Dispute: 1947-2012’ by AG Noorani, p. 227)

On August 14, 1947, the erstwhile Jammu and Kashmir was one of the 562 princely states under the suzerainty of the British Crown which were not a part of British India. On the lapse of paramountcy on the transfer of power, Jammu and Kashmir became independent and was free to accede to either of the two dominions, Pakistan and India, or to remain independent.

Zahiruddin, Srinagar based veteran Kashmiri columnist, in one of his recent pieces argues that Jammu and Kashmir was an independent state from August 14, 1947, to October 26, 1947. Referring to an important case of 1953, ‘Magher Singh versus State of Jammu and Kashmir’, which was heard by a division bench of the State High Court, he writes that the bench comprising Janki Nath Wazir and Justice MA Shahmiri delivered a “landmark judgment”. The bench laid down that Jammu Kashmir was an independent state from August 14 to October 26, 1947.

In a broadcast to the Indian nation on November 2, 1947, independent India’s first Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, said,

“Let me make it clear that it has been our policy all along that where there is a dispute about the accession of a State to either Dominion, the decision must be made by the people of the State. It was in accordance with this policy that we added a proviso to the Instrument of Accession of Kashmir.” – (White Paper on Jammu and Kashmir, p. 45)

In his broadcast on All India Radio, the Indian Prime Minister also said,

“We have declared that the fate of Kashmir ultimately has to be decided by the people. That pledge we have given, and the Maharaja (Maharaja Hari Singh) has supported it, not only to the people of Kashmir but to the world. We will not, and cannot, back out of it.”

Prior to this, Nehru had assured the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, on October 31, 1947, that India’s pledge to hold a plebiscite in Kashmir on whether it should accede to India or Pakistan “is not merely a pledge to your government but also to the people of Kashmir and to the world.”

Sixty-nine years after partition, a plebiscite in Kashmir remains a moral imperative, besides being a democratic necessity. More so, after the renewed romantic rebellion and Palestinian-style Intifada post-Burhan Wani uprising spearheaded by the fifth generation of Kashmiris, which has resulted in the brutal killing of 92 unarmed civilians, 15,000 injuries, over 800 pellet injuries in the eyes, scores of blinding and maiming, 7000 arrests and registration of 2300 FIRs against youth, which mostly include teenagers, in Indian-administered Kashmir.

In 1995, the Outlook India magazine commissioned a survey in the Kashmir Valley. The Outlook-MODE poll found that “the quest for freedom in Kashmir remains undiminished”.

The poll established beyond doubt that the yearning for azaadi (freedom) remains as intense.

“A whopping 77 % are firm in their belief that a solution to the Kashmir problem does not lie within the framework of the Indian Constitution, and a clear 72% say categorically that it is independence alone which can bring peace in the violence-riven Valley.” – (Outlook India, Issue October 1995)

Ramchandra Guha, eminent Indian historian and political commentator, describes the present government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi as “most anti-intellectual” India has ever seen.

In an interview with NDTV’s Barkha Dutt in a programme Buck Stops Here in September 2016, public intellectual Guha, while speaking on identity politics drew parallels between the Kashmir issue and Tamils in Sri Lanka.

“The Sri Lankan’s treatment of Tamils is like the Indian treatment of Kashmiris — harsh, arbitrary, involving the excessive use of force and denying local autonomy. At the same time, those who are protesting against discrimination (both the Tamils in Sri Lanka and the Kashmiris in India), while they have legitimate grievances have expressed these grievances too much through the vehicle of armed struggle and the assassination of rivals and the purging of minorities, the Tamil Tigers purged Muslims and Kashmiri Muslims purged Kashmiri Pandits. It is a complex problem. The large party of the blame lies with the states, the Indian state and Sri Lankan state.”

There are lessons that can be drawn from the Northern Ireland example to resolve the Kashmir conflict that involves Kashmiri nationalism, identity, language, religion and geopolitics. With India as emerging global power, the rise of hyper nationalism is preventing the country from any meaningful resolution to conflict in Kashmir, making it an intractable geo-political dispute.

