Can’t a Pakistani and Indian live in harmony? We used to…

Published: November 29, 2013
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At the core of my new bond with India, lay the relationships and interaction that form the basis of human existence. PHOTO: Now We Want India and Pakistan Become Friends (Facebook Page)

Like most Pakistani’s, I too experienced an overload of nationalistic fervour when I left Pakistan and that too for India. India evoked a psychological barrier and conjured the dreaded feeling of being ‘the other’ even though I had spent my formative years away from the jingoistic identity formation of the Zia years and had been brought up with the tolerant outlook of my parents (although my Kashmiri father did have staunch nationalist ideals).

In hindsight, it was a sad, instinctive conditioning.

I remember our Indian neighbours in the UK, where I spent most of my childhood, and despite the exchange of formal pleasantries between our elders, the children hardly interacted together. However, both communities ganged up against the ‘gora’ supremacy, in school and otherwise. It definitely was not religion that divided us (at least not back then) and I fondly remember my cousin’s neighbourhood in Karachi that had a healthy sprinkling of Hindus, Christians and Parsis and we all played together – completely oblivious to the division of religion.

Rather than religion, the reticence towards each other was more the result of the respective national identity building and historical hang-over, both real and imaginary, that each side bore.

The first thing that struck me in Delhi was that partition had been as catastrophic for ‘them’ as it was for ‘us’. It was a mutual wound, yet both sides were unmindful of its impact on the other, each feeling that they had been violated more. It was akin to the holocaust when millions were forced to leave their homes, their livelihoods and their way of life, the only one they knew of, and migrate to an alien existence. Unlike those who migrated to Pakistan in the pursuit of a new dawn and hope, these people stepped out into the unknown along with the insecurities and instabilities that came along.

While the journey for those migrating to Pakistan had been painful and demanded huge sacrifices, it was voluntary and the result of a conscious choice, driven by a zeal for their new homeland. On the other hand, for those migrating in the opposite direction it was an ugly imposition. Without going into the ideological and historical events of the division, it was and remains an emotional tragedy for the migrants to India; a rupture that they have not quite come to terms with.

Most of the people that one comes across, in Delhi, have antecedents tracing to Lahore and hence, along with being the political capital of India, Delhi exhibits the most rigidity concerning relations with Pakistan, especially in comparison to the rest of India.

Like Pakistani’s they too are victims of a one-sided and faulty historical orientation.

The second thing that struck me was that Indian youth exuded hope, resilience and drive underlined by pride in their national existence, quite unlike the youth of Pakistan. Although most of us in Pakistan exhibit the first three characteristics – an aspect repeatedly verified by the accolades we receive on various fora internationally – we have somehow failed to associate it with our national moorings.

Not that we do not love our country enough. In fact, successive generations seem to have a heightened sense of awareness and attachment with their national identity but the failures of successive governments have eroded our hope and failed to evoke faith and inspiration in our polity.

Now, compare this to the emerging economic powerhouse that India has been dubbed as, the ‘soft power’ that it exports through its culture, the position that it is globally acquiring through its skilled human resource – be it in the Silicon Valley or the financial empires of the Mittals or Ambani’s; the literary acknowledgement through the Pulitzer and Booker awards, the academic laurels of Nobel Memorial prizes or even the titles of international beauty pageants.

There is no doubt that India flaunts a rising curve.

Although the cause of much of the euphoria in India was real, much of it was inflated too. I recall reading a commentary somewhere about how India is like the US; self -confident and with a brimming sense of self-importance, whereas, Pakistan is like Britain, self-critical and self-effacing.

Whether real or imagine, the resultant ‘middle kingdom’ syndrome had however, raised the bar for India and especially for its youth. On the other hand, we only have narratives of missed opportunities and false dawns to cling on to. Reflecting upon the exuberance of the Indian youth, I often found myself wondering if they could do it, why couldn’t we.

After all, failures only whet ones appetite for excellence.

