We will never forget nor ever forgive you, Mr Bhutto

Published: April 4, 2016

Foreign Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto at the United Nations Security Council meeting in 1971. PHOTO: BHUTTO.ORG

Foreign Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto at the United Nations Security Council meeting in 1971. PHOTO: BHUTTO.ORG We know of course that you made many mistakes, mistakes which proved costly to you and to the country. PHOTO: STRUGGLE.COM

It’s been 37 years since that morning when we awoke to find that you were no more among us. We were shocked beyond belief, although there were many who rejoiced that you had gotten what (in their opinion) you richly deserved. Like you, we never believed that they would hang you. Like you, we were convinced that Libya and UAE would prevail upon Ziaul Haq to send you into exile. But you had burnt your boats. There was only one grave and Zia knew that if he spared you, that grave would be his home for all eternity.

There have been times when we have wondered what kind of man you were. We know, of course, that you made many mistakes, mistakes which proved costly to you and to the country. But more of that later.

Let’s begin when you were around 30. You wrote that infamous letter to Iskander Mirza in which you said,

“Sir, history will record that you were a great man, greater even than Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah”.

Really? How could you even compare Mirza with the great Quaid? Okay, let’s overlook this. You were a young man in a hurry – you flattered the man so he could make you a minister.

But then, you did not oppose Ayub Khan’s coup. You even joined him as a minister.


If you were a real democrat, you’d never have supported a dictator like him. It’s not as if you didn’t have a choice. Oh, I forgot. You wanted to be great; you wanted to be powerful, so you had to support him.

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto with General Ayub Khan. Photo: Dawn Library

In 1965, you got the country embroiled in a war which saw Lahore almost falling to the enemy. You should have had the foresight to anticipate that the Indians would never take the loss of Kashmir lying down. Fortunately, our brave armed forces repulsed the enemy and the country was saved.

Fast forward to 1968, you ditched Ayub, you made a brouhaha about the Tashkent Declaration (without telling us why that bothered you), you founded a new political party and you promised the masses what you knew you could never give. The poor were taken in by your slogan ‘roti, kapra, makaan’. The poor masses of Sindh and Punjab gave you their votes because they were duped. Did you really believe you could give a house to each and every poor man in the country? How could the people ever forgive you for deceiving them?

Then there was your role in the break-up of the country. You refused to accept the results of the 1970 elections, in which Mujibur Rehman emerged the winner. All you had to do was to accept gracefully and allow him to form the government.

Yet, you objected when Yahya Khan called him the future prime minister saying that a man who until the day before had been described as a traitor, was now being considered to be the prime minister. Realising that you could never be prime minister as long as East Pakistan was part of the country, you asked that power should be handed over to Mujib in East Pakistan, and you should form the government in West Pakistan, in your notorious ‘idhar hum, udhar tum’ speech.

That was the day when Jinnah’s Pakistan died, Mr Bhutto.


And when the National Assembly session was scheduled to be held in Dhaka, you threatened to break the legs of any of your party members who went there to attend (because that would have ensured the election of Mujibur Rehman as the prime minister of the country).

Left to right: Chaudhry Fazal Elahi, Sheikh Mujibur Rehman and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Photo: AP

After that, matters got out of hand and Mujib was jailed. Yet in the nine months between March and December 1971, you could have played a decisive role and saved the country. You could have demanded that Mujib be released and the crisis be resolved. But no, you wanted to be prime minister at all costs, you did nothing, and so the inevitable happened. But even when the Indians had invaded the country, and adoption of the Polish resolution could have spared us the humiliation our army suffered, you made sure that the country would be dismembered. You tore up the resolution and walked out of the Security Council. Mr Bhutto, we can never forget that moment in our history. The loss of East Pakistan may not have meant much to you, but it was a death blow to those of us who loved the country.

Your supporters say that you were a democrat.

You, a democrat?

You were the most autocratic leader the country had ever had until then. You violated your own Constitution a few hours after it was adopted, suspending fundamental rights. And when you were in prison, you appointed your wife to lead your party, despite there being many competent persons around you. Would a democrat ever have dismissed the legally elected governments of Balochistan and K-P (previously known as NWFP) without due process?

And there is much more that we cannot forget, Mr Bhutto.