In case of Kashmir what seemingly renders it as ‘intractable’ is India’s flat refusal to any third-party mediation and colossal human rights abuses at the hands of the Indian army, paramilitary and regional police forces inside the disputed Himalayan region on a daily basis, and also because of Pakistan’s official claim on entire Kashmir and its “diplomatic, political and moral” support to the struggle of Kashmiris for “self-determination”.

Some parallels can be drawn between the two conflicts: Northern Ireland and Kashmir, both taking place within electoral democracies (United Kingdom and India). Firstly, like the violent guerrilla warfare between the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the British troops, there is an on-going armed rebellion against Indian rule in Kashmir since 1989.

Though the levels of violence have significantly dropped over the years, the deadly encounters between Kashmiri militants and the Indian army have not completely ended. Also, the IRA is in some ways comparable to the Jammu & Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), a pro-freedom group which launched the armed movement in 1989 and limited its role to political struggle after 1994.

Jammu & Kashmir Liberation Front, a former guerrilla outfit fighting for Kashmir’s independence, led by its chief commander, Mohammad Yasin Malik, announced a unilateral ceasefire on May 21, 1994, to pursue its struggle through political means. Around the same time, on August 31, 1994, the IRA announced “complete cessation of its military operations.”

Secondly, just as a draconian law, called the Special Powers Act (SPA), gave the authorities exceptional powers to arrest, detain without trial, and suppress political dissent in Northern Ireland, the Indian army has also been enjoying impunity and complete immunity from prosecution in Jammu & Kashmir under the shield of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) since June 1990.

The PDP-BJP government arrested Kashmir’s leading human rights defender Khurram Parvez under draconian Public Safety Act and also banned publication of a prominent Srinagar based English daily, Kashmir Reader, on flimsy grounds.

Brutal suppression to kill dissent in Kashmir has not worked for the last seven decades. It is unlikely to work in the future too. No country in the world has produced weapons that can kill genuine political aspirations. There is India’s denialism, language of power, media propaganda, war mongering and argument of military might, but Kashmiris have power in their argument.

It is in the larger national and strategic interest of both Pakistan and India to behave as mature democracies like the United Kingdom does and work together to pave the way for a referendum, under the auspices of an international body like the UN, in both parts of Kashmir divided by a bloody Line of Control (LoC). A referendum in Scotland and Brexit are recent examples of respecting people’s choices outside the fold of electoral democracy.

Gowhar Geelani

Gowhar Geelani

The author is a writer, journalist and political commentator from Srinagar, the South Asian Journalism Programme (SAJP) scholar 2015, the first Kashmiri to be selected as Munich Young Leader 2014. He has also served the Deutsche Welle, in Germany, as an editor. He tweets as @gowhargeelani

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • abhi

    Selective quoting is never a good arugment. The will of people was expressed when Jammu and Kashmir assembly represented by elected leaders had ratified the accession of Kashmir to India. The plebiscite under UN, which you asking for couldn’t happen because Pakistan did not withdraw its invading forces and returned to status quo (before 26th October 1947 state) Even now you see theatrics by Pakistani politiicans but you do not see them conducting any referendum in POK and Gilgit Baltistan.Recommend

  • Jasvinder Singh Marwaha

    Has the author read UN resolution 47 of 1948?Recommend

  • little children

    Author is confusing Referendum with Freedom….Nehru promised Referendum for whole kashmir, including POK.Recommend

  • vinsin

    Nehru is dead and so the people whom he promised. What Kashmiri were doing during those 17 yrs of Nehru rule? J&K was never an Independent country.
    Almost all Muslim majority countries in the world has produced weapons that can kill genuine political aspirations of non-Muslims.Recommend

  • Lutiya Dubiya

    You have very cunningly not pasted the points from UN resolution..Why everybody makes fools..atleast i am educated…UN resolution says..
    1.These are all advisory.
    2.Pakistan need to take out its army from POK and Occupied gilgit baltistan and than india will maintain a small army so that a plebiscite can happen.
    Did pakistan ever did so…NO..Infact it entered a third force named china in baltistan and is now making some highways…which it think can be use by her..

