Learning from the Indian elections, despite Modi’s win

Published: May 18, 2014

Indian supporters of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) celebrate their party victory in front of the BJP headquarters in New Delhi on May 16, 2014. PHOTO:AFP

Despite being upset about Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)’s Modi Sarkar claiming undisputed victory in the Lok Sabha, I could not help but notice the immaculate election process that is being conducted by the Election Commission of India (ECI).

To hold an election process for an estimated 814 million voters over the span of five weeks is not only a daunting process but one that is easily subjected to chaos and anarchy. However, having followed the election process diligently, I was convinced that the election process was as peaceful as it could get, even with the BJP rally fiasco in Varanasi.

BJP’s PM candidate Narendra Modi (C) waves to supporters as he arrives to file his election nomination papers in Varanasi. Photo: AFP

However, the biggest hallmark of this election process is that, so far, it has been declared as free and fair as it gets. For someone who belongs to a South Asian democracy, the importance of the terminology ‘free and fair’ cannot be undermined. To consider that there are credible institutions in India that can charter such a process despite rampant issues of corruption is something that needs to be greatly appreciated. While Pakistan is still struggling to hold singular free and fair elections which are unanimously agreed upon by all parties and factions involved, India has moved long past this dilemma.

Everyone was out to vote In Bangalore to participate in Lok Sabha Elections. Photo: AFP

The current electorate process expanded over nine phases with an impressive voter turnout of 66 per cent. Not only was this turnout the greatest to be witnessed in history, each voting stage was meticulously planned through. With a total of 11 million government workers and over a million troops deployed during the balloting process, this program has been rightly dubbed as one of the largest human management projects in the world. What interested me the most was that there were 1.7 million electronic voting systems which were distributed nationwide to facilitate an unbiased electorate process.

the Lok Sabha election for the Nagaland parliamentary seat was web-casted to keep a tab on the voting process in 84 polling centres. Photo: AFP

The timing of this free and fair mantra could not have been more ironically juxtaposed with Imran Khan’s recent nine point ‘charter of demands.’ One of the most important demands put forward was to establish a bio-metric voting system for the next general elections. The importance of such a system is crucial for the Pakistani election conundrum which is always blamed for sabotage and rigging. India’s success at creating and using their bio-metric voting system has proved to be an effective tool for large democracies. If a population 10 times greater than our own could easily facilitate such a process, then for Pakistan this is no tough ordeal. Without such a system, rigging would be an inevitable and repetitive consequence that we will have to bear.

PTI held a protest at Teen Talwar, Karachi, against alleged rigging in elections. Photo: File

It is extremely unfortunate and disappointing that rather than appreciating and learning from this election process, half of Pakistan is busy condemning the victory of BJP, which Pakistan believes to be quite an extremist faction.

I, however, am more concerned about Pakistan’s future electoral process relative to its upcoming Indo-Pak relations. This incident has once again reminded me of the awkward moment of when I first crossed the Wagah border on foot and as soon as I crossed Pakistani domain, a big sign stood there mocking us as I walked past it saying ‘Welcome to India – World’s Largest Democracy’.


Alishae Khar

Alishae Khar

A student of Mphil in Economics from Lahore School of Economics and is currently working on her thesis on Benazir Income Support Program. She is also working as a co-coordinator for student affairs on campus.

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • Muhammad

    I hope Modi will knock some sense into our Jihad-loving establishment.Recommend

  • water bottle

    In your analysis you have deliberately missed one major difference between India and Pakistan.

    Call me what you wish, but if not for this difference, India wouldn’t even stand as a country. Even the pseudoseculars of India are not going to like what I am going to say next.

    This major difference that everyone in Pakistan dreads to speak of is: India is Hindu majority (an inherently tolerant people) and Pakistan is Muslim majority.

    Why you didn’t like Modi’s win, is your personal opinion. However, if you are basing it on the 2002 riots of Gujrat, then I urge you to please go to wikipedia and read about something called as Godhra carnage.Recommend


    Chaos and anarchy?? Do you even know what anarchy means to subject and link it to elections in India or for that matter in any democracy??