All countries of the world had admired Pakistan for its industrialisation, since it had started from scratch in 1947, and in about 25 years, it had become a country for nations like South Korea to emulate. You nationalised industries and almost every successful enterprise that existed. This was another death blow to what remained of Pakistan. All the inefficiency and corruption we see today in government, in the steel millsin PIA, have their roots in the destructive policies of your reign in those days. No, Sir, we can never forget nor forgive you for what you did to Pakistan.

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Shakir Lakhani

Shakir Lakhani

Engineer, former visiting lecturer at NED Engineering College, industrialist, associated with petroleum/chemical industries for many years. Loves writing, and (in the opinion of most of those who know him), mentally unbalanced. He tweets @shakirlakhani (twitter.com/shakirlakhani)

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • Shah (Berlin)

    This is how an engineer writes…simple, do the point with no fancy words…A perfect summary of Bhutto era…Recommend

  • Fahimuddin

    A leader who ruined Pakistan through communism.Recommend

  • Awais

    Just today morning knowing everything i was wondering why not anybody in media or on media tells us what he did wrong, why everybody is so threatened to talk about his negatives as if they may end of being accused of blasphemy… But here you go Mr. Lakhani love your piece to bits…. We should know facts straight to assess what to do next….Recommend

  • Bill gates

    Over all, well written.. Likes 👍🏼Recommend

  • wb

    Good one. Bhutto, by any measure, is the enemy. He’s not just the enemy of Pakistan, he’s the enemy of humanity and everything good that the humanity stands for.Recommend

  • Patwari

    Bhuttos are like the Firouns of Egypt. [Pharoahs]
    The Cult of the Dead still thrives in Sindh. Very very
    similar to the Egyptian Society. Everything was connected
    to DEATH there. Just as it is in Sindh. As PPP is the Party
    of Dead People. The Graveyard at Gahi Khuda Baksh. is
    their main “ashiana”
    The Bhutto Pharoanic dynasty is still on the the throne
    at Larkana. Until a usurper comes along and overthrows the
    current pharoah,….. Baby Bhutto.Recommend

  • Waqar

    Very biased view of a narrow minded engineer with no light shed on why these steps were taken back then. Only a couple of good points. This piece just infuses more hatred for those who are unaware of the true facts of that era. A lot went wrong after Bhutto’s era because of the fact that no one was capable enough to execute the strategy he had for Pakistan. But let’s just say it’s easier to blame anyone who cannot stand up for an argument. Recommend

  • Amin Daha

    well written article.Recommend

  • Abdullah Umer Khan Lodhi

    The energy you put up in dumping the whole era of ZAB would be spent on somewhere else.Bhutto will remain Bhutto.Recommend

  • Shahid_Hussain_Raja

    Import-substitution industrialization in the 1950s was by default because of severe shortages of the consumer goods, providing lucrative incentives for the private sector for establishing consumer goods industries. During Ayub era it was by design. It had no doubt put Pakistan on the trajectory of rapid growth but had now run its steam and its negative after effects were emerging. Capital goods industry had been totally neglected due to easy availability of profitability in a protected market for consumer goods. Proverbial shyness of the private sector to avoid unnecessary risks and lack of finances at their disposal to establish capital goods industries had led to a lopsided industrial structure.

    1960s was the time to start rectifying this anomaly but it was lost. Foreign assistance coupled with generous fiscal and non-fiscal concessions to the industrialists during the Ayub period continued the same pattern of industrial development with few exceptions. There was excess capacity impeding against competitiveness of the goods produced to export. Lastly, rising inflation in the western countries had made the import of capital goods expensive beyond the capacity of the private sector. Coupled with the decline in international demand for Pakistani goods put a seal on the viability not to speak of their expansion. The nationalized units brought with them accumulated losses of Rs.254 million. These could have survived only due to heavy injection of finance by the state.

