Appeasing the Baloch youth

Published: July 9, 2011

The Baloch youth feel a disconnect with their counterparts in other provinces due to stark differences in education.

The youth – the future leaders of this country – continue to bear the major brunt of the simmering conflict in Balochistan.

Unemployment stands at an all time high. Educational institutions in Balochistan are either mostly closed or only partially functional – either because of threats from Baloch militants or sporadic military sweeps through the areas, or strikes, called to protest for victims of target-killings.

Education at large has suffered due to frequent strikes. In 2010, more than 100 working days were lost due to the breakdown of law and order or because of political action, mostly by Baloch nationalist parties.

In the long run, the closure or frequent interruptions, is nothing less than an intellectual disaster in the making. An additional debilitating factor is the gradual but systematic elimination of the intelligentsia – professors, doctors, technocrats – largely Punjabi or Urdu-speaking settlers, or Shia Muslims.

The Baloch youth

The youth sees little prospects for future, and often talks of the disconnect that currently exists between the Baloch and the rest of the country.

Cumulatively, the dysfunctional educational institutions and the loss of intelligentsia, regardless of what cast or creed or ethnicity they belong to, is the real attrition that the Baloch society is undergoing right now. People who, for generations, have been in the forefront of educating future generations, are now in the line of fire. As a consequence, the Baloch youth is the biggest loser.

Most Baloch people look at the Chief Minister House, the Governor House and the Serena Hotel as symbols of an indifferent but affluent and mighty Islamabad – the capital is viewed as the perpetrator of an oppressive ruling elite, represented by an omnipresent Frontier Corps (FC). Most of the non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and foreigners are usually restricted to the hotels or the Cantonment area, and thus unable to gauge the situation on ground.

Perceptions and misconceptions

At a recent seminar in Islamabad, a social activist, born in Quetta, shared her experiences. Dr  Irum recalled how many of her colleagues and participants of consultations asked her:

“Oh, you managed to study in Quetta?”

She recalled:

“Many would ask me about the reasons for the intellectual backwardness and economic deprivation in Balochistan.”

Zahid Khan, a student from the Balochistan University, narrated similar experiences with Pakistani citizens from other regions:

“At times, people look at us as strange creatures from a different planet. Most people complain the Baloch are ignorant about the conditions of Balochistan.”

The disconnect

They experience the disconnect when they visit Islamabad and Lahore where, according to many Baloch youngsters, people are surprised to learn that they can speak English as well. These youngsters are also hurt to see the sea-difference of education standards of Balochistan and Islamabad.

Most of the youth find little empathy among their interlocutors in Islamabad or other major power centres. There is little appreciation for Baloch dissatisfaction with Islamabad’s ruling elite, and their displeasure with the military establishment, which is seen as the major source of instability in Balochistan.

Some of the points of the Aghaz-e-Huqooq Balochistan Package also relate to the youth and their concerns. The package promises more than 10,000 new jobs to the Baloch youth.

A few thousand jobs, we understand, have already been created and some are in the process. An official associated with the implementation process told a seminar on June 30 that more than 5,000 federal government vacancies had already been filled up, while the provincial government is in the process of hiring for another 6,000 jobs. If this hiring targets young educated Baloch, it can certainly help rub off some of the resentment that is currently running very high in the Baloch regions of Balochistan.

Ayatullah Durrani, a Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) member from Balochistan, also made some logical suggestions during the policy dialogue held jointly by ACTIONAID and the Centre for Research and Security Studies.

Durrani agreed with most of the Baloch complaints but asked aloud whether the Jamalis, Jogezais,  Achakzais, Raisanis, Bugtis or Rinds etcetera, ever dared setting up a single educational institution instead of competing in the latest brands of cars from Japan.

He conceded shortcomings in the implementation of the Rights’ package but underscored unity and sincerity among the leading politicians as a pre-requisite for clearing the backlog of over six decades.

If implemented swiftly and sincerely, the Rights’ package could likely serve as a glimmer of hope for the disenchanted Balochi youth.