It was these series of seemingly non-descript monologues that went a long way in re-kindling my own drive as an individual and in my hope as a Pakistani.

It was in India that I acquired insights into the complex intricacies of human bonds and identity. Despite the ideological or intellectual barriers I faced in Delhi, I did manage to develop a certain bond with the city. In spite of seemingly socio-political anomalies of my association with India, there was a certain association developing. At the core of this new intimacy lay the relationships and interaction that form the basis of human existence.

Although there were a couple of Muslim families in our neighbourhood, they mostly kept away in apprehension of the fallout of my Pakistani antecedents and my husband’s Kashmiri roots in an increasingly jittery India. My husband was based in Kashmir while my kids and I were stationed in Delhi for most of the winters. Increasingly, I found support in my non-Muslim neighbours and friends.

From facing day-to-day challenges of settling into a new place, to helping out in times of crisis like needing medical attention or being stuck in another part of the city while my child was stranded in school, these neighbours invariably came to my rescue. It was then that I started understanding that the essence of human relationships transcends compartmentalised religiosity or even geography, and is based on basic human instincts of goodness.

I was not alone in this new-found realisation.

My Hindu Indian friends also came to know of the shared humanity of people across the border in spite of the religion they professed. For many of them, I was the first Muslim and Pakistani that they had met.

Of course, the regular India-Pakistan wrangling continued, sometimes in the most basic forms with my kids and their friends not talking to each other every time Pakistan beat India or vice versa.

However, for every down I faced, it was redeemed by a high – be it the wishing of ‘Independence Day’ to my kids on August 14 in the school assembly by the principal, or a fellow Facebook activist profusely apologising to me on behalf of a Kashmiri Pandit for his untoward remarks as we slugged it out on a Facebook page ‘promoting’ Kashmiri Muslim and Kashmiri Pandit harmony.

Aside from these ideological confrontations, I noticed that my kids gravitated the most towards their Kashmiri Pandit classmates in school. This made me wonder about the place that culture occupied in one’s identity and especially, what we had made of it in Pakistan.

Why have we not been able to construct a more diversified understanding of our identity, rather than rushing into a homogenised religious interpretation?

Although religion was one of the essential ingredients of our identity, it was not the only one. Denying our cultural roots, we thus stood exposed to a cultural hegemony of which the Bollywood faces on our billboards are just an optic insinuation.

On a positive note, however, the Pakistani ‘lawn wars’ have arrived in India, despite all the obstacles. A manifestation of our ‘soft power’, it represents both the vigour of our indigenous culture as well as being a preview of what can be in store if only we have the determination to do so.

 

Asma Khan Lone

Asma Khan Lone

A Pakistani of Kashmiri descent based in Srinagar. She holds a Post-graduate degree in International Relations from the University of Cambridge.

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • Indian

    I am an indian and we indians hate PakistanRecommend

  • GrimmJow

    And here we go again…. time again we have blogs like these..its not even funny!Recommend

  • a_writer

    Ms. Lone probably hasn’t seen much of India besides Delhi. There are very few people in South India who went through partition or know of anyone who migrated from Pakistan to India during partition. South Indians, therefore, do not have the traumatic memories of partition Ms.Lone attributes to people of Delhi. In spite of that, the number of South Indians who want to have close relation with Pakistan are an extreme minority. I don’t think they hate Pakistanis per se – it is just the feeling that Pakistan is irredeemable and is a lost cause. Why waste time and energy on it with the only reward being a potential for more terror acts in the neighborhood for opening up the borders?Recommend

  • sivaji

    good oneRecommend

  • Patriotic Pakistani

    I have interacted with several Indians outside Pakistan and have become friends with them. Some of the Indians especially the South Indians are really nice as they do not vent hatred against Pakistan. I think both Pakistan and India instead of criticizing each other, need to make efforts to address their internal issues. They both should follow the the policy of not interfering into the affairs of the other so that they can live as peaceful neighbors.Recommend

  • madhu

    Asma Khan has written very well. She is most welcome in india along with the 180 other million muslims in india. Let us hope india and pakistan and bangladesh will one day try to set up an EU type of union. The Kashmir problem can be solved. What we need is sensible matured people who are keen to bridge the differences, and learn to accept the situation. The initiative has to come from pakistan…..Recommend

  • Iftikhar Ali

    you’ve got the ability of cracking a joke in a very serious wayRecommend

  • Kamran Irfan

    Can Fish and Human live together

    A friend to all is a friend to none

    What is a friend? A single soul dwelling in two bodies.”