    Oh!!! the myopic and self absorbed blogs / opinions keep getting worse!
    Bibi- kahaan se pardh kar aayien hain aap? Recommend

  • Raj

    I can assure you that in pakistan there is very little understanding of indian politics and it’s power structures and issues. This is not surprising given that many Indians, liberal or not will fall in the same category as far as understanding of political equations are concerned.Recommend

  • abhi098

    almost every muslim country doesnt like democracy . Muslims must first learn what democracy is and then comment on other countries. islamic states need not lecture my country.Recommend

  • Concard

    ” Despite being upset about Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)’s Modi Sarkar claiming undisputed victory in the Lok Sabha ”

    Oh yeah you have the right to be upset. Upset for next 10 years atleast because Modi is someone who plans for long term like he did in Gujarat where he has been the longest serving Chief Minister till date without taking a holiday. But a word of caution you will be even more upset if 26/11 type attacks ever happen.Recommend

  • Sami

    First of all what we can learn from India that elections could span more than one day. In Pakistan if the election process could span atleast 10-15 days then it would be great. Media and monitory groups cannot focus on the whole of Pakistan and they cannot cover all regions on one election day and this leads to corruption.

    In my view Punjab, KPK, Sindh and Balochistan elections should not be held in a single day. Rather Elections must be divided into several days.. Punjab elections could span more than two days because of huge population. Similarly in other provinces the elections process could start after Punjab.

    Karachi should have a separate election date after all the elections in other regions. In this manner when everyone will be focusing on one region then we can achieve more transparency than present.
    The tabulation process in the next Pakistani elections could start after the completion of the election in all Provinces in Pakistan that could span over multiple days.Recommend

  • ajeet

    We are a billion strong. We will elect whom we want. Get over it if you like it or not.Recommend

  • aaaaa

    While EVMs are obviously important to a free and fair election, you missed the larger point, which was an empowered Election Commission that doesn’t have to rely on other institutions to carry out its own role.

    Except the PTI, name one party that has made a big deal of ‘rigging’. Sheikh Rasheed and PML-Pervaiz Elahi doesn’t count. No surprise that the only party to want a mid term election – and that is the end goal here – is the one supported by the military. India doesn’t have to contend with military backed parties taking every chance to destabilise a sitting democratically elected government. If there was so much rigging, then why have the PPP and ANP accepted results gracefully, despite the fact that they were the target of the most blatant form of pre poll rigging?Recommend

  • Hamza Tahir

    An unbiased look, plus the irony of people considering BJP fascist is not lost.Recommend

  • Cuban

    ” I first crossed the Wagah border on foot and as soon as I crossed Pakistani domain, a big sign stood there mocking us as I walked past it saying ‘Welcome to India – World’s Largest Democracy’.”

    Mocking you, you mean – We are not so insecure or weak as to be “mocked” by a big sign.Recommend

  • Cause De Celebre?

    Osama Bin Laden was elected by Pakistan as its next Prime Minister BUT HEY the elections were free and fair! Cause to celebrate? Barely. You see all this governance, employment, economy, free, fair, whatever comes AFTER one basic thing: LIFE. If your elected PM has been involved in massacring people, describing the sadness as the sadness as if “a puppy came under my car” and so on…. no cause to celebrate, free or fair.Recommend

  • guest

    India does not have a biometric voting system. Not sure what the author means by that. Recommend

  • waqar rabbani

    oooo emmm geeee alishae :pRecommend

  • Necromancer

    Pakistani Establishment won’t let this happen, Pakistan can not afford to fall in hands of fools, just wait and watch what #NAMO will do to IndiaRecommend

  • http://peddarowdy.wordpress.com/ Anoop

    a) Pakistan is NOT a democracy. Democracy minus civilian supremacy is not a democracy.

    b) India is an organised country. Yes, our roads are bad, a lot of corruption, etc. But be it Elections or anti Polio drive or reducing poverty, India is organised enough to accomplish it. Basically if there is a will things can be accomplished in India more or less. Pakistan cannot even do simple things like grant MFN without making a big fuss.

    c) Nobody doubts elections are the way to go in India. Pakistan was born on the premise that one Man one vote leads to majoritarianism, one of the basic tenets of Democracy. Not surprisingly there are many who don’t believe in Democracy.

    d) Absence of Land Reforms which India unleashed under Nehru. Led to abolishment of Feudalism in India. Since Muslim League allied with Fuedals, it didn’t happen. Nor will it ever. Need Land Reforms to see fruits of Democracy in Fuedalistic societies.Recommend

  • Abdullah

    can’t agree more; a very thoughtful article. It’s time we see things in perspective and try to emulate better actions from others.Recommend