    Bhutto regime tried to redress this imbalance and started it by nationalisation of heavy industry and brought it into the fold of public ownership immediately after seizing reins of the government in January 1972.Less than 20% of the total industrial structure, these thirty-one industrial units were fewer than ten categories of basic industries, mostly capital and intermediate goods producing sector. Thus most of the privately owned industrial units being in the consumer goods sectors remained unaffected by the nationalization. If not nationalised, these would have anyway died of their own death because of their heavy debt profile and stoppage of foreign aid which was their main source of establishment and survival.Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, convicted and executed for murder, after threatening to kill the judges during the murder trial. His party continues to call him “shaheed Bhutto” in a complete mockery of intelligence.Recommend

  • Keyboard Soldier

    Bhutto was as bad as Zia, just without the uniform.Recommend

  • mas

    Hats off to Mr. Lakhani for writing such a concise piece on so called Quaid I Awam. This man was nothing other than a hypocrite and power monger the person who inflicted irreparable damage to Pakistan.Recommend

  • Nomad1412

    I was going to refute your statement, “In 1965, you got the country embroiled in a war which saw Lahore almost falling to the enemy. Fortunately, our brave armed forces repulsed the enemy and the country was saved.” But then I read this in the end of your article, “Loves writing, and (in the opinion of most of those who know him), mentally unbalanced.”Recommend

  • DrSyedah

    Indeed the perfect article I read so far !
    Thank you Sir.Recommend

  • Asif ( Dubai )

    Though the writing is not that much bad but lack of many facts and figures. This is because of some reasons , which affect the writer personally by butto Era and Writer was being brought up in such frustration which can we feel in people of Bangladesh in present days .
    May the grieving could have minimized .Recommend

  • Abdullah

    Every single word is ultimate truth.Recommend

  • Virk

    True, but one credit must go to him for the Nuclear Programme support and patronage, come what may.Recommend

  • Humanoids

    Ok Bhutto wrote a fancy letter to Iskaner Mirza (a dictator) who was exiled by his Selectee Ayub Khan. Thats what all politicians do even IK did it but both retracted. People blame IM for the first martial law, but support Ayub, Yahya, Zia and Mush shows they actually want to save the usurpors.
    Lakhani sahab it was the MILITARY who never accepted the results of 1970. If they were so pious they could hve hung him there and then. “The defence of East Pak lies in the West Pak” is not a Bhutto statement. ZAB was a scape goat of that drama, its hero’s all lived namely Yahya who was even given a full military burial by none other than Mard e Momin.
    Military did not want a strong political leader, PNA drama was launched and rest is history. Today we have religious extremism and MQM! Good luck!
    HEre is A G NOORANI on Polish Resolution “Political exploitation of the famous “Polish Resolution” in the U.N. Security Council in December 1971 during the War by critics of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto has led a similar reaction by his admirers. There is another school as well. It comprises of an official with a marked bent for scholarship and two diplomats of outstanding calibre who served during that period. Sultan Mohammed Khan, as Foreign Secretary, and Jamsheed Marker as Ambassador to the Soviet Union. Both hold that the Polish Resolution would have been of no help to Pakistan in its hour of need. Tersely put, the Resolution provided for a direct transfer of power from Islamabad to Dhaka; for the withdrawal of Pakistan’s forces as well as India’s forces and a return to the status quo ante bellum. Not a single prisoner of war would have been held by either side nor an inch of the territory of the adversary State. The cease-fire line would have stayed put. There would have been no surrender of Pakistan’s forces to the Indian Command. And there would have been no Simla Agreement, either.
    Surely gains like these were not to be sniffed at in December 1971 nor dismissed in 2012. One looks in vain for a careful and detailed study of the text of the Resolution in the context in which it was tabled, whether in Pakistan or in India.”Recommend

  • http://www.luqmankhan.com/ Luqman Khan

    What a read after a while.Recommend

  • https://ii-umich.academia.edu/AllyAdnan Ally Adnan

    A wonderful, accurate and no-nonsense analysis.Recommend

  • Numan Khan

    Sir Please read the Murder of History by K.K Aziz. I think you wrote what you have studied in the Muasharti Uloom of Pakistan.It’s not your fault. the whole history is fed wrong in us.Recommend

  • Zahid

    The author did not mention the release of almost 92000 pakistani soldiers ?