    “Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime.”

    Allah is the Master of Day of JudgementRecommend

  • Nagpuri

    From your writings I can only conclude you really are trying hard to not love india.

    I’m sure after some time you will as your Arab ancestors before. Greatest heagomony be it military or cultural in the history wa Arab nationalism in the form of Islam.

    I wonder why no Pakistani comment on parallels of past Muslim invasions and current ones by America in Iraq and Afghanistan?
    Recommend

  • water bottle

    Surprisingly well written. I say surprising because I hadn’t read anything from this person before.

    Couldn’t have said better: “While the journey for those migrating to Pakistan had been painful and
    demanded huge sacrifices, it was voluntary and the result of a conscious
    choice, driven by a zeal for their new homeland. On the other hand, for
    those migrating in the opposite direction it was an ugly imposition.
    Without going into the ideological and historical events of the
    division, it was and remains an emotional tragedy for the migrants to
    India; a rupture that they have not quite come to terms with.”

    However, this I won’t believe in a 100 years : “For many of them, I was the first Muslim and Pakistani that they had met.”

    First Pakistani, yes. First Muslim? really?Recommend

  • TiffinBox

    Indians can, pakistani cannot ….Recommend

  • khan of quetta

    so basicly we pathans gave you azad kashmir for nothing? tha sure sucksRecommend

  • truthspeakingIndophile

    We are ok with people like u living in India…but we can make everyone happy as we know there are many ajmal kasabs,faisal shahzad’s and afiya siddiqui’s in India hence we cant allow people from other side of border to make our country as pure as it is your’s….since,u live in delhi..u must njoyy the noise and air of delhi where there is no blasphemy laws…u can criticize whoever u want…u can make ur child study in whichever school u want…just njoyy…and Please dont tell other people from ur side much about India as we are already handling many pakistani’s and many more western people in silicon valley these days..these western people are coming here for IT jobs..there’s a competition with these people not pure people…Thanks..hope u do publish my comment…Recommend

  • lala

    A Pakistani of Kashmiri descent based in Srinagar..

    goood joke….just like pakistanis..u kashmiris are also seem to live in denial about ur history and geography…Recommend

  • Amar

    “For many of them, I was the first Muslim and Pakistani that they had met.” – I wonder which part of India those people are from. Pakistani I can understand, but how could an Indian not meet a Muslim? Most cities and towns have considerable Muslim populations (at least 10-15%), and I cannot imagine how one could not have met a Muslim.Recommend

  • Necromancer

    @Asma Khan Lone I hope the comments answered your question Pakistan and India can not live together with peace and tranquility the only solution is to construct a wall (like great wall of China) and cut off all ties with the Indians and there should be no contact from either side we should live in isolation from each other.Recommend

  • Qaiser Habib

    Nice one, Once Quaid -e-Azam Muhammmad Ali Jinnah was in Congress, convinced that together we stand. Please read history what happen next????Recommend

  • Pravin

    It is nice to know that you had good experience in Delhi and your Indian neighbors extended their helping hand whenever needed. I feel proud of them.Recommend

  • anand singh

    Asma,

    Indians are as human as Pakistanis. Also, in hindsight there was nothing wrong with the partition – the manner it was executed by the British was wrong. Our leaders – Jinnah, Nehru & Gandhi were equally culpable to the crime for allowing to have taken place in the manner that it did.

    Being leaders they ought to have known their people & should have foreseen the problems the hurried partition would have brought.