  • Ahmad Mubashir

    Apart from the EVM’s i think india is much more evolved than us in case of elections and democracy all together . Our politicians still have the fear at the back of their minds that the military can carry out a coup at any moment of time because of their ” HARKATS”. So its more of a power clinching game in Pakistan than elections and i don’t believe that by only using evms we can have ” free and fair elections “. The mindset has to changeRecommend

  • Malti Chaturvedi

    ‘Welcome to India – World’s Largest Democracy’.

    excuse me…. but how does this mock u ???Recommend

  • Ahmad Mubashir

    There is a vast difference of attitude between the politicians of the 2 countries. Politicians here are always afraid of being sacked by the Army (lets be honest the way they rule the country they should be). Politics is about Power more than serving the masses everywhere but its specially a case in Pakistan. To improve the electoral process first this attitude of gaining power at any expense should be changed. After that the changes as mentioned by the author like the EVM’s (Electronic Voting Machines) should be introduced. With the current thinking of our politicians its just going to be a waste of tax payers money.Recommend

  • Billoo

    Hahahaha…. Angoor khattay ney bibi. Well on positive note, Pakistanis are coming to terms with the realities of where they stand when compared to ‘ world’s largest Democracy.’ And why this blind hate for Mr. Modi? Even though he was cleared pf any wrong doing by the Supreme Court of India, why Pakistanis hate him? And the same people never miss a chance to say ‘Pakistan Zindabad’ despite 50000 ‘muslims’ been killed there in last decade by fellow ‘muslims’? Why?Recommend

  • Abyss

    Just a factual correction, our EVMs are not bio-metric, voters still have to signup in the voter list form and get the finger inked, before the button on EVM is pressed.Recommend

  • Aashish

    Agreed with your article Alishae.
    It gives various perspectives about the world’s largest democracy.
    I believe, the main thing is we both nations have similar problems and the solutions to those problems are also similar. Besides criticizing each other, we need to learn, in spite of who they are. As it is better to copy others sometimes for your own survival..Recommend

  • IHateDisqus

    Good article, but a few clarifications.

    “over a million troops deployed during the balloting process”: The Indian armed forces (including the army) is never involved in an Indian election nor is deployed during the balloting process, except for their right to vote by postal ballot if stationed elsewhere. Elections are secured primarily by means of the police and reserve police, CISF, etc, all of whom do not come under the army.

    “as peaceful as it could get, even with the BJP rally fiasco in Varanasi”: There was no violence due to this. If anything, Modi accepted it and did nothing to contravene.

    “One of the most important demands put forward was to establish a bio-metric voting system”: India has been holding elections for long without bio-metric identification. Even in the current non-bio-metric system, it is really, really hard to give more than one vote.

    “half of Pakistan is busy condemning the victory of BJP, which Pakistan believes to be quite an extremist faction.”: The “extremist faction” thinking was in the minds of Indians too many years ago. But BJP has become more and more mainstream. In states where they rule, they hardly talk of any religion and those states do not experience any communal tension at all. In fact, I think this moment may be the one when the BJP becomes the mainstream as I fear they may not be any viable opposition for quite some time to come.Recommend

  • Prashant

    Alishae, Agreed Narendra Modi is not a popular figure in your country however I am not sure if you should go to the level of condemning when it is the peoples verdict. I am not sure why you are upset? A million people killed and then came Pakistan into existence and hence you do not have the moral right to complain when it comes to Modi. I am not saying for a moment that you should not criticize India but you need to be fair when you judge others. Indian elections are an internal matter of India and hence Pakistan and for that matter any country in the world needs to accept people’s verdict and move on. A good blog though and awaiting your next one.Recommend

  • Madd Dogg

    An an Indian, i thank you ma’am for the nice things you’ve written about the polling here. But a couple of clarifications. Biometric ID cards were not used in these elections. It was still the good old inky finger and voter ID cards to prevent fraudulent voting. Second, the Pakistanis are needlessly worried about Modi and the BJP. They got this massive mandate for development and jobs. They know it too and will be more likely working full time to deliver on these. The outcome can only be good for the entire sub-continent.Recommend

  • Mayuresh

    we need more such thinking between the two countries than the usual political variety. Compete to become the best and rest of the problems will solve themselvesRecommend

  • I_Anonymous

    Why the Pakistanis find a sign saying ‘India – World’s largest democracy’, mocking them ? Where is the logic in it – please enlighten …Recommend