    Author keeps on bashing India…In POK…before you go for election…you have to swear that u consider kashmir as part of paksitan…and have u ever written about whats happening in muslim world..today itself saudis killed 150 +….please dont remain in state of denial..come out of it..see world through multiculturism and not just through lenses of islam…May god keep all Indian and pakistanis sehatmand….Recommend

  • BlackHat

    Nehru promised freedom. And you invaded even before his promise and a couple times after. Recommend

  • AAMIR

    Because nehru is gone and so with him the commitment in todays world when border do not change live in india and have freedom to elect and right to live in india or through stones and die with protestor,even if for 1000 year kashmiri youth want to through stones they can do that and ruin there lifes or assimilate in the society and struggle for better job and future and make kashmir great and peaceful again.
    Mind you only and only kashmir vally is in termoil niether jammu nor leh ladakh,nor shia want to be part of this where there tourism buisness is destroyed by stone pelting,want worshipping youth who create havoke in whole kashmirRecommend

  • R. Subramanian

    For that Pakistan has to vacate the occupied territory and give it back to India and China also should vacate the occupied Kashmir, without asking China and Pakistan to vacate the occupied Kashmir, the author is asking India to conduct the referendum is unfair.Recommend

  • Bairooni Haath

    Kashmir is free, besides who was Nehru to promise anything to anybody. If you don’t like it, move to Pakistan, it was created for Muslims like you.Recommend

  • Chopra TP

    Nehru never promised “Freedom” to Kashmir. The headline is such BS that reading rest is meaningless.Recommend

  • crimean tatar

    Because Nehru family is not calling the shots anymore…Kashmir is India’s forever…Recommend

  • Tommy Gunn

    India is not in denial about what Nehru said, India just does not care about what Nehru said about Kashmir as they were his personal views & he did not sign on any Agreement with Pakistan as the Prime Minister of India. But Bhutto did sign on an Agreement with India more than 20 years after Nehru’s comments & that Agreement called the Shimla Agreement made Kashmir a bilateral issue between India & Pakistan and hence made the UN Resolutions of 1948 ‘Null & Void’. In fact the UN has removed Jammu & Kashmir from its listed disputes. So its Pakistan which is in denial about the fact that neither the UN nor any other third party will interfere in Jammu & Kashmir.Recommend

  • Keyboard Soldier

    This is what happens if your source of information is Pakistan Studies. Article 47 of the UN states that Pakistan’s military has to vacate its part of the Kashmir, BEFORE, a referendum can take place.

    The GHQ needs an enemy to keep Pakistani civilians under their control. They do NOT want a solution the Kashmir issue because it will eviscerate their need.Recommend

  • Raj – USA

    Even if what was claimed to have been promised by Nehru was not kept, what was promised by Jinnah was also not kept.

    Author also mentions Brexit as an example. British voted to get out of EU for the one main reason that was of EU was allowing muslim refugees to settle in EU. Brexit vote is an expression of hate/dislike for muslims. Another news in today’s ET says that the expressions of hate against muslims in UK increased 42% just after Brexit vote. In Germany, Angela Merkel has lost all her popularity and is facing electoral defeat because she wanted to allow muslim refugees in Germany. In USA, Trump who had no party support was able to become nominee of Republican Party as its presidential candidate for the only reason that he has spoken against muslims. Though he spoke against latinos and blacks too, they did not matter and Trump kept on making strides because his anti-muslim message echoed with a huge section of Americans. Who are these Hurriyat asking for freedom of Kashmir. They are the ones that are shouting in solgens supporting and praising Pakistan and ISIS islamic terrorists, together in one breath and also raising flags of Pakistan and ISIS simultaneously. Kashmir issue is purely that a small section of muslims in Kashmir want separation for the one and only reason that Kashmir has a muslim majority. Not one of the examples quoted by the author has any such similarity.Recommend

  • sParthiv

    well nehru was was joking. He had his fingers crossed. Irony is you people didnt
    get his sense of humor.Recommend

  • Ajay

    Shame on the people who misuse religion for dividing people and country. India has suffered untold misery due to these people during one partition. But these blood thirsty people want more. It will never happen. Better mind your own business.Recommend

  • karunakarnarayan

    lot of water have flown through the jhelum , at that time people did not realize that they would be jeopardizing the culture of ladakh and jammu if kashmir or the valley was give independance. jawarharlal was some wishful thinker as far as kashmir was involved and he only made mistakes. it is impossible to allow th valley to dominate the politics and culture of kashmir and the govt of india has to seethatRecommend