    Our leaders post independence are to blame for not being able to reconcile to their geography We suffer for the collective failures of all these put together.

    Thank you for your article – well written , simple , down to earth & refreshing.Recommend

  • puchasanyasi

    the problem is religion is taken too much dearer by most Pakistanis even those who claims they are not that much religious. however, most Indians dislikes this and more often thinks Pakistan as the hub of Islamofascism and terrorism. so, in a way let India develop in their own secular route while Pakistan needs to get bonded with Iran,Saudia and other Islamic nations IMO.Recommend

  • Last Word

    You can go back to pakistanRecommend

  • raj

    The idea of Pakistan came from our beloved leader not their’s so why crying now to stand together. Stop interfering with other country’s business and India Pakistan can work better.Recommend

  • SHASHANK

    we are already building one,dont worry!Recommend

  • abhi345

    No thanks. India needs to build a wall so high that pakistan shouldn’t even catch glimpse of india.Recommend

  • Anooop

    During the Cold War, Americans never watched Russian movies, but the opposite was not true. America was America, exporting Coke, Rock and Hollywood to the world. Economy wise too they were very different and headed in very different trajectories.

    I am sure an American and Russian walked into a bar, they would bond well and discover they both had the same skin color, both loved Vodka, both loved Hollywood,etc.

    Any 2 Human Beings with liberal leanings can bond over a cup of tea. But, the issue is the idea. USSR represented something which is drastically different to what America was about.

    Same with India and Pakistan. While a minority Religious member is the PM today in India, who answers to a Catholic from Italy, as per Constitution only a Muslim(not Ahmadis though) can become a PM or a President in Pakistan.

    FYI, you went to the one place in India which is so alike Pakistan. Try to go to any of the Southern Cities and try to bond with the locals. You would have entered an altogether alien world. You would, I bet, feel more home in Arabia than in, say, Chennai.

    A nice write up and I thoroughly enjoyed reading it. Thank you for proving Gandhi was right, Jinnah wrong.Recommend

  • Observer

    Partition was a mistake. Time answers many questions, Time is like a sieve, it proves wrong perceptions , wrong decisions. Indians are far better of. We in Pakistan are the plain losers.Recommend

  • Ayush

    I’m sure when she said “met” she meant gotten to know. It’s not surprising. Although we may meet Muslims, many Hindu families and Muslim families keep to themselves.
    She was probably the first Muslim they “befriended” and i can believe that. Many Hindus and Muslims freely mingle with each other but many keep to themselves.Recommend

  • Mano

    I am from South India and i strongly second your statement.Recommend

  • abhi

    You have made a good point about the following, this was the same thought I was thinking few days back after reading some articles on ET.

    “While the journey for those migrating to Pakistan had been painful and
    demanded huge sacrifices, it was voluntary and the result of a conscious
    choice, driven by a zeal for their new homeland. On the other hand, for
    those migrating in the opposite direction it was an ugly imposition.”Recommend

  • Arijit Sharma

    “Madhu”, a EU type of union would mean too many Muslims. Why do you think the EU has denied Turkey full membership ?Recommend

  • Arijit Sharma

    Asma, you are most welcome in India. You are family now.

    Before we try to answer your question “can’t a Pakistani and Indian live in harmony, I am going to pose you a challenge. I want you to publicly state that as a Muslim, you consider non-Muslims to be children of the same God and that if we are “good” we will get to God whether we call him Allah or Bhagwan, etc.Recommend