  • Humza

    Who are you to question the Indian election results? You speak positively of their election process but you start off your article saying you are “upset” at the BJP victory. This is none of your concern. The Indian electorate has voted, including Indian Muslims and they have chosen the BJP. Learn to respect the mandate of the people because India alone has the right to choose its destiny and if it wishes that to be a more staunch Hindu state returning to its original Indian culture without outside Islamic influences, this is their decision alone. Pakistanis need to learn to stay out of the business of Muslims in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh or India and just focus on their own citizens. The Mughal Empire is long gone! How can Pakistanis expect India to stop interfering in Baluchistan and other places in Pakistan when people in Pakistan feel they have a right to comment on the outcome of the Indian elections.Recommend

  • sam

    India uses electronic voting machines, but no biometrics are used for election purposes. The author may be thinking of Aadhar cards, which are separate from the election process.Recommend

  • artem mikoyan

    Why the incessant need to compare with India. India is a secular socialist democracy while pakistan is a quasi theocratic military dictatorship masquerading as democracy fully controlled by landlords and generals. The trajectories were determined at the moment of creation and cannot be changed. Pakistan and Islam born out of hatred will come to a very violent end.Recommend

  • pakiyonkimaakaa

    no need to learn from secular India..learn from bosnia/syria/saudi arabia…Ghaznavis and not indus valley civilisationRecommend

  • Akash Gajbhiye

    It is not that Pakistan can have a “Free and Fair Election” but do the Political Elite of Pakistan want a “Free and Fair Election”Recommend

  • Indain

    A factual correction. India’s voting is not Bio Metric.Recommend

  • Keen Observer

    Its hilarious how blatantly you missed the point!!!!
    Granted she started off with that as a premise but this article was written in an entirely different spirit. Plus, to be honest she’s not wrong about the fact that more than half of Pakistan garners negative feelings for the BJP win.
    On having an opinion on the India election results: seriously what world do you live in? People can have an opinion about Obama’s win and not India’s?! this is world politics, everyone can and will have an opinion.Recommend

  • nitish

    very well said…+5Recommend

  • Feroz

    Free and fair elections is very important, without it faith in democracy gets eroded. What Pakistan really needs to learn not just from India but all democratic countries is that a democratic country can have only one center of Power — the House of people or Parliament. The job of the Military is to safeguard borders, not give advice on how the country should be run. The job of the Judiciary is to ensure that the rule of Law and Order is implemented across the land as enshrined in the Constitution, not pass judgements on Ideology or what is Islamic.Recommend

  • hp kumar

    Yet why it should bother pakistan when elected Osama Bin Laden is not going to hurt pakistan anyway.Osama was killed coz he carried out 9/11 attack in which 3000 innocent american were killed.Gujarat riot is indias internal matter and pakistan has no business to worry about it.Should I ask you,why do 5000 hindus migrate to india every year from pakistan?Why 1000 hindu girls r raped and forcibly converted in pakistan every year?why 100s of temples and dharmshala r burnt in different part of pakistan??why blasphemy laws r enforced upon Hindus when Allah is not a God for them??Recommend

  • Acha Desh

    Nothing much to see..just another Paki giving her opinion on Indian elections.Not sure why a Paki should be upset about Indians voting their party of choice to power. And also dear Paki, Modi sarkaar is not “claiming victory”. BJP has been elected to power in a meticulously planned free and fair elections. “claiming victory” is what your jernails do after riding tanks into Isloo to form sarkaar. Pakis still have a long way to go before they understand democracy.Recommend

  • Anwar Kamal

    Modi win ,but secular India defeat.Recommend

  • Shahzad Saleem Janjuah

    Please wake up!!!!

    “However, the biggest hallmark of this election process is that, so far, it has been declared as free and fair as it gets.”

    New Delhi: A third of the newly elected members of the Lok Sabha has a
    criminal background, an analysis of the disclosures they have made in their
    affidavits has shown.

    An analysis of 541 of the 543 winning candidates by the National Election
    Watch (NEW) and Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) shows that 186 or 34
    per cent of the newly elected MPs have in their election affidavits disclosed
    the criminal cases that have been filed against them.

    In 2009, 30 per cent of the Lok Sabha members had criminal cases.

    According to the analysis, a candidate with criminal cases had a 13 per cent
    chance of winning in the 2014 Lok Sabha election, whereas it was just five per
    cent for an aspirant with a clean record.