    The author furthermore did not mention general Ayubs false play in rigging elections against Fatima Ali Jinnah ? And then his policies are applauded tc etc

    There is a list , but lets not get into that , mistakes were made , but the argument should be balanced Recommend

  • Zahoorul Haq

    100 percent true. I have been witness to all this. Recommend

  • Wajihuddin Qazi

    I dont know why there are still people admiring and idealizing such traitors. Sometimes stupidity can be as fatal as the terrorism in a country.Recommend

  • Dr. Ahmed Ali Khan

    Was hanged for being a murderer just like Mumtaz Qadri! Deserved it as much as Mumtaz Qadri as wellRecommend

  • Kamrul Miah

    I’ve always thought it was odd how [many] Pakistanis revered ZAB. There is the notion that he single-handedly set in motion the events that led to the creation of Pakistan’s atomic bomb. But all indications are that even without his efforts, Pakistan would have become nuclear-armed anyway. Forget the East Pakistan debacle, which should never really have been part of Pakistan anyway. Just look at what he did to Pakistan’s economy, by nationalizing previously competitive private industries. If there is any man that seems to have had a legend grow up around non-accomplishments, it would be ZAB.Recommend

  • Ravian

    A true depiction of life and political career of a man that people in Pakistan literally worshipped. This is the kind that the Pakistani people choose as their leaders, condone their flaws and praise them for the things that they never did.Recommend

  • Fahad

    Allhamdulilah. somebody had the guts to call out a thug a thug. Yes Bhutto is still alive… alive in the form of the misery of Sindh, the delapitated industries, the corrupt beauracracy, the money in the pockets of politicians. Recommend

  • Desi

    Finally….one person who shares the same point of view as me. Great Piece of work sir.Recommend

  • Kamran Ali

    Bhutto was a complex person and this article is a disservice to his legacy. It takes liberty with facts, using particular sayings and events to prove its point and ignoring others that may undermine the argument. Again, Bhutto may have had major faults, but this is a disingenuous portrayal. Just take the issue of Bangladesh, let’s be clear… whatever the allegations against Bhutto, he was not the President of the country between January and December of 1971. Bhutto did not postpone the calling of the national assembly twice after the December 1970 elections, those who were in power did. Let’s not play fast and loose with history just because we do not like someone… be fair.Recommend

  • AH

    I agree 100%. I can’t believe so many well informed and reasonable thinking people totally overlook all the damage Bhutto has caused in just trying to come into power. He is totally responsible for Dec 1971 because he couldn’t accept that he lost to Mujib ur Rehman. Everyone needs to stop treating him like some great saint. He may have had many followers and even great ideas on paper. Maybe even a good vision for Pakistan. But he was very power hungry and his “mai” was more important for him than Pakistan. That’s how I see it.Recommend

  • Anwaar

    well socialism it was …however fake socialism was imposed by BhuttoRecommend

  • sattar rind

    you knowing nothing about the Pakistan and its history and intriguing politics which was introduced by the immigrants who started ruling this country. this is all being repeated by JI since long time who destroyed this country almost. fixed mind.Recommend

  • Najeeb Shah

    capitalism isnt any better eitherRecommend

  • Naseer Akhter

    I agree with the writer but not with the bit about ” not forgiving”. Recommend

  • M Waqas Sajid

    Great article !
    I agree 100% with Shakir Lakhani Sb.
    Yet, we see Bhutto everywhere in Pakistan..
    Pity the nation.. :(Recommend

  • Ajay

    Sir, Bhutto did not kill Jinnah’s dream of Pakistan. The theory of creating a Nation just because people follow the same religion was a fallacy which was bound to fail. In todays world, democracy, secularism and a broad minded attitude to keep people of various cultures and religions togethar is the only way to form a thriving and progressive society. India is a shining example of this which the whole World acknowledges. However Pakistan and Muslims have the medieval mindset of brotherhood on the basis of religion is the most outdated and self destructive theory.Recommend

  • infidel

    in the opinion of those qho know him, mentally unbalanced. wowRecommend

  • Imtiaz

    Agree 100%. I wish he would have been hung atleast 16 years ealier.Recommend

  • http://about.me/utg001 utg001

    forgiveness is for those who ask for it, comparing Bhutto to Musharraf, I cannot see any reason how Musharraf could have put more damage to Pakistan than Bhutto himself, Musharraf did not claim that the judges debacle was a mistake on his part and I sort of see his point, he admitted NRO and the deal with Benazir and Nawaz was a mistake and he asked for forgiveness. Bhutto on the other hand actively went ahead and divided Pakistan. Now I can see why Musharraf “might” have called Benazir and Nawaz back, because he knew he was going and the country needed some sort of leader with experience, Bhutto just straight out refused to follow constitution and give the PM seat to a East Pakistan party and threatened any of his supporters.
    I’m sorry, but as things are, it is easier for me to forgive Musharraf than Bhutto.Recommend

