Why our business grads are unprepared for the real world

Published: November 3, 2010
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Education in Tokyo is leagues ahead of what is available in Karachi.

It came as a shock to me when I read somewhere that Tokyo city alone had over 200 universities. If we check the list of the most populous cities in the world, Karachi is included in the top five, while Tokyo is not even in the top 10. Considering the huge difference in the population and education facilities, no wonder we have so many fake graduates ruling us.

When deciding to apply for graduate and post graduate programs, the youth find themselves facing extremely limited choices. If we consider business schools only, the top business school in Karachi doesn’t really live up to its name; however, the environment and competitive nature of its classes tends to keep students sharp. With a 50 year history of producing business graduates who now dominate the market, this school also has recruitment drives by known and respectable brands.

If you fail to get accepted, due to the competitive admissions test, there is still a college and an institute that have developed reputable standing over the past couple of decades in business studies. They have their own specialties to offer and some of the programme structures are not found in any other institute. There has been a growing number of people who actually target these institutions for admission, rather than going for the best, due to cost, location, environment, academics and various other factors.

Practically all other business schools position themselves to recruit those students who fail to get into the top three in Karachi. Many might offer arguments in defense of their institutions, but being a graduate from a navy university myself, with friends in many business schools across the city, I can say with sadness that the number of business schools can be counted on your fingers.

With such a low student to school ratio, no wonder business schools fail to take things such as updating coursework seriously. The majority have teachers who memorised text books to pass their own exams years ago and now follow the same pattern to teach their classes, ever improving the art of rote learning. Some institutes are hell-bent on hiring only their own recent graduates, effectively killing the possibility of introducing fresh perspectives and experienced faculty. Students are now so thoroughly trained in memorizing, that even a slight deviation becomes a nightmare, especially when it requires critical analysis. Teachers who favour free thought and open-ended discussions end up receiving negative feedback from the class, which puts a nail in the coffin of creativity.

These institutions still have course books written by American, Canadian and British authors, who are focused on the business markets of their respective countries. The Pakistani market, being an east-meets-west scenario in many ways, requires market understanding at an entirely different level. With western coursework, we are trying to imitate western market philosophy, which does not always apply to our own needs.

No local author has come up with satisfactory work in any sector of business which could be used as course material by local institutions. Business schools fail to take in market experts and leading companies as focus groups to understand market demands, improving quality of graduates, increasing the depth of their major courses, draft conclusions, take in recommendations, implement them, perform follow-up meetings, check progress and assess needs for the future.

There is a need to increase the number of higher education institutions in the country, not just in a single city, but that is something which requires time and management. We still have problems to face and resolve. Until institutions take it upon themselves to improve their curriculums with the help of market experts to enhance their graduates’ abilities, students will always find a disconnect between what they were prepared for and what they ended up facing in the job market. If talented students want to study and work abroad and immigrate to western nations at the first chance, who can blame them, when we ourselves are responsible for the brain drain?

wasio.abbasi

Wasio Abbasi

A business graduate who studied Information Systems, interested in current affairs and politics. He tweets @wasioabbasi

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • http://blogs.tribune.com.pk/story/2534/whose-country-is-this-anyway-not-the-tax-payers/ Syed Nadir El-Edroos

    the poor quality of our teachers and institutions is reflective of the reality we live in. Expecting islands of excellence to functions in a sea of mediocrity is unsustainable and over ambitious. Tokyo may have 200 universities, but then again it also has 100% literacy, and a large crop of students each year to cater too. Also, these universities are not like our universities, where colleges and institutions are treated as an extension of high school. Rather than just teaching a major chunk is allocated to research.

    While the requirements of adequate higher education is undoubted, vast amounts of resources need to be spent on basic and primary education. Skills such as interpersonal skills, public speaking, confidence, entrepreneurial zeal, require nurture and broad experience, which must be encouraged through every level of education. A leader or a good manager can not be taught through a few exams and casestudies. After all, most of the worlds most successful entrepreneurs never saw the inside of a college or were university drop outs. Recommend

  • http://www.twitter.com/thelensdemon Ahsan

    One of the biggest issues i have faced as a business student is uncertainty about the future. Risk is one of the most crucial and essential elements for any business. Unfortunately, in our part of the world risk is a luxury none of us can afford. Fear of failure is one of the most common phobias prevalent in our part of the world, if we don’t learn to take risks we can never move ahead from where we are… . We conduct industry analysis in the first few semesters of BBA and in EVERY SINGLE industry in our country, the room for improvement and growth is limitless. People keep complaining about how to fix the country. theres only one answer to it all just do whatever you are good at and do it like its never done before. Perseverance has always been a part of our culture its just time to redirect our strengths. STOP BEING AFRAID and start working Recommend

  • http://abbasiworld.blogspot.com Wasio Ali Khan Abbasi

    @Syed Nadir El-Edroos:
    I hate to admit but you are right regarding higher education institutions being an extension of high schools. Even though the institutions prepare you for a lot of things, reality isn’t one of them. The difference dawn upon the students when they enter their final year and realize they actually have learned nothing that would set them apart from thousands of other graduates that enter the already saturated market every year.
    Considering my university alone, rows and rows of students complete their BBA and MBA studies in Finance majors, yet none of them have any idea what to do to get a job. My majors was MIS, yet I was quite comfortable and relaxed at the time of graduation because I got job even before I finished my studies. I still get calls from friends (especially Finance majors), asking about interview tips and best answers for particular questions and after the interview they text me in frustration, saying “It was a SALES job”.
    The graduates don’t know market situation, they don’t know how to set themselves apart from thousands of others like them from different institutions, they don’t know how to tackle interview process … hell, some even don’t know what are their strengths and weaknesses. They have articulation problems, they have attitude problems, they have issues with work timings, they have issues with issues that shouldn’t even be an issue in the first place, yet they have expectation of getting a job worth 30k or more with their charms alone, displayed either through their academic transcripts or during interview. It has become a norm to assume that good grades in courses have much share of copy-pasted work and no real creative input, which is an injustice to those who really worked hard.Recommend

  • faraz

    Business school graduates and the nation as a whole lacks entrepreneurial ability. Business students are trained along the lines of the Western corporate sector which hasnt really developed in Pakistan. Courses like managerial policy, business research, organizational behavior etc have no practical application in our country. The BBA/MBA courses should shift focus from company to small-medium scale business management. And business students should be encouraged to start their own business and think of new ideas. Here businesses are only run in families where parents pass on their experience to the children. Recommend