Imtiaz Gul

Imtiaz Gul

The writer heads the Centre for Research and Security Studies in Islamabad and is author of The Al Qaeda Connection: The Taliban and Terror in the Tribal Areas (Penguin India, 2009)

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • http://natashasuleman.wordpress.com Natasha Suleman

    Baloch leadership is either divided into rebels or stooges. Nothing would change unless the leadership stands up for Baloch rights – rights granted by the constitution of Pakistan. Recommend

  • tunga

    i am one of those igorant lahorites who consider them as aliens!i regret but the fact of the matter is that many of us beleive that it is their inherent culture in balochistan which is preventing any kind of development in their part of the countryRecommend

  • Rehan

    Ask any Balochi, he/she will say they want independence. It really is the next Bangladesh, and few can stop it from going independent within the next decade.
    Pakistan is practically a Taliban state already, and most people are not only fundamentalist, but also racist towards Balochis. Thus, no Balochi wants to be a part of this country.
    Plus, Balochistan has more natural resources than all the other parts of Pakistan combined. Add to that a small population, and you can rest assure that Balochistan will develop a lot faster independently.
    Just my two cents.
    Regards,
    RehanRecommend

  • http://www.thefaultlines.com Fahim Khan

    Such is the case with Baloch youth that don’t even own Pakistan now. Their hopes are shattered and they cant see even a single ray of hope for their futureRecommend

  • Humayun

    Good read and good analysis. As for the baloch leadership, the situation (read hatred) has already slipped out of leaderships’ hands. At times i see the hatred in baloch youth pretty fair because they are the generation who is victim and witness to the bombardment, missing family members & friends, displacement from home. Any bodywho has got nothing to loose is usually more daring and dangerous. Recommend

  • http://www.thefaultlines.com Fahim

    Rehan : I know a lot of Baluchistan. They don’t ask independence. The only ask for their proper rights. What will you do even if you get independence? Will you succeed in getting your rights?
    It is a fact that Baluchistan didn’t get any rights but the Youth should fight of rit with Pen rather than Sword.

    Tunga: That is the reason they want to get a separate state. Because we all are ignorant in case of Baluchistan.

    WE ALL MUST WAKEUP TO START A MOVEMENT TO HIGHLIGHT THE DISPARITIES OF OUR BALOCH BROTHERS AND SISTERS.Recommend

  • http://www.thefaultlines.com Fahim

    Natasha : Though i am not a Baluch, i think using a word like STOOGE for someone followed by millions in the province can be offensive. Many may not take it well. This is what makes the Balochis angry, we dont respect anything associated to Baluchistan.Recommend

  • khan

    @tunga (I take some pleasure in paraphrasing him)
    i am one of those Pakistanis who consider Lahorites as ignorant aliens. It is their possible that it is their parochial culture that makes them think that all ‘patriots’ should think, speak and act like them.

    (If Lahoris can proudly broadcast their version of Pakistani culture, then so can Sindhis, Pathans and the Baloch)Recommend

  • Salah Baloch

    Due to Pakistanies agnorance about Balochistan , they also link the backwardness in Balochistan to the social structure and the sardari system !!

    But , they forget or choose to forget the fact that its actually the continues neglect of the all governments of Pakistan towards this region !!

    they have kept people tied to the basic needs of life that they wouldn’t have time to think about education and their other rights!!
    an average Baloch will spend his days and nights looking for a peace of bread and a glass of clean water for his children. When will he have time to think about educating his children ??

    Before , the people where silenced by the representatives of government of Balochistan who were in their turn bribed and silenced by the government in Islam Abad , but now since the Baloch have realized their rights and started demanding them , the establishment brought FC for them to silence them !!

    Education in Balochistan have been suffering for decades not just in the last two or three years as the writer suggested !!

    Yes , there are a few universities in Balochistan , but who was studying there really ??

    Do you have any idea about the number of Baloch who get admission to those universities ??

    Besides , the writer did not mention or did not wanted to mention the fact that colleges in Balochistan these days are more like military bases than educational institutions due to the extensive presence of FC there !!!Recommend

  • Farooq

    we have to seriously take the issues concerning Baluchistan and its youth or else we will lose another part of Pakistan Recommend

  • Salman Orangiwala

    @ Rehan

    Why do I get the feeling that your thought pattern and writing scent , somehow, smells closer to an Indian’s ?

    As if Indian’s donot have their coffer filled with lesser evil “situations ” , they need to poke thier dirty noses in Paksitan’s affair .