  • Alann

    Being an Indian, I agree yet disagree with your view. I (& I’m sure many others) don’t hate the common Pakistani out there, but I sure do have immense hatred for the Pakistani establishment.
    Nawaz Sharif has always been a dual-faced person, and he still hasn’t changed. On one end he talks of “going extra mile for peace”, on other end he objects to Indian entry to UNSC/ shouts ‘Kashmir!’ wherever he goes & asks other countries to intervene/ refuses to grant MFN to India. Same goes for the Pakistani military.
    Who doesn’t want peace? But how will there be peace if the soldiers of Pakistan’s armed forces stealthily attack & kill peacefully patrolling Indian soldiers, leading to tensions across LoC & between the countries? How can there be peace if certain “non-state elements” infiltrate into India & they come here, kill and behead Indian soldiers? How will there be peace if Pakistan simply denies everything, and instead lets anti-Indian militants like Hafeez Saeed walk around freely to incite hatred among Pakistani youth instead of filing charges on him, even when there’s ample evidence provided by India against such people?
    How can there be peace if Pakistan has not fulfilled even ONE commitment to India, while India has done every single one on its part?
    Consider this:
    India has always taken the first step towards peace among both the countries.
    Pakistan has always taken the first step in declaring wars on India and backstabbing India every single time.
    –Happened during Vajpayee’s visit. (Kargil)
    –Happened again when Manmohan Singh took initiative for peace (Mumbai)
    –Happened yet again when MMS again talked of peace in his second term, just this year (killing of Indian soldiers, sudden rise in violence in Kashmir valley)

    A certain hatred against India/Indians/Hindus has been sown in all parts of the Pakistani society by the establishment, for their own personal gains. And this won’t be changing in near future.Recommend

  • AnOpinion

    There are more muslims ( abou 2 million ) in and around Delhi than HIndus in all of Pakistan ! So please never compare India and Pakistan. India embarced secularism, pluralism and tolerance and gave home to now 160 million muslims while muslims in Pakistan drove Hindus out. India is the saiont here in comparison.Recommend

  • AnOpinion

    Short answer : No
    Long answer : Compare 16% Mulims in India today ( compared to 9% in 1947 ) to 1% Hindus in Pakistan ( compared to 22 % Hindus/sikhs in west pakistan in 1947 ). I need not say more. In India, what happened to Muslims in Indian Punjab, has happened to Hindus in all over W Pakistan from Sindh to NWFP to Punjab.Recommend

  • Pankaj

    As humans, there are hardly any difference……. but, as nations we are poles apart. One stands for religious hegemony, puritans……..while other for modernity, pluralism and secularism……Recommend

  • Sonny

    You are right but in India Muslims dont openly profess their religion and thus the writer is also right about her writing.

    This shows how duplicity prevails in so called secular India. Recommend

  • Hindu Indian

    “Why have we not been able to construct a more diversified understanding of our identity, rather than rushing into a homogenised religious interpretation?”. This line more or less sums up the different routes taken by India and Pakistan since independence. India , with visionary leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Nehru, Sardar Patel, M Azad, Ambedkar etc gave Indians a torch charged by ideals of religious tolerance, equality in all aspects to all , pluralism and core democratic values . Diversity was inculcated since beginning to be our strength rather than a weakness. Even today, in spite of diverse political , social forces acting since 1947..India has survived millions of internal mutinies !! India takes pride in their past , present and are very hopeful that the future is bright. All this may be due solid foundation laid by our forefathers and further strengthened by leaders who followed. We respect our Hindu civilisation as much as contribution made by Buddhism, Jainism, Islam , Sikhism, Judaism, Zoroastrianism! Indians have safe guarded symbols of all these religious forces be than Stupas, Temples, Mouslems, Masjids, Synagogues, Gurudwaras etc. and are proud of the rich culture. Even though there are always aberrations during long history when some extreme elements have tried to change course , but have failed miserably so far..and we are sure Indians would never let extreme elements to change core values, based on which modern India was founded. Pakistan on other hand chose a path which was more based on religious identity , ignoring the diverse culture it had among Pakistanis since centuries. Pakistan is more close to Eastern border than its western border..thats in the DNA of Pakistan . It seems the conflict in Pakistan is mainly due to East and West value system and innocent Pakistanis are unfortunate victims of this clash.Recommend

  • Surya

    Perhaps the reason the only reason you now find most displaced Pandits like myself in Delhi is because of the actions of the JKLF. Sorry, but we don’t need such false dialogue after what has happened to half a million of us…as a guest you are welcome in India, and I hope my fellow citizens treated you well in accordance with “athithi devo bhava” but having links to separatist groups, the Indian govt should reconsider your visa status going forward! Recommend

  • Vikram

    I hate terrorism only. Majority of Pakistanis want to live in peace.Recommend

  • Sonny

    India and Pakistan cannot live in peace until both of the countries, become more neutral.