  • raj

    who r u to say it is free thenRecommend

  • raj

    then India shud vacate Hyderabad which it got using forceRecommend

  • raj
  • raj

    and u r killing your own people now..Recommend

  • raj

    u keep kashmir.. atleast dont kill people thereRecommend

  • Rambo

    no power on the earth can undo Kashmir with India. It is an integral part of India. More over, It is globalized world who so ever not agree with Indian constitution to move out into their deserious territory.Recommend

  • Rambo

    Nehru is not around anymore. matter closed !Recommend

  • Khan

    Did you say Nehru? Was he the same gentleman who was India’s Prime Minister too? I don’t think they remember him at all.Recommend

  • vinsin

    Nehru changed that latter and said only part of India is disputed and occupied and he wanted to held plebiscite or give it to Pakistan. It was Shyam Prasad Mukherjee who didnt allow him.Recommend

  • vinsin

    That is called Muslim character, after fighting for partition for 4 generations they never moved to Pakistan.Recommend

  • Vaarun

    as of now kashmir is not even on discussion table.. thousand year war has just started.. takes time.. lot of time..Recommend

  • Sane

    Kashmir is India’s forever.

    Never, never and never. Indian occupied Kashmir is to liberate. Same with Khalistan.Recommend

  • mimi sur

    India is not Nehru and Nehru is not India .Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    Kashmir has always been part of Pakistan. Kashmir the Muslim majority state was awarded to Pakistan under the British Partition Agreement that the Government of India signed. Indian cross border state sponsored terrorism is why India is occupying a part of Pakistan.Recommend

  • Mohammed Nazakit

    So much rubbish in these comment sections. Let me be clear to you as a Kashmiri who live in POK and has family spread all over Kashmir. The majority of our people want independence, however as this is not an option. We would vote to join Pakistan because of many reasons. The main reason been the oppression that we have faced from Indian armed forces and the amount of hatred we are subject to by their media and “religious” parties.Recommend

  • 19640909rk .

    will you personally ensure that the Kashmiri pundits chased away from the valley will be relocated back in their own homes?Recommend

  • Milind A

    Watch out for your Baluchistan.. Just like Bangladesh, it will break free as you try to overextend yourselves on Kashmir.. Also Peshawar belongs to Afghanistan – the Durrand line is artificial construct.Recommend

  • shaan

    Since he was not aware of Pakistan’s power of producing so many IT (International Terrorists)Recommend

  • VINAYAK U

    ok. will you stop exporting terrorists ?Recommend

  • Abhijeet

    Since you insinuate about UNSC and India’s supposed obligations ad nauseam, let me ask you – Was Pakistan created by self determination of its people? Assuming the answer is Yes, (No would be disastrous anyhow), exactly what has Pakistan accomplished other than being a nuisance to the whole world? Do you wish the same kind of self determination for Kashmir – where not a single cinema house runs movies. India doesn’t want such a “free” nation near its boundaries any more. One Pakistan is enough trouble.Recommend

  • Rambo

    Keep dreaming ! Even Allah tallah wants Kashmir to be intact with India.Recommend

  • Rahul Vaidya

    As far as India is now concerned…Nehru is long dead and nobody cares about his narratives more. Kashmir is part of India and we dare anybody to try and take it from us. That’s it!!! Anybody is free to try and take on India on this. We will see after that!! Jai Hind!!Recommend

  • bikash

    Nehru never said that Indian part is disputed and should be given to Pakistan or held plebiscite…atleast don’t lie so bluntly…Recommend