    Who is exploiting Baloch youths ?

    These Bugti , Leghari , Marri , Mazari Sardars are to be blamed for the ills of Balochs .

    If the Balochs need to take up arm , it should be agaisnt these so called Sardars .

    The Balochs voted in these corrupt to the core tyrants ,lecherously wanton Sardars for the past 60 + yrs , what they got in return are pang of hunger , illiteracy , and a Jagirdary system , while the Sardars gobbled up billions and trillions of ” Land -Revenue ” from the Govt . Recommend

  • http://www.thefaultlines.com Fahim

    Brothers, Please dont engage into a useless debate. These debates makes Balochis hate us more. Lets unite on a fact that Baluchistan didnot get its due share. Let us unite and start raising their voices and help them get their shareRecommend

  • http://www.balochwarna.com Ali Baluch

    The writer didnt dare to mention hundreds of those Baloch students who being abducted by the FC/ISI/MI in broad day light and now their bullet riddled bodies are appearing one by one.The university and colleges more looks like the Garrisson than an institute.FC on daily basis harrassing the Baloch students.The number of Baloch professors n teachers also killed by your FC/ISI/MI and proxies.The Balochistan basic probelm is not educational as prescribed by the writer.If you wants to know the issue of Balochistan then honestly start it from 27th March 1948,the day when Pakistan forcefully occupied the Balochistan.We learn from the history whenever a land subjected to be a colony then there colonisers intentionally keep them backwards in term of education etc in order that then cant compete with the colonisers and show those people an inferior creature that you are illiterate, lazy etc.This Sardari Nizam is being introduced by the British in order to divide and rule and prolong her occupation in Balochistan.

    Balochistan regained her independence on 11th August 1947 soon after the departure of the British from the region, and the British created Pakistan is now following the same old policy of the British ”Divide & ”Rule” . Today we see apart from 1/2 Sardars rest are part of the very same Government as said by the the Musharaf in his era 70 Sardars are with him. Those 70 sardars were the YES MAN of the state and they brought no prosperity than the exploitation of the Baloch national resources and same in current government.Yes we accept these Sarkari Sardars along with the State are the responsible of the backwardness of the Balochistan.Because of these puppet sardars Pakistan is prolonging her illegal occupation in Balochistan.

    Pakistanis should be stop worrying about us that how would we survive after regaining our indepedence.For your kind information when when there was a no existence of Pakistan but Baloch were alive on their own motherland Balochistan.And by the grace of almighty God we have everything to be survive, if the rest of Pakistan could be alive on our natural resources.The Balochistan Gas is running your commerical and domestic industries, Inshallah Once Balochistan will regain her Independence , then the existence of Pakistan will be questionable… Would you guys survive? Recommend

  • Rehan

    @ Salman Orangiwala

    I am Balochi, nothing else. Not Pakistani, and definitely not Indian. In fact, the Baloch people were never ethnically a part of India, while Punjabis and Sindhis were. You are Indian, you have the same genes as Indians, the same culture, the same language etc. all this just with a Pakistani passport. I am Balochi, and thus have nothing in common with Indians, and have even happily given up my Pakistani passport like many other Balochis. :)

    Regards,
    RehanRecommend

  • http://occupiedbalochistan.blogspot.com Abdul Bugti

    please get offended guys, these are the bitter facts i am telling!

    First of all, all of u know that v was not,are not and niether will be pakistanis, but lemme tell you some of ur problems,

    1: u don’t even know who we are, anyone reading this comment must scroll up to the above comments u’ll surely notice that pakistanis write us “Balochis” which is the noun of our language .

    2: u think that the major problem of Occupied Balochistan is that sardars and nawabs are the obstacles in the way of development however, all of u know that there is no sardari system in Makran (as the writer said) then how come there is no sign of development is being found there. another example is pro-independence Balochs do not support sardars but ur government do CM is a nawab, and recently mir aali was brought to dera bugti by ur military

    there is a long list to go but Baloch have made a commitment, They want Freedom, an independent Balochistan where they can enjoy their all rights Recommend

