The right to write: Denied!

Published: February 7, 2014

As disseminators of events, journalists play the key role of informing the public and keeping us abreast of the latest developments. PHOTO: REUTERS

Journalism – a profession of disseminating news – has attained the status of an endangered profession globally. Incidents of violence and state sponsored prosecution attempts against journalists have become a de jure way of life for many. Prosecution and persecution to some degree, comes with the territory, if you will.

This is unfortunate considering the burden that falls on a journalist’s shoulders.

On January 29, 2014, there were several news stories of the Egyptian government’s decision to file charges against 20 journalists working with Al Jazeera on the pretext of risking national security. In my opinion, suppressing the voice of one journalist is akin to suppressing the voice of hundreds of people who rely on them to be informed of the truth.

And what is this trial in Egypt for, in the first place? To report what is being seen?

Since when is an eye witness account of events an indictable offence?

I believe this is a gross transgression against the very principles of justice and fundamental human rights.

Journalists are a key pillar of the civil society. They form a barrage of accessibility between citizens and the government. As disseminators of events, journalists play the key role of informing the public and keeping us abreast of the latest developments.

State-sponsored prosecution is also a needless waste of precious resources because of social media. Social media is now widely recognised as a platform where news breaks first and fast. The Egyptian authorities and all other governments should realise that the penetration of social media makes any attempt to censor information an exercise in futility – a waste of precious state resources that could be better utilised elsewhere.

I don’t think that governments realise that the days of keeping the public in the dark are history. The years when the public would be misinformed or uninformed are way past us and people in current times would have it no other way. They would fight till their last breath to ensure that they are fed with timely news.

After all, people are the prime guarantors that sustain governments. No people, no government, no state – period.

With respect to Pakistan, I was astonished to discover that there is no law other than the fundamental protections in the constitution, which explicitly protect journalists against government intervention. Concepts such as reporters’ privilege and shield laws are completely absent from Pakistani repertoire which I found to be quite surprising.

While the United States was quick to pass a legislation called the Daniel Pearl Freedom of the Press Act, as a consequence of the inhumane murder of Daniel Pearl, the issue has yet to catch the attention of Pakistani authorities. This is all the more a source of both astonishment and embarrassment when we find that the South Asia Media Commission (SAMC) and Reporters Without Borders both rank Pakistan at the top of one of the most dangerous places to work in for a journalist.

Since the government already falls short of its prime mandate to ensure safety of its citizens, let’s not even get to how such a law – that explicitly protects journalists – would ever get implemented, if at all passed. So, let us discuss another dimension of the issue – how to ensure that journalists are protected from the intrusion of government.

Let us be quite blunt about it.

Why journalists continue to get killed is more a factor of how the Pakistani society operates than a mere lack of laws. Legislation is not a substitute for realising that each person has a right to his or her own opinion and under no circumstances, can that be used against that individual. Voltaire probably articulated it best when he said,

“I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.”

This attitude of utter disregard for the opinions of others is reflected all around us and the higher up one is in the social chain of class, the more vocal he or she usually is in ensuring that theirs is the only opinion that is either heard or implemented. I doubt that I need to go into examples to prove this point.

And hence, journalists will continue to be in the line of fire till the day dawns where we learn to respect the views of others, even if it means taking them with a pinch of salt.

Nonetheless, this does not mean that the issue should not be addressed legislatively. Therefore, the government should immediately enact a law via an ordinance that follows the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights with strong penalties and repercussions for its violation. It should also enact provisions that expedite the investigations related to events of journalists’ intimidation – whether verbal or through collective assault mechanisms such as attacks on the workplace. Speedy trials should also be a priority in such a law.

After all, if the Protection of Pakistan Ordinance (PPO) can be approved by the President in haste, why not a Protection of Journalists Ordinance?

We must recognise that the protection of journalists is vital to safeguard the larger interests of the civil society. As such, an issue of such a magnitude is best tackled within the domain of constitutional law.  As the world shrinks figuratively, the action by the authorities in Egypt against the Al Jazeera reporters becomes a litmus test for us all to check whether journalists are being fairly treated.

If not, the governments must do all that they can to ensure that journalists are given protection and fair treatment.

This is in the interest of all.

Rafay Bin Ali

Rafay Bin Ali

A software developer working with financial clients from Toronto. He is currently doing his MBA from IBA, Karachi, and is planning an entrepreneurial set-up in Pakistan. He tweets as @rafayali (

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • Queen

    Excellent write up, Mr Ali. You have raised some really important points, We cannot say anything about Egypt because that country has lived under controlled ‘democracy’ for more than 30 years and the concept of free media is new for them. But as for Pakistan, I agree with you that “This attitude of utter disregard for the opinions of others is reflected all around us and the higher up one is in the social chain of class, the more vocal he or she usually is in ensuring that theirs is the only opinion that is either heard or implemented.”

    The problems are intolerance and the lack of respect for others’ opinions which have established roots in our society. We do not want to hear other person’s views even if we know in our mind that he is telling the truth. Unfortunately, journalists face the maximum brunt because of their presence in the field. We have some sad examples like Wali Khan Babar and others. We hope that one day the mindset of our society will change and we will become tolerant toward others.

    Once again, Kudos for writing this blog. Recommend

  • Rafay Bin Ali

    Thank you.Recommend

  • Syed

    AA Rafay

    Good write-up.. I agree with the your analyses of Egypt’s situation. Comparing it with Pakistan, there are some differences as well as some similarities. However I feel that you have gone a bit of course with Pakistan’s situation. Let me explain.

    In Pakistan, almost every respectable profession is under attack. Journalists- yes but also doctors and teachers etc. In fact I feel that the main reason of massive killing in Pakistan is due to our inability to accept that others may have a different point of view than ours and that they may be right.. You have touched upon this point in good detail though.
    Secondly, journalists are still not united. They are divided between different media houses and hence a journalist murdered working for one media house does not get enough attention from other media houses. A recent example was the attack of daily express team- Other major media did not cover it as mush as they did when one of their own was killed in the past.

    So to summarize, yes journalists are being murdered, because of someone with a gun somewhere disagrees with what they have to say, but so are other professionals. Secondly, government would not take it seriously until journalists themselves are united against these crimes. The response from journalists depends on their association with media houses etc. and that doesn’t quite help.

    Kind regards;Recommend

  • Rafay Bin Ali

    Thank you for your comment. I agree the wave of terrorism engulfs everything in Pakistan.Recommend

  • http://India Feroz

    When a country has not been able to get even a dozen convictions for the fifty thousand innocent citizens killed by terrorists, seeking protection for Journalists is naive. The country has many Laws but has been able to enforce very few, therefore more Laws does not mean less violence inflicted on Journalists. I think you meant to say that tolerance for all kinds of views should be inculcated, before everybody including journalists start feeling more secure.Recommend