    Indians and Pakistanis or bengalis or any other natinality lives in multi ethnic societies of Americas, and Europe live under a non subcontinent rulers. Therefore they will think twice before they fight with each other.

    If the same group of people will be in India or Pakistan they will be cutting each others throat.

    The reason is simple. Muslims ruled India for thousands of years and prejudice against educated Muslims and general Muslim population will continue to prevail. Two nation theory has been proven many times for those of you who wants to understand why Muslims and Hindus cannot live together they must read “Message of Peace” in English http://www.alislam.org/library/books/Message-of-Peace.pdf or in urdu it is called paigam e sulh https://www.alislam.org/urdu/rk/ volume 23Recommend

  • khan of quetta

    of course what you want to believe is different from realityRecommend

  • khan of quetta

    it depends upon your perspective it freed up azad kashmir from hindu rule punjab and hazara division benifited as well in fact all pakistan other than racist migrants benifited who wanted to eat the cake and ave it tooRecommend

  • gp65

    Are you kidding me? So when Muslims go to masjid, they pretend they are Hindus going to masjid? When so many women wear burqa or hijab is their identity not obvious? What abou their names? People think that names like Ali and Mohammed and Ayesha and Farha are Hindu names? Muslims have become President, Chief Justice, Chief Election Commisioner, Chief of Navy and so on in the public sector. In the private sector top business tycoon, film stars, singers, music directors, cricket captain have been Muslims.

    Some Muslims like Yusuf Khan kept a Hindu alias because they felt public would not support a Muslim. He was wrong of course since their Muslim names did not prove to be a barrier for Mohammed Rafi, Nargis or Naushad who were his contemporaries. Now of course no one bothers to hide their identities.

    Incidentally Hindu Muslim marriages also do not attract any negative reactions from public.

    Recommend

  • grandmasti

    very well said..pakistan should raise great wall of china across indo-pak border..Bloggers like her r living in false romanticism of India-pak friendship..Recommend

  • gp65

    People who would not befriend their Muslim neighbor or colleague or class fellow because of their religion had no trouble befriending Asma? I find Asma’s comment as being a made up Recommend

  • gp65

    This kind of blanket hatred helps no one. Pakistani politicians and armies policies towards India now it is quite easy to resent those.Recommend

  • gp65

    Honestly, that would be quite welcome. If good relations are possible great, if not isolation is desirable. What is not desirable is killing Indian citizens. It had denied that it was Pakistan army that was in Kargill at that time. In the same manner that to this day it claims tha India started 1965 war when its own Air Marshal at time of war Nur Khan has said clearly that Pakistan started the war. So naturally no one in India believes the current denials also.

    Recommend

  • gp65

    Madhu no visas were needed between Indiaand Pakistan until 1965. Indian government instituted visas only after 1965. Recommend

  • gp65

    If you think so, then the wrong decisions taken at time of partition can be reversed even without reversing partition per se. This isn’t theory by the way. Banladesh has become secular has it not? Neither India nor Bangladesh want to reverse partition just because Bangladesh is now secular just like India.Recommend

  • grandmasti

    if you say openly professing religion means cow slaughter then we r sorry..India is certainly not a place where barbarism of any kind will be tolerated by majority community..Recommend

  • gp65

    two nation theory was dead on arrival when 85% of Muslims living in what constitutes India oday chose to stay back in India instead of move to Pakistan proving that people of different religion can live in one nation. It was disproved once again in 1971 when a majority of what was then called Pakistan separated themselves from Pakistan proving that religion alone cannot hold people together.