    Of the 186 new members, 112 (21 per cent) have declared serious criminal
    cases, including those related to murder, attempt to murder, causing communal
    disharmony, kidnapping, crimes against women etc.

    Party wise, 98 or 35 per cent of the 281 winners from the BJP have declared
    criminal cases against them.

    Eight (18 per cent) of the 44 winners from the Congress, six (16 per cent) of
    the 37 winners from the AIADMK, 15 (83 per cent) of the 18 winners from the Shiv
    Sena, and seven (21 per cent) of the 34 winners fielded by Trinamool Congress
    also have disclosed criminal cases against themselves.Recommend

  • G. Din

    I think you meant to say:” We are so insecure and weak to be “mocked” by a big sign.” If not, it doesn’t make any sense.Recommend

  • G. Din

    That is the will of the people. What is so sacred about “secularism” anyway? We saw how a corrupt party hijacked that term for its own enrichment. You are not secular in Pakistan. There is nothing sacred – although it is by far the most desirable – about Democracy either. If that weren’t so, why do democratic country suspend their constitutions in times of war or emergency?Recommend

  • Alann

    Do you even know the meaning of the phrase “Cause De Celebre”? or did you think it means “Cause to celebrate”?
    Also keep making weird & silly comparisons if that makes you feel good/happy/whatever – it doesn’t change a thing.Recommend

  • abhi098

    where is secularism in islamic pakistan?Recommend

  • Parvez

    I completely agree with your point that as far as the process of carrying out an election is concerned the Indians have got it right. Pakistan on the other hand DOES NOT WANT TO GET IT RIGHT because the beneficiaries of the present crooked system would stand to lose much.Recommend

  • gp65

    First of all is Pakistan secular? Why then do you care whether India remains secular?
    Secondly a little google search would allow you to figure out for yourself that many Muslims voted for Modi led NDA because they do not believe all the fear mongering – especially goven that there have been no riots in Gujarat under his baton and he has been absolved of being complicit in the riots of Feb 2002.
    TO see why some Muslims who were intensely critical of Modi may have changed their minds please google ‘Why I joined BJP M.J. Akbar’.Recommend

  • Sandip

    Looks like you missed the point. The lady talks about the process itself. Not the input or the output of the process.
    We all know that criminalization of politics is a big issue. Hence the reaction of the common man in the form of parties such as AAP. There are also some instances of intimidation much before the elections but that’s more of a law and order issue that the EC cannot control. All this, still doesn’t take anything away from the great degree of fairness of the process itself.Recommend

  • someone

    This is hilarious. Ask any Pakistani if he is secular and he/she would shot back claiming about how pious Muslim he/she is. And now they are crying over Modi’s win. What Pakistanis don’t know, including their intellectuals/common people, that it is not about a person being secular, it is about the institution and constitution being secular which Indian institutes and constitution is. There is one book that rules India and that is constitution. Pakistanis need to go through this shaky democracy for another 40-50 years to understand it.Recommend

  • Sridhar

    The mandate for the Modi govt is: give a corruption-free, efficient economic model. It is a vote for change.
    There is corruption in India for sure but systems do work. In this I include Railways, Tax collection, healthcare etc etc. I live in US and was impressed by the fact that my father is Chennai is able to pay all the bills (electricity, telephone etc) online with click of a mouse. You can book railway tickets online (with return tickets).
    The problem is the population and different levels of development that you see across the spectrum. This is what Modi needs to change and make development all inclusive.Recommend

  • Raj

    The most encouraging result of this election was Indians voting for economic development and refusing to be divided up into voting blocs based on caste & religion. Hope folks in Pakistan will do the same in their own elections – it will be good for peace and progress in the region.Recommend

  • Humza

    I’m not sure whether it’s hilarious or just immature to express one’s disappointment in the landslide victory of a particular party in another nation’s elections. I take it the spirit of the article is to appreciate the democratic process despite some instances of violence and vote rigging. The elections in India are laudable considering that overall poverty and the level of illiteracy is just as great if not worse in India than Pakistan. I would dispute your assertion that more than half of Pakistanis garner negative views about the election results in India. For example my family and friends don’t really care.The international relations of the overall region concern us but there is no indication that relations between Pakistan and India will change. It may be that some Pakistanis who have family origins in India take a greater interest there but the majority of native Pakistanis do not care about domestic Indian issues. I am more interested in seeing the electoral process strengthen in Pakistan. The European Union commission found that elections in Pakistan were generally free and fair despite some instances of tampering; Respecting the mandate of voters is still an issue in Pakistan which is why some call into question voting results long after the fact. This should be the take home message for Pakistanis. Most Muslim nations are unable to hold elections and don’t even have the luxury of debating what level of cheating or “dandli” took place which still puts Pakistan a league ahead of other Muslim states.Recommend