  • MKD

    @Khan

    Thumbs up! Hope the Lahorite get the message.
    Recommend

  • Tariq

    @Salman Orangiwala:
    This is a typical response from a Punjabi. Whenever a Baloch raises his voice against his real problems, the Punjabis have always either pointed fingers to the Sardars or India. Always looking for a scapegoat to avoid the real problem. The Baloch need independence both from the feudals and the Pakistani establishment that exploits the feudals against the ordinary Baloch. The Baloch must be free so that they can be democratic and self ruled. So that they can take care of their own resources and educate their children. The Baloch will take up arms against all their oppressors. However it would be much better if they were peacefully let go. Southern Sudan is an example of what a determined but poor people can do if they ultimately persist. Our time too is coming. Recommend

  • Salman Orangiwala

    @ Tariq

    look carefully at the suffix of my name . I am not a Punjabi ,
    Yes once my ancestors were staunch “Pakistanis” bieng the migrators , but as for myself …..well……..

    I have all the sympathy with the Baloch people , especailly the way the state and the LEAs are picking up innocent Baloch people and making them disapper , their desparate family memebers , especailly old ,tearful mothers running pillar to post asking justice ,which we all know will never be any !!!

    Trust me nobody has these nightmarish experiences of an imposed state sponsored “Army Opeartion ” better than us as we have faced this in Karachi in the 90s by the so called defender of the faith ( you know who )

    But why the Indians have to to be involved in it with all their sinisterity ?
    Why all your Sardars live such lavish lives in the most affluent hoods of LHR , KHI and ISL .( if you have missed the controversial killing of the Taeh Bugti , read it )

    I used to work for a famous pipeline construction company in Dhadar ,I myself used to pay one of your very (in)famous Clan leading Sardar , such a hefty amount every month on behalf of the company , just to carry out our operation ( Govt contract ) peacefully .

    Needless to say the money used to exchnge hand in the PALACE of the Sardar in Karachi , while at the same time I had witnessed poor people of Dhadar used to swallow
    flour ( atta ) dissolving in water as eating SAALAN used to be considered a luxury .

    You have a legitimte grievance , you have the right to address it and fight for it . We would be there to support you , BUT do some soul searching as well .

    Keep India out of it .
    Get the Sardars to distribute thier ill-gotten wealth to the poor masses of Balochistan .
    ( who would dare to do so )

    PS : I have visted a lot …lot and also had the chance to visit Sibbi , Dhadar and Bela on a moonit night , I can swear on my life no place on this earth is as beatiful as Balochistan .

    Please keep it beautiful and ask whoever you know , not to make it drenced with the blood of the innocent settlers who has nothing to do with the agony and pain of Balochistan .Recommend

  • Danish Baloch

    I am so glad that all Balochis on this article have agree on the independence of Balochistan! To all those who think Balochis don’t want independence: just ask even one Balochi and find out for yourself what they think of Pakistan. God willing, our independence is not far away. Question is, what will you Pakistanis do when your Natural Gas supply runs out? Don’t come to Quetta asking for more, we will charge full price. :pRecommend

  • Babar Ahmad

    @Rehan

    True, your language is more close to Iranian languages. But your ancestors migrated in medieval times into the territory that is Pakistan.

    Maybe 95% of Punjabi or Sindhi ancestors were once hindu. Perhaps Baluchi ancestors were Zoroastrians.

    However, to migrate into Pakistan and then ask for your state is too much. It totally unacceptable. Your migrated into Pakistan, we let you settle in Pakistan and then you ask for your own state.

    Perhaps you should go back to Central Asia and take your country back from Uzbeks or Mongols. The Mongols would have massacred your ancestors if had stayed. Be thankful your ancestors migrated. Know your history.Recommend

  • Samir

    @ Salman Orangiwala – no one brought India “into it” except you. Why must you always think there is a foreign hand. The Baloch have been mistreated and want their freedom. India has nothing to do with it. Unlike Bangladesh, India won’t be physically able to come to help liberate the Baloch should the choose to pursue a more aggressive vision for independence which means the Baloch must find other ways to get there. Until the rest of us Pakistanis understand this, we won’t understand the situation.Recommend

  • Izgul Baloch

    @Babar
    It is must for to get some knowledge about Baloch history …Baloch nation is not belongs to mangol or uzbek ,for ur kind information baloch nation belongs to the MEDIANS .When our ancestors migrated from Caspian to present Balochistan when thr were no existance of pakistan….
    Balochistan regained her independence on 11th August 1947 soon after the departure of the British from the region, and the British created Pakistan is now following the same old policy of the British ”Divide & ”Rule” . Today we see apart from 1/2 Sardars rest are part of the very same Government as said by the the Musharaf in his era 70 Sardars are with him. Those 70 sardars were the YES MAN of the state and they brought no prosperity than the exploitation of the Baloch national resources and same in current government.Yes we accept these Sarkari Sardars along with the State are the responsible of the backwardness of the Balochistan.Because of these puppet sardars Pakistan is prolonging her illegal occupation in Balochistan.

