Living with polio in Pakistan

Published: October 24, 2014
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I wish such schemes were introduced during my time so that I would have been able to get an education and lived my own independent life instead of relying on people. PHOTO: FILE

“I always wanted to study but my dream to get higher education remained just that, a dream. I was unable to complete my Matric because of my disability. It would pain me immensely to see girls who were with me in school going to college and making something of themselves.”

Maria, while wiping her tears, was discussing the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (K-P) government’s new scheme regarding free education for the disabled.

Maria is 32-years-old and is a resident of Gulbahar in Peshawar. She was diagnosed with polio when she was one-year-old, soon after she got her polio vaccination. She is currently living with her brother as her parents passed away a few years ago.

She told me that she was performing well and is enthusiastic about her studies but broke her right hand thrice during her school days and couldn’t walk properly either. She said that there was no adequately functioning hospital in K-P for polio stricken children at that time.

“My parents had to take me to Lahore for my check-up and that’s when I got my first pair of orthotic shoes. Now they have facilities in local hospitals but the conditions are really bad.”

For Maria and the rest of the disabled people of our nation, living with a disability is very hard since there aren’t any proper facilities or educational prospects for them. According to statistics, there are more than five million people living with some form of disability in Pakistan, with the number of polio patients increasing day by day. Even when people try to curb the disease, their efforts go in vain because they end up being targeted by extremist groups. Due to this, there is a serious security risk for polio workers who want to help the polio stricken children but fear for their own lives as well.

Talking about the rising number of children with polio, Maria said,

“I feel unbearable pain when I see the children from K-P helplessly suffering from this virus. I do not want another child to live a life like mine, a life of misery, sadness and grief. I wish I could go door to door and explain to each of the families how important these two drops are for their child’s life. It’s like your child’s life is in your hands and it’s up to you how their future unfolds.

What they say about polio drops affecting a person’s ability to produce children in false. They’re just rumours. Children in my family have gotten polio vaccines when they were young and they’ve grown up normally, gotten married and had normal babies.”

Maria has been married twice but it didn’t end up working out both times due to her disability. She said,

“If I were educated enough, I wouldn’t have to rely on anyone right now. Currently, I am working as a substitute teacher at a local school where I get a monthly salary of just Rs5,000, which does not allow me to manage my living expenses alone. Even though I am living with my brother, I understand that he has his own family to support. Occasionally, my sisters help me out as well but I feel reluctant to discuss my needs with them.

I wish such schemes were introduced during my time so that I would have been able to get an education and lived my own independent life instead of relying on people.”

There are countless other Marias living a similar life in Pakistan. Our children are our nation’s future. I commend the K-P government for taking such a stand and initiating such a scheme, but now it is time for other provincial governments take note and follow suit. It has come to a point where it is not as much of a choice-based decision as it is need-based.

Even though education remains a priority, the underlying problem is the presence of the polio virus and the lack of health facilities present to eradicate it. This month alone, 220 cases of polio have been reported in Pakistan. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), Pakistan is at a “tipping point” as the remaining endemic countries in the world, Afghanistan and Nigeria, have seen a significant decline in the number of cases this year.  The number of cases increases by the hour. Yesterday, Wednesday, October 23, three new cases were reported. Today, on World Polio Day, Pakistan has officially broken its 14-year-old record when it crossed 200 cases.

How far is Pakistan from eradicating polio, one might ask? Well, as per the country’s Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI), it is estimated to be more than 500,000 children away. This troubling figure is the number of children who have not been vaccinated each year over the past few years for a number of reasons. But there is still hope. WHO Emergency Coordinator for Polio Eradication, Elias Durry, told The Express Tribune, that the county has the capacity work toward a polio-free Pakistan by the end of 2015. He said,

“The upcoming six to nine months are critical.”

As the country is working towards fighting polio and the extremists who are doing their best to halt any hint of progress being made, the need of the hour remains educating people so that polio-infected families to step forward and take the initiative themselves. Provincial governments need to step up immunisation programmes and make sure they are carried out to the end. If that is asking for too much, the least they can do is provide polio workers with necessary security so they can do what the so-called elected-by-the-people-government can do for the people who elected them.