  • Shaheer

    Indian doesn’t show the issues. What they doing wrong.. Country running on black money.. what is organised country that is. @Anoop .. you should study before talk.. thanks :)Recommend

  • Shaheer

    Indian doesn’t show the issues. What they doing wrong.. Country running on black money.. what is organised country that is. @Anoop .. you should study before talk.. thanks :)Recommend

  • Shobhna

    An article written in such a positive, un-biased spirit – i can’t believe the comments from my fellow Indians!!!Recommend

  • https://www.facebook.com/khar.alishae alishae khar

    To say that I am “condemning” or “questioning” the selection of Modi as the designated Prime Minister of India is not even discussed in this article once. Here I would like to point out the difference between “having an opinion” (about a certain
    event) and questioning the legitimacy of the event itself.

    Modi has emerged from, and is supported by, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), the hard line Hindu nationalist organization which has been criticized of committing sectarian violence in the past, such as the 2008 Religious violence in Odisha and Babri Mosque demolition. (The BJP is intimately linked to the RSS).

    Modi is not only associated with these two most extremist factions, but was also involved in the Gujrat violence of 2002, where a 1000 Muslims were persecuted. Though the Supreme Court acquitted him of charges, but in 2005, Modi was denied the visa for USA on grounds of “particularly severe violations of religious freedom” (under the Bush Administration). This boycott was only lifted was only lifted earlier this year, when the US ambassador to India finally traveled to Gandhinagar, to meet its chief minister. Furthermore according to Michael Kugelman (Woodrow Wilson International) the only US government agency to be critical of Modi for is the US Commission on “International Religious Freedom” (which deal with minority rights in particular). Evidently, Muslims have a lot to worry about regarding Modi’s win.Recommend

  • https://www.facebook.com/khar.alishae alishae khar

    Modi has emerged from, and is supported by, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), the hard line Hindu nationalist organization which has been criticized of committing sectarian violence in the past(such as 2008 Religious violence in Odisha and Babri Mosque demolition). This party is intimately associated with BJP as well.

    Modi is not only associated with the two most extremist factions of India, but was also involved in the Gujrat violence of 2002, where a 1000 Muslims were persecuted. Though the Supreme Court acquitted him of charges, but in 2005, Modi was denied the visa for USA on grounds of “particularly severe violations of religious freedom” (under the Bush Administration).This boycott was only lifted was only lifted earlier this year, when the US ambassador to India finally traveled to Gandhinagar, to meet its chief minister. Furthermore according to Michael Kugelman (Woodrow Wilson International) the only US government agency to be critical of Modi for is the US Commission on “International Religious Freedom” (which deal with minority rights in particular).

    Evidently, Muslims have a lot to worry about regarding Modi’s win. I thought I would just flag this out to my Indian friends who have rid Modi of all blame and involvement in any sectarian violence or extremism.Recommend

  • https://www.facebook.com/khar.alishae alishae khar

    I would like to clarify that the purpose of this article was not to condemn or question the mandate of the people of India in their selection of Modi as their designated Prime Minister. There is a fine difference between questioning the legitimacy of the event and expressing opinion/concern over it. My tone was of the latter rather than the former. However by focusing on this, many of you have digressed from the original idea presented in the write up which aimed to delineate a successful democratic process in the South Asian context.

    To say that Pakistan has no say in an international political development such as this, is a fallacy. In todays world where politics is no longer an domestic concern, but is a consequence of chain of events in the international political arena; anything that happens in the geo-political strata affects us, let alone a political development in our own neighborhood with which affects our regional stability, economic bilateral ties and foreign policy.

    I do sincerely apologize for confusing the bio-metric system with the electronic one. In Thank you all, who pointed out this mistake.Recommend

  • Abdul

    Is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan secular ?Recommend

  • gubradi Jo

    This is not proof. This is baloney. Read and re-read what you have written. Where is the proof? You do not need to point out anything to your Indian friends, because I am sure you picked up this unadulterated garbage from Indian media which your Indian friends have already read. Modi or no Modi, muslims should be afraid to live in India. That’s why Pakistan was created, isn’t it?Recommend