    Pakistanis should be stop worrying about us that how would we survive after regaining our indepedence.For your kind information when when there was a no existence of Pakistan but Baloch were alive on their own motherland Balochistan.And by the grace of almighty God we have everything to be survive, if the rest of Pakistan could be alive on our natural resources.The Balochistan Gas is running your commerical and domestic industries, Inshallah Once Balochistan will regain her Independence , then the existence of Pakistan will be questionable… Would you guys survive?Recommend

  • Amjad

    @Rehan: Who are you fooling? I know many an Indian thinks and wishes what you say but why are 1000’s of Baluchis signing up to join Pak army. Moreover, if you had been to Baluchistan, you would know that about 1/2 the population there are Pashtun who are pro Pakistan.A few paid agents of India paying money to a few corrupt sardars won’t change anything. Even most of the decent sardars are with Pakistan.Recommend

  • Rehan

    @ Babar Ahmad
    Religion was never in my argument. Indian does NOT equal Hindu. Indian is an ethnicity, and a culture. Take a Punjabi in Lahore, and compare him with another in Amritsar, and they will have exactly the same genes, culture, way of speaking, traditions, and language. Same with all other parts of Pakistan and India. The Baloch, however, are completely different. We are not Indian by ethnicity or culture, we are Persian. And thus we don’t belong in South Asia like Bangaldeshis, Indians, and Pakistanis. So, maybe we were Zoroastrians and you Hindus, but that doesn’t even matter! But, then again, in modern Pakistan, rational arguments, i.e. those that can be made without bringing religion in, are non-existent.
    I’ll say it again: The Baloch do not want to live in Pakistan, a completely radicalized and fundamentalist state that was created only by accident (Jinnah was a good friend of the British). We are happy on our own. Please let us be. Thank you.
    Regards,
    RehanRecommend

  • Babar Ahmad

    @Izgul Baloch

    Read carefully what I wrote. I know your ancestors are not from the sub-continent. You migrated here. The land where you came from is now ruled by people of Uzbek or Mongol ancestry. Before Genghis Khan the Iranian people also lived deep inside central asia. They were driven out or massacred when the Mongols invaded.

    Be GRATEFUL you are in Pakistan. The Mongols would have killed you and the women would been made into sex slaves. Look at the central asians they now have high cheek bones and slit eyes.

    By the way the Iranian people are very close ethnically and linguistically to the Indians.Recommend

  • frank

    rehan

    Indian is an ethnicity, and a culture.
    Take a Punjabi in Lahore, and compare
    him with another in Amritsar, and they
    will have exactly the same genes,
    culture, way of speaking, traditions,
    and language.

    I think you mean Punjabi is a culture and an ethnicity. Take a Punjabi from Lahore and compare him with an Indian in Agra and they won’t have the same genes, culture, traditions or language.

    BTW, Baluch are Iranian in origin and though they retain their Iranian language and culture they are no longer Iranian by blood becuase of centures of intermarriage with Sindhis and Punjabis. Recommend

  • Pro Bono

    Balochistan will never become independent because of the reasons below:
    (1) There is no India between the rest of Pakistan and Balochistan and hence no mischief.
    (2) About half of Balochistan’s population is Pashtun.
    (3) Independence of Pakistan’s Balochistan will cause problems in Iranian Balochistan-Sistan and hence not only Pakistan but Iran will never let it happen.
    (4) Ethnic Baloch are not a huge population, the seperatists even less. In a huge land mass, such scattered and divided population is no match for million man total armies of Pakistan and Iran.
    (5) Millions of Baloch are living peacefully and prosperously in Lahore, Karachi, Multan etc etc. Any independence movement will not auger well for them.