  • Alter Ego

    Really ….
    Bhutto throwing snakes at jalsas.
    Bhutto rigging elections.
    The creation of infamous Al Zulfiqar.
    Ban on 5 people gatherng.
    Bhutto exempted from land reform.
    Bhutto the world’s first “martial law administrator.”
    Nationalization of industry.
    Murder of his political enemies and opponents.
    His inability and unwillingness to compromise with Sheikh Mujib ur Rehman.
    Creation of student unions , which we suffer to this day.

    The mistakes of others do not excuse Bhutto from his’s.Recommend

  • KGBeast

    Why was it bound to fail? A similar idea is working extremely well in Israel, even though Jews are both a racial and religious group. You can say whatever you want about their policies; but it is also a nation founded as a homeland for one diverse group of people, just like Pakistan. I think Jinnah died too soon into the formation of the country to properly define what Pakistan meant according to his vision. In addition, there simply weren’t any strong or visionary people around him to continue and build on his vision. India, on the other hand, had multiple people to lead on various fronts (political, social, etc) in it’s infancy.

    The only reason Pakistan was arguably “bound to fail” is because it’s identity was poorly defined as a state. Was it to be a state primarily for Muslims but tolerant of other religious groups as well? Or, was it to be a state exclusively for Muslims according to some twisted version of Islam? Jinnah’s vision was the former, but as mentioned earlier he didn’t live long enough to set the precedents to allow it to work. it also didn’t help that his right hand man (Liaqat Ali Khan) was murdered in a military coup soon after his death. I’m assuming you’re Indian sir?Recommend

  • Najeeb Shah

    First time i am agreeing with the pessimist tribuneRecommend

  • Mr. Khan

    Bravo – simply Bravo and the incompetency, corruption and exclusive focus on personal power got worse under Benazir and of course Zardari. Woe to this family and all the injustice they have committed for money, greed and power.Recommend

  • Sridhar

    Well written. Succinct.
    Bhutto, like Indira Gandhi in India, was a great political disaster for Pakistan.Recommend

  • AZK

    Loved the article, precise and profound.Recommend

  • Awais

    so you recommend to know about bhutto one need to read books written by his adviser ??Recommend

  • Mohammad Azim Khan

    The military government of the time and ultimately India’s military intervention was responsible for the breakaway of East Pakistan. Bangladesh was a reality and no one could stopped it even with much talked about of the Polish Resolution.
    If “roti, kappa aur makan” was Bhutto’s ruse, then he was the first person to give the common man the sense of belonging and dignity. He remains unmatched in international politics and paved the way to create the Islamic Umma through the famous Lahore Resolution. Another feather on the cap was to start our nuclear programme. A new Constitution was adopted unanimously when a generation of politicians failed.
    It was Bhutto who released Mujib and ended the doctoral rule of Yahya. His death by hanging was a painful drama under Zia who pocketed the judges. Some of the trying judges afterwards even admitted to the injustice of the “trial”.
    Bhutto may have his faults but he was a great leader who wanted Pakistan to be in the forefront in every platform. His rule was sabotaged by the military and a gang of like minded politicians, the PNA supported by the military.
    The legacy of Bhutto was so great even after over a decade of Zia’s rule and his anti-PPP policy, the party bounced back to power.Recommend

  • Umair Nathani

    I feel Pity for you, how can you blame the fall of East Pakistan on ZAB ? Bhutto is on the record to have warned in two public meetings — one in Karachi on 11 September and the other in Multan on 8 October — that the integrity of the country was at stake, at which Yahya called him and told to be not “so pessimistic” because his regime “would not allow the dismemberment of Pakistan”. As Yahya had virtually divorced any meaningful political option and intended to pursue the military solution, Bhutto left the country in disgust.