  • bikash

    Before Nehru promised anything it was Pakistan which invaded Kashmir to snatch it away…what right you have of talking about Kashmiri welfare?Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    Some Indian commentators including Indian political leadership are Schizophrenic. The mental illness called Schizophrenia can be observed when a person is seen talking to people who don’t exist, hearing voices that don’t exist, believing facts that don’t exist. The facts are Kashmir was invaded by India using military force. This fact shows Kashmir was never a part of India, why would a country invade another country, if as it claims it was a part of that country. Countries don’t go about invading themselves. Hitler’s invasion of Czechoslovakia, the onset of World War Two based on Hitler’s Schizophrenic state of mind, is identical to the Indian invasion of Kashmir. Substitute the term “Germans” with “Hindus” Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia “to save the Germans” India invaded Kashmir “to save the Hindus” Every Indian who repeats the schizophrenic delusional lie and in Nazi fashion using troops against civilians to suppress their protests has to realize the extent to which their mental illness will result in wide scale deaths. No reasonable person, American, Chinese, Pakistani, Kashmiri can be expected to allow mentally ill schizophrenic Indians to shoot civilians to impose their insanity on Kashmir. Pakistan, China and Kashmiris have shown admirable restraint in the face of Nazi policies of India. Indians need to realize they need medical mental health treatment not bullets.Recommend

  • Akash Ekka

    I am not an expert on writing articles emphasising a point.But I know a simple fact that one has to at least mention the alternate possibility in any debate,in this case Pakistan keeping and fanning the Kashmir fire and are no more well wisher than India.Recommend

  • https://www.ayazahmed99.in Tom Freeland

    This Author is perfectly foolish , UN resolution could’t be implemented as Pakistan never fulfilled first criteria ,Pakistan never withdrew its troops to prevent holding Plebiscite ,As at that time Kashmir’s tallest and most popular leader Sheikk Abdullah was India’s friend and Pakistan thought withdrawing troops means fulfilling first criteria of UNO ,which further may call for holding plebiscite and it steregised not to withdraw troops till validity of Plebiscite exists in Presence of Sheikh Abdullah is alive ..But now since over 75 years lapsed means 3 generations have passed which virtually make plebiscite promised as dead as it was not promised to present generation …hence Pakistan started making noise for plebiscite knowing fully it is dead and it’ll never b held in next 100 years at leastRecommend

  • DAFT

    Unlike Pakistan, India is not RULED by DICTATORS. A single person cannot decide what or what not happens in India. We have democracy. Try it for once.Recommend

  • little children

    no wonder why pakistanis believe moon landing was fake…lol.

    when you lie, don’t do it to the extent that no one believes you. Nehru went to the UN complaining about Pakistans illegal occupation and promised to held referundum in POK.Recommend

  • little children

    no wonder why maximum terrorist attack happening around the world are Muslims….Recommend

  • numbersnumbers

    All can go to Wikipedia and search for “Indian Independence Act of 1947”! Look to the section titled “princely states” to see that such entities were given the choice of remaining independent or joining either Pakistan or India!
    NOWHERE does it award Kashmir to Pakistan!Recommend

  • Jor El

    Yo, then what am i supposed to do with my house in Hyderabad ???Recommend

  • Jor El

    “Kashmir the Muslim majority state was awarded to Pakistan under the
    British Partition Agreement that the Government of India signed.”
    Care to quote the British Partition Agreement ?Recommend

  • Dushmann

    What does someone with name ‘geelani’ has to do with Kashmir? ‘Geelani’ province is in Iran.Recommend

  • wb

    AlrightRecommend

  • wb

    Majority of which people? Shia Kashmiris? Sufi Kashmiris? Barelvi Kashmiris? Christian Kashmiris? Buddhist Kashmiris? Hindu Kashmiris? Jain Kashmiris? Sikh Kashmiris? Deobandi Kashmiris? Ahle Hadith Kashmiris? Wahabi Kashmiris?

    Which Kashmiris? Kashmir is an occupied land. Kashmir and the whole of Pakistan is an occupied land. It is Hindu land occupied by Sunni extremists.

    So, either learn to live in peace with us or get out or get killed. There is no other option for extremist terrorists.Recommend

  • Akshay

    Let’s assume Nehru promised. The fact is today’s Kashmir is so different to the kashmir in nehru’s time. Today’s Kashmir 1/2 with india, 1/3 with Pak, 1/4 with China. So as you see today’s Kashmir is not Nehru’s Kashmir so the assumption that he promised ..is irrelevant. That’s why India denies.Recommend