    I agree that Baloch grievences need to be addressed but so are the grievances of other poor regions from all over Pakistan. I am so tired of bleeding heart media giving so much importance to just Balochistan. Baloch sardars are the main problem who loot and rape their own people.Recommend

  • Jea Sindh

    I say it is inborn right of the balochees to proclaim their freedom as by 1940 Pakistan resolution and khan of kalat stated before joining hands with the Pakistani establishment comprised of the army and elite class Punjabi bureaucrats that if disdained from the Pakistan they could go independent, it could be found in the history not only this but 1940 clearly states that Pakistan would be a loosely federation of autonomous provinces which also turned out to be just a peace of paper in 1954 when one unit was implemented by army and punjabi laid bureaucrats just to counter great Bangladesh as that would have transformed the power to Bengali brothers.
    It is the land of saints The Sindh Motherland which had suffered the most at the hands of army and punjabi establishment after the balochees, if we closely go thorough the history its always been the Sindh who has sheltered and fed such people, it was Sindh who hearty welcomed the migrating settlers and gave them shelter, food, and running business but to their dismay they started killing the real inhabitants of Sindh who were non Muslims obviously, and started looting and plundering them, while they dont even paid the heed to integrate with the Sindh inhabitants they refused to learn Sindhi which was even obligatory in the British Era, Even the British officer had to learn the inhabitants language and customs, But they refused and maligned the Sindhi inhabitants with the help of Punjabis, From which they suffered most in the very past, But yet still i could see that now The ”muhajir Sooba zaroori” ha chalking a deep controversial act to start the ethnic fights among the Sindhi and Urdu-speaking Sindhi by establishment to again parse a military coup.
    Even all the well settled and educate Balochs are basically Sindhi, cause they are born and educated of Sindh. Yet still it is the Sindh who suffers the most i dont get it right why in the heck these military and Punjabi fanatics really want? They had already torned the country apart due to their negligence, i mean what in the heck that in Karachi after the Urdu language it is Punjabi which is spoken the most and then Pushto and then Sindhi!
    I say that Sindh being a part of Pakistan had only suffered and no one has ever cared to tend the wounds of it, i dont understand that a freaking punjabi and pushton inhabitant come over here and get settled and then say then only employ his own ilk and then proudly says that sindhis are not that much eligible and are devoid of literacy and education, Sindh always been the International Yateem Khana, might they be after partition cause except sindh no one wanted to accomade the now Urdu speaking sindhees, Might it be heavily influx of punjabis and pathans in the search of bread and butter, while this constant influx turned out to be drastic for the sindhi inhabitants who had BECAME A MINORITY IN THEIR OWN LAND LIKE BOLOCHEES, Here i can proudly say that we the Sindhis and Balochs only gave tough time to Goraas while one could find that birtish army was comprised heavily of Punjabes and Pathans, and after leaving this subcontinent they awarded these TRAITORS as the new Oppressor.
    If thats attitude continues and the Sindh problems are not addressed then i can guarantee that the next independent movement would incurr in Sindh and it would also stand up for their righteous Independence.
    Jeay Sindh
    A Son Of SindhRecommend

  • Shahid

    Being a Punjabi, and as an ordinary citizen, I feel ashamed and sorry for the crimes Pakistan has committed against poor Baloch People. Balochistan should be a free state with full control over its resources. Recommend

  • Rsingh

    Just give Baluchis fair share in natural resources it produces. They would happy and they would give up arms.
    In India, Kashmirs give no Tax to government of India instead Indian government pours thousands of crores in Kashmir.Recommend

  • Baloch

    These sardars are hurdles in both development as well as in the independance of Balochistan…Recommend

  • imtiaz

    dear friends,
    i would request all Balochi friends to be a little dispassionate (non-emotional) when reading stories or articles about Balochistan. It is quite furstrating that instead of appreciating a write-up which highlights the problems of Balochi youth and Balochistan, political activists start hurling abuse at writers. The space we have in papers is just 750 words. How much can you cover in those words. And please keep in mind; some times this attitudes reflects the way military establishments or dictatorial regimes think. They want to read everything and listen to all things according to their desire. Taliban militants want the same, and many Balochi appear to be wanting the