Sadia Widad

Sadia Widad

A radio journalist who has worked in development media sector as a media trainer and mentor. She tweets as @swidad (twitter.com/swidad)

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • ab1990

    I am really sad why muslims in india stayed back. They really should leave india and migrate to islamic paradise pakistan. Gift of polio is waiting for them.Recommend

  • Asad Malik

    Comments like yours are the reason tribune’s comment section is full of cancerRecommend

  • http://peddarowdy.wordpress.com/ Anoop

    The success to any endeavour is organization. Organizing a Polio immunization program is a tough enough job, but Pakistan has to deal with extremist thought as well.
    There were reservations in the Muslim community in India too about immunization. But, the Indian Govt went to every prominant Mullah and had volunteers take sessions on Polio to change his mind. Shocking that so many people can be controlled by the words of a single man. After they were convinced, it was just a matter of getting every child the Polio drops.
    Sad to see the little girl suffering from Polio in the picture. I just hope the other countries of the world are taking precautions against spread of the disease from Pakistan.Recommend

  • Zain Hassan

    Such a shame,sometimes i feel embarrassed to call myself a Pakistani.Recommend

  • L.

    I am really sad that human beings like yourself exist. Recommend

  • Indian guest

    @ab1990 You make a heartless, pointless, and sad comment. There are many Indians who are heart-broken at the sight of a child afflicted with polio, be it a Pakistani child or an Indian child. The constructive question to ask is simply this. Given the terrible constraints facing the Pakistan polio drive, what is the solution? How can they get the children vaccinated quickly with safety for everyone involved? Pakistan faces a genuine problem. We have to focus on practical solutions to get the job done.Recommend

  • siesmann

    Why should they.?They are as much citizens of India as you are.It is a pathetic thing to say.Recommend

  • Queen

    No surprises when we read such type of comments from across the border.Recommend

  • ab1990

    where was this statement when bin laden was caught?Recommend

  • ab1990

    truth is bitter to our neighbours it seems. I see a lot of comments against indians when muslims are attacked in india but I dont know why they still live in india when islamic pakistan is 100% better.Recommend

  • siesmann

    Too much power has been given to ignorant mullahs.They are the cause of both extremism and duping of simple-minded people with their conspiracy theories.They don’t realize the damage it has done to Pakistani children.They will conveniently say what they want, while children have to carry the disability through out their entire life.Hope CII will issue a fatwa for polio vaccination.Recommend

  • siesmann

    You need to control your hatred.How do comments by Pakistanis reflect on Indian Muslims.Remember lots of Indians turned to Islam because of centuries of discrimination of lower castes and dalits by high-caste Hindu maniacs like yourself.Recommend

  • suresh

    am happy that you are in pakistan.Recommend

  • suresh

    if India can eradicate polio from world second largest population why can’t pakistan ? but it requires comprehensive support from all.but polio workers in pakistan were badly beaten up and forced to seek police protection. In India one can see people welcoming polio workers like demigod rendering all sorts of possible help to the medical crew. Pakistan can follow Indian procedures to wipe out polio from pakistan.Recommend

  • ab1990

    I live in hyderabad,india.Recommend

  • suresh

    it s not too late get lostRecommend

  • ab1990

    I dont think I will get lost from my country. Seculars who show sympathy should get lost from the country.Recommend

  • Ali

    Wish you could have done some research work about the threats associated with Oral Polio Vaccination before writing and publishing this article. And I wish you could have learned to work for the betterment of this society and humanity by the power of your knowledge. This media is just playing the shit out of we ignorant people who accepts everything or anything blindly like a sheep. It’s a request to everyone to do some personal research work before supporting a cause. Hope these links might help you:

    http://blogs.tribune.com.pk/story/24707/polio-vaccine-is-it-really-as-safe-as-it-is-claimed-to-be/
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15479934
    http://tribune.com.pk/story/293401/vaccine-of-death/
    http://www.webmd.com/children/vaccines/polio-vaccine-ipv
    http://www.who.int/biologicals/areas/vaccines/polio/opv/en/
    http://healthimpactnews.com/2013/syrian-refugees-create-huge-new-market-for-out-dated-live-polio-vaccine-over-20-million-children-to-be-vaccinated/
    http://healthimpactnews.com/2014/the-vaccine-myth-of-polio-free-status-polio-vaccine-caused-53000-paralysis-victims-in-india-last-year/
    http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/192/12/2033.full.pdfRecommend