    People in Pakistan have an urge to defend TNT because they feel otherwise they cannot justify existence of Pakistan. The fact is Pakistan is a reality. You no longer have to justify its existence. India has no desire to reverse Pakistan or at least it would have tried to partially reverse it in 1971 by refusing to vacate Bangladesh.Recommend

  • gp65

    Considering that she lived in Delhi with Indians and many non Muslim Indians helped her out time and time again, her personal experience clearly is not going to make her take the path you do.

    The reality is that barring some bigots most people do not automatically hate others and prefer peace. But if opening borders in the hope of peace leads to opening the doors to jihadis, naturally no one would support that.
    Recommend

  • Observer

    Yes, I totally agree with gp65. Both India and Bangladesh are far far better of. Pakistani’s mindset is basic problem. They wish to live the 66 yrs as the previous 66yrs.Recommend

  • Observer

    The reason for Pakistan’s creation was religion. This has been proved wrong with the passage of time. 85percent of Muslims stayed back ( good for them). Then came the major split in 1971, now we have the Balochistan problem, the Shia, Sunni problem, the terrorists problems, 40,000 to 50,000 innocent people have lost their lives, billions lost damages, schools, hospitals, mosques, markets, have been destroyed, people want to know, what for??. Can anyone answer.Recommend

  • Observer

    “Muslims ruled India for thousands of years….” some imagination.Recommend

  • Kaul

    Asma ji if your indications are a hint your chldren are at a NOIDA school, My cousins son (Kashmiri Pandit) is also at same school & would very often refer to a student sur-named Lone being his best friend…… when you said , “I noticed that my kids gravitated the most towards their Kashmiri Pandit classmates in school” i did dare to ask ….Recommend

  • Dipak Bose

    Qaiser Sahab,
    Surendranath Banerjee, leader of the Congress Party before Gandhi arrived from South Africa, was a member of the Muslim League too. In those days before 1915 it was possible for the Muslims to be in The Congress and the Muslim League at the same time. MA Jinnah was elected to the Bombay provincial assembly from an area reserved for the Muslims, as a Muslim League candidate.
    Both Surendranath Banerjee and MA Jinnah along with Anne Besant, Chittaranjan Das, Bipin Pal left Congress when Gandhi took over the Congress and joined hands with the Khilafat leaders.Recommend

  • Nero

    Speak for yourself and don’t hide behind the royal “We”!Recommend

  • Necromancer

    Everyone knows what Pak army has been doing for 67 years(Mumbai attack claimed by Indians) and same is with indian army (they are involved in Balochistan as claimed by Pakistan) the only solution to our problem is isolation and relieve more than 1.2 billion indians and 180 million pakistanis, and India needs to understand that people of Pakistan are hard to control (that includes Balochistan, KPK Punjab and sindh) if it wasn’t for them we would still be under british rule so it is a little difficult for Pakistan to control’s it population so India should understand and show little restraint and please one thing please no war even America could not win and are leaving after a decade with no success..Recommend

  • Talha Rizvi

    ET let a Pakistani comment for a change. To all the Indian trolls especially grandmasti lala, nagpuri, water bottle, abhi345, Indian, truthspeakingindophile( Obviously the troll who also comments by the name of Mohd. Tarekh, lol, raj, Lalakimaa and despite being an Indian pretends to be a Pakistani.), Mano, Last word, Tiffin box, SHA SHANK if you hate us so much then why are you showing your biased and hateful faces here. Can’t mind your own business? Just have to come here to troll?
    @ Surya: What happened to the muslims in muslim majority Jammu? 71-74% in 1947? If you guys didn’t protest over their destruction then why cry now if you got the same result. After isn’t this what you guys tell us over incidents of terrorism.
    @ Observer: Really ‘ we’ still trying to be pretending to be a Pakistani? By the way being an Indian satellite is what Bangladesh has achieved. We don’t want this fate for ourselves.Recommend