    Shakir Lakhani give some credit to Yahya / establishment who planned this and executed ???Recommend

  • Shakir Lakhani

    Towards the end, he nationalised flour mills, spinning and ginning factories, practically the only thing he spared were shops and stores. On the night of 31-12-1973 he gathered in Hotel Intercontinental prominent industrialists & businessmen (who had been under house arrest for a month), and said “there will be no no further nationalization”. The next morning (January 1, 1974), he nationalised petroleum marketing companies, banks & insurance companies. This man set the country back by 50 years. But for him, Pakistan today would have been a super power.Recommend

  • XYZ123

    If thats what you think, you missed the point. The crux of the story is that Bhutto used any slogan to remain in power…he probably would have appealed to satan worshippers if he thought that would have helped him maintain his grip. That he used socialism should not implicate socialism in his crime…even the United States is beginning to realize it must make accommodations with “socialism” the way Europe, Canada and Australia have, i.e. more extensive social and welfare programs. The point the author made here is that Bhutto knew that developing Pakistan would not be able to provide all its people these kinds of safety nets at that stage…these were empty slogans…just like those of his predecessors from every party. Unfortunately, this is the story of Pakistan and all its so-called leaders…they have been nothing but opportunistic, treacherous, unrepentant sociopaths.Recommend

  • Adeel

    Excellent Article and also excellent for the students who never seen the real face of Bhuttoism.
    Hats off to the Writer.Recommend

  • Khan

    The comments suggest the traversity of today’s Pakistan where a most balanced and dignified writer is considered imbalanced. This nation needs help from most Shakir Lakhanis.Recommend

  • Khan

    You need help the most.Recommend

  • Salman

    Well written. We are a nation so easily misled and keep on dreaming despite knowing what is wrong.
    Bhutto was a egotistical man and he is responsible for all what we faced then and destroyed what was there.

    The parasites like zardari and his ilk made sure that they could milk the hollow dream and it continues to this day.

    The second phase of destruction started with Nawaz sharifs first tenure where he killed all local manufacturing by hiking tariffs on raw materials and parts and lowering duties on finished products.

    Despite all this a few good men have still kept us going where the current set of politicians would like is to believe otherwise.Recommend

  • Shehroze Ameen

    Bear in mind, the Murder of History is a very well thought out correction of Pakistan’s History. K.K. Aziz is independent of Bhutto, and considered only the texts used to teach students and people in Pakistan about Pakistan.

    Just saying.Recommend

  • Paki boi

    People are being fed by the media outlets to accept Bhutto as the best leader ever. Why? Just because we was head to head with Zia ul Haq. Just to defame the very essence of our armed force, you need to create a hero in Bhutto. Because that is where the crux lies. If Bhutto was wrong and Zia was right, then the media loses the battle. So, they cherish Bhutto as the savior of Pakistan just to ensure no military ruler gets to rule Pakistan. While I do agree that democracy should prevail, I cannot overlook the fact that democracy has hurt Pakistan the most. I would rather be ruled by Military men than Chowdrys and Bhuttos, who just cover up feudalism under the flag of democracy.Recommend

  • Parvez

    Some of the points are correct. Others are misleading. The good deeds of Bhutto have been completely overlooked. It is in any case one sided pictureRecommend

  • salma

    starts with like u we believed so didn’t read it further as being judgemental is a virtue some ooze through their rantRecommend

  • Fahim

    According to my view Public sectors should be under socialist system while private sectors should be close to capitalist system. Evil politicians of 1970’s did opposite as they nationalize the private sector.Recommend

  • Ahmad Zahir Khan

    Now his generations putting dent in the country ,Bilawal the son of a corrupt mother and father ,is dreaming to ruin pakistan which is left ,and some idiots making him hero ,This country will always be ruled by greedy businessmen ,and chronic feudals sons .Unless people rise against this status quo ,


  • P A Khan

    He was a crook…..a brilliant one tooRecommend

  • shrabani

    Awesome writeup .. Simple and crisp.Recommend

  • Azhar

    I think he has nailed it..Recommend

  • Sarah

    I would like to hear more about why you think that East Pakistan should have never been a part of Pakistan. Recommend

  • Mustafa

    A very well summarised. A classic to the point text book history.Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    Mao Tse Tung the leader who made China a superpower through Communism Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    Socialism where Bhutto lived in palaces?Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    Bangladesh was an Indian terrorist operation where the RAW black operations group called the Mukti Bahini attacked the Pakistani state blaming the Pakistan Army for the casualties caused by the cyclone. Sri Lanka went through a similar terrorist operation where RAW black operations group called the Tamil Tigers attacked the Sri Lankan state and were defeated. Indian RAW black operations continue in Afghanistan, Iran, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Baluchistan and Sindh where their groups, Taliban, Baluch Army, Muttahida Qaumi Mahaz, and Jiye Sindh terrorist groups continue to attack the Pakistani state. Recommend