  • PatelPara

    can you share the ink of UN resolution?Recommend

  • PatelPara

    Sorry your only option is India.Recommend

  • Sharath Chandra

    Please read the UN resolutions before you again make a fool of yourselfRecommend

  • Mushtaq Nissar

    What is Kashmir?? It is a land locked region (which can not survive without the support of neighboring states).
    Presently Kashmir is a big burden on Indian and if we will take it over, how are we going to handle such big burden??
    Do we have any our own money to support those Kashmiris??
    Can we take care of the Kashmiris better than India??
    We Pakistanis should be happy with what we have. Otherwise in the struggle to take Kashmir, we will lose either Balochistan or Sindh.Recommend

  • numbersnumbers

    Second try past the moderators!
    The Indian independence act of 1947 gave the State of Jammu and Kashmir the right to remain independent or join either Pakistan or India!
    Nowhere in any partition agreement is Kashmir “Awarded” to Pakistan!Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    Nonsense, Kashmir like all Muslim majority states was awarded to Pakistan. The Hindu ruler of Kashmir asked India to invade I’m violation of the British Partition Agreement. That was the law of India until Indians dishonestly changed their laws. The British Partition Agreement is still the law on the United Kingdom because the Brits are not dishonest like Indians.Recommend

  • Sane

    What about the surgical strike. Your army could not get vacated till three days a govt. building occupied by two persons only. Surgical strike, if your army is able to understand need courage, competency and planning. But, they lack in these. Pakistan army is rated as the best in world.Recommend

  • Sane

    Basically India is the occupied land. This is land of Muslims and Muslim ruled India.Recommend

  • Sane

    before that you started killing your people since 1947 and still you are killing in Kashmir.Recommend

  • Sane

    Since Muslims have a history of ruling India for 800 years. 1000 is just 200 years more.Recommend

  • VINAYAK U

    who r u to say who r uRecommend

  • raj

    that is the point.. we finger point each other and don’t solve our problemsRecommend

  • raj

    and where is the proof ?? Recommend

  • raj

    ur army is so useless that it can’t stop ppl coming from pakistan from border.. u shud first question ur defenceRecommend

  • VINAYAK U

    ask your father who is trying to infiltrate in POKRecommend

  • raj

    is ur father watching movies on the borderRecommend

  • raj

    dont worry it will be independent country.. much better then what it is nowRecommend

  • VINAYAK U

    unlike ur fatherRecommend

  • Abrar

    Firstly, Nehru clearly promised a referendum,
    Secondly, Kashmir was not not part of British or before part of India,
    Occupation of India in Kashmir is illegal.
    India and Pakistan have to understand the will of Kashmiri people,
    We both side kashmiri cannot accept the occupation in foreign countries,
    A large scale if impunity and immunity commenting by Indian forces which is worse brutality And state terrorism with kashmiri people,
    We do not like militancy either side,
    We are and have been looking political solution ,
    Obviously 85 years has gone, the level patience has gone now in youth,
    Freedom is basic and fundamental right for every human being,
    We cannot compromise less than freedom,
    Once we use the right of self determination we have three options , either Pakistan, India or free and independent Kashmir.Recommend

  • Mushtaq Nissar

    Nehru himself was a Kashmiri Pandit. Why would he promise to let go Kashmir?? For that matter, Iqbal’s grand parents were Kashmiri Pandits too.
    Kashmir originally was a Hindu state which but due to mass conversion & immigration, its religious demography has changed.
    India wants to kick out out all the unIndian muslims from Kashmir. That;s all.Recommend

  • anish

    right now doing plebiscite in whole Kashmir people are going to vote for INDIA. against PAKISTAN .
    people look to there future and then vote. and the future lies with INDIA .
    Recommend

  • Allah Rakha

    Let’s get over the rhetorical part rather quickly 1947 blah blah.. coming to facts Azad Kashmir doesn’t speak Kashmiri language and there are mostly 90% Punjabi/Pashto speaking people who were told to settle by the then Army of Pakistan in Azad Kashmir to fufill Pakistan’s propaganda and trying to call it Azad Kashmir..(hilarious but true story).. there is not even an iota of Kashmiri population who can speak the original Kashmiri language which is spoken in the Srinagar valley. I think it’s high time when all the information about Kashmir’s future/present/past and it is quite evident that India should have the complete right and control over the whole of Jammu and Kashmir (including GB, AK). Secondly, I have a very basic question.. why Pakistan is after only Kashmir? What will Pakistan do with Kashmir? If they are so pious and righteous for the cause of getting Kashmir because they are Muslims.. then they Pakistan should also fight for Afghanistan, Iran and try to occupy that as well, because they are Muslim countries too? Why not cry over Bangladesh and try to merge it back?? Why Kashmir and what can they do with it except make it part of their Banana republic.Recommend