  • Junaid

    Excellent Article, Express Tribune needs to print it on its first page… Accurate and an eye opener.Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    Correct, Bhutto was a drunkard who was self medicating with alcohol. Bhutto was mentally ill lunatic who nearly plunged Pakistan into a bloody civil war, through his fascist army, the FSF, and PPP who were distributing weapons to civilians in a last ditch attempt to stay in power, when Gen. Zial Ul Haq removed him from office. Bhutto was nearly killed during the operation when the Rawalpindi Corps Commandant wanted Bhutto executed during the operation. Gen. Zia would not allow the execution turning him over to the civilian authorities for trial.Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    Israel was the Samaritan kingdom, Judea was the Jewish kingdom, both were kingdoms of Palestine. Israel is a bogus nationality consisting of Ukrainian, Austrian, German and Russian converts who falsely claim to descend from Judean refugees an a psychotic attempt to play on American religious sympathies. Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    There is nothing complex about a convicted murderer who repeatedly endangered the Pakistani state. Being fair involves admitting the truth first. Your post is full of false rhetoric and cult worship of Bhutto.Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    Pakistan was a nuclear power long before Bhutto. Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    92,000 troops who paid the price for Bhutto’s treachery to Pakistan.Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    Typical of Indian terrorist operations, blame everything on the Pakistan Army. Terrorists used the same reasoning in East Pakistan. The “hate Army” mentality ignores the fact that in democracies Presidents and Prime Ministers are Commanders in Chief of the Army. You can say that Bhutto was Army while he was Prime Minister. Recommend

  • Mike Pilgrim

    Nonsense the nuclear program was developed long before Bhutto.Recommend

  • Rahman Khan

    And then to add insult to injury, he is called “Shaheed”. But then when Mumtaz Qadri could be nominated for that title in this country, why not this corrupt and greedy man. Leader my foot!!Recommend

  • Rajiv

    It’s the policies of Mao’s successor which made China superpower.Recommend

  • Rajiv

    Yes it is.
    USA & UK, Japan,S.Korea,Taiwan are good examples.Recommend

  • Anwaar

    that’s why i said “fake socialism” .. jazbati …Recommend

  • Azhar Panni

    Agree >100%. Beautifully worded and precisely summed historical facts by Shakir about Butto-era. Can’t say any more to be added about a cunning and evil genius man. So sharp, he once replied to a sycophant who flattered by telling people say I have resemblance with you, “Yes – I know my father was a naughty man”.
    To our bad luck, Bhutto(ism) Zinda Hye. Recommend

  • Azhar Panni

    May Allah forgive Zia of his weaknesses in reward to saving Pakistan of ZAB. Recommend

  • Azhar Panni

    A must read for Bhutto lovers. Recommend

  • Kamath

    His body, I am told was buried in a massive mausoleum like those of historic kings, nawabs and shahs!Recommend

  • Mushtaq Jan

    The author is already biased. Bhutto was hanged in the evening and we learned in the evening about his hanging and and not one fine morning. Secondly he has no knowledge of history of Pakistan. In what circumstances Ayub Khan had to take over or break up of East Pakistan was not the doing of one man. Bhutto did take many wrong decisions but give him some space and do justice to his character by taking an unbiased approach with full facts.Recommend

  • Fahim

    In China today, there are thousands (if not hundred of thousands) of multinational private companies operating freely. There is no socialism, Majority of universites charge fees for example check Peking university in the capital. Private hospitals are on the rise check Fosun International group on google. I don’t know why you think china is communist except they have nationalize the politics and parliament.Recommend

  • Azfar

    Have two offices in one city at two different ends and try to run them smoothly. You may do it now with technology but go back 40 years and repeat the process but now replace the two offices with two countries between your arch enemy. How do you run the two places? Recommend

  • Kamrul Miah

    Neither your Quaid wanted it, nor our leaders in East Bengal at the time were enthusiastic about it. Politically, it was always seen as rather difficult to administrate two geographically distinct provinces so far apart in distance as well as being separated by an arch-enemy. Then too, the linguistic and cultural differences were rather stark. Add on top of all this, both sets of populations were illiterate and extremely impoverished. Bad recipe.

    Suhrawardy’s plan was to split off an independent Bengal [East + West] from British India. Jinnah was amenable to this, since he thought the potential United Bengal would be Muslim-majority and friendly to Pakistan. Jinnah also didn’t want a Bengal without Calcutta, a booming industrial centre at the time. He really didn’t care about East Bengal at all; it simply wasn’t part of his interest.

    Our united “moth-eaten” state required a lot more patience, unity and faith to keep together than either wing of Pakistan had to give. It’s incorrect to say it would be an impossibility — truth is, it could have prospered massively. However, what is economically feasible is not, for many reasons, always politically feasible.Recommend

  • Masoodahmed

    A beautifully written peace of true Bhutto . The only thing lacking in this article is political and constitutional murder of one community through adoption of Quota system, lateral eatery , and murder of merit in each and every field of life. We are suffering because of his biases policies which in turn have proved to be the root cause of our disjoint as a Nation . History will judge him very harshly as he has harmed this country in such blatant manner that we are still lost . He was the biggest autocrat and racist in the history of Pakistan . And yes what about role of his father in selling Juna gadh to India ? Recommend

  • Irfan Butt

    It was not He alone who did this. Army and President Ayub were squarely responsible for war 65 and that is the truth .What followed thereafter was the returns on investment !
    He was a politician and like a politician should be ,nothing more nothing less.Recommend

  • Fardad Ali Shah

    At last an honest and matter of fact writeup on the ‘legend’ of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. Cheers to the writer.Recommend

  • Talal Taha (Dubai)

    Sir, this man gave you the Atom bomb..on which your army boasts today otherwise they would surrender today to india like they did in 1971. Was he in power in 1971 to handover the government to Mujib ? Sir, it was your army general who had to transfer the power..why was army establishment so baybass infront of bhutto to give him power..they should have hanged him at that moment. To date, after this man we are unable to make a monument like teen talwar ..we are unable to make one more steel mill, we are unable to make another port like port qasim. etc etc etc…He is dead 37 years … still you cant recover.? Bhutto is surely dead but what Zia regime did is still there …Zia is alive ..bhutto is deadRecommend

  • Talal Taha (Dubai)

    I agree with you … he is dead 37 years. Beside his great achievements we people are unable to make a monument better than teen talwar or at the least The Star Gate … Pitty…Recommend

  • Dost Mohammad Sikder

    You are correct sir, that’s the mistake there ancestors committed and founded Pakistan. Right in 48 they realised it. One cannot dwell with cruel people, ultra chsuvinists and highly narcisissts. The bengali’s were far eurdites and had unfathomed treasure of literary genius whith, patriots time and again accepted gallows. In the field of science and technology they were the torchbearer of civilization. And Pakistanis were kept deaf and blindfolded. The only thing the were taught in home and schools at large in their society were hatered. I had firsthand exprience,although I have some of my life’s best friends again Pakistanis. I do wish their success and prosperity in their nationhood. I will be the happiest person to see successful Pakistan a heaven on earth, long cherishd by the people at large..of Pakistan…..


  • Fardad Ali Shah

    ZA Bhutto’s policies have had equally (if not more) disastrous effects on the society than those of Ziaul Haq. To mention some here; He promoted class hatred, prodded the people about their rights but never talked about their responsibilities, leading to a one sided dangerous culture which we are suffering till date. He ordered students to be promoted without taking exams. Such students are now in senior government positions. Asghar Khan in his book describes Bhutto’s offer to him when he asked the Air Marshal to stop opposing him and instead join him to rule the people for 20 years. When Asghar asked him “how can we rule the people for 20 years”, he promptly replied “by making a fool of them”.–Facts are sacred.Recommend

  • Bilal Qureshi

    The core crust where the writer shows his real inclination “our brave armed forces repulsed the enemy and the country was saved” :DRecommend

  • Maaz

    Real sadness is Bhutto is still alive :( .. Bhutto is a thought ai
    ming at destroying the economy of Pakistan for good!Recommend

  • AH

    Good point! I didn’t think of the Bhutto vs Zia factor, but you’re right.Recommend