  • Likson Lazar

    What is the opinion about the Kashmiri Pandits? where are they in the picture?
    The people who are protesting with India should leave India and go to Pakistan. The current situation is like the space given to Camel and the persons who let them in came out. What is the problem with India? i am an Indian Christian. We are minority in our country but we are not cornered like what is happening else where. There is no trouble in India unless you are inviting it yourself to your home. Don`t try to take somebody`s belongings. You may loss what is yous.Recommend

  • Jor El

    You haven’t answered my question …Recommend

  • uttam

    india does not run on the opinion of historian like ram chandra guha. these are historian only to write distorted history of india. the world knows very well that india has not occupied kashmir foribly otherwise kashmir would not have been independent upto oct 26 1947 as you claim. kashmir must have been part of india before 14 august 1947 like other princely states. you have to accept that kashmir is integral part of india if you dream of kashmir be a part of pakistan in far future pakistan will suffer al lot. Many pakistani scholar intellectuals believe that pakistan should leave kashmir dream forever. you should listen to those intellectuals than to ram chandra guhaRecommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    The Indians would not have invaded Kashmir if it was part of India, the Indian invasion is clear evidence it is part of Pakistan.Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    The Partition Agreement that was deleted by Indian politicians the minute they got independence to cover their duplicity. The Partition Agreement is UK law to this day. Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    What choice? The Indian INVASION of Kashmir is not choice of any kind. Muslim majority states like Kashmir, Baluchistan, NWFP, Sindh were DEFACTO awarded to Pakistan by the DEJURE terms of the Partition Agreement. Indians know these facts and law. Recommend

  • Jor El

    Ok, so do u have the original copy of the Partition Agreement, the one not “deleted” by Indian politicians …Recommend

  • raj

    Yes… you will be better served in independent state then indianRecommend

  • RS

    Talk sense. Even Jinnah promised to take all Muslims to Pakistan, why don’t take them first then talk about Kashmir. How many times we will give land of our beloved country in the name of Muslims plebiscite. Come talk about Hindu plebiscite, do we want Muslims in India when we already gave Pakistan and Bangladesh and now demand for Kashmir.Recommend

  • rationalist

    Kashmir has been Hindu/Buddhist land for over 5000 years. The only occupiers are the Muslims who claim Arab. Persian, Turkic and Central Asian ancestry. They need to go back to where their ancestors came fromRecommend

  • rationalist

    Those UN resolutions were superseded when, in 1954, the Kashmir assembly passed a unanimous resolution that all of Kashmir is a integral part of India.Recommend

  • vinsin

    Nope Nehru complained about India not Pakistan. You have never read India complain in UN, have you?
    It was shyam prasad Mukherjee who stopped referendum in IOK.
    Nehru accepted Dixon Plan, making of dams in Pakistan and supported korakoram highway.
    He also signed Indus Water Treaty which supports Jhelum formula.
    Nehru gave multiple speeches on occupation by India and even passed article 370.
    How Nehru can hold Pakistan administered Kashmir?
    How Pakistan having J&K is illegal but India’s legal?Recommend

  • vinsin

    Nope Nehru complained about India not Pakistan. You have never read India complain in UN, have you?
    It was shyam prasad Mukherjee who stopped referendum in IOK.
    Nehru accepted Dixon Plan, making of dams in Pakistan and supported korakoram highway.
    He also signed Indus Water Treaty which supports Jhelum formula.
    Nehru gave multiple speeches on occupation by India and even passed article 370.
    How Nehru can hold Pakistan administered Kashmir?
    How Pakistan having J&K is illegal but India’s legal?
    http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/They-can-file-a-charge-posthumously-against-Jawaharlal-Nehru-too-Arundhati-Roy/article15718475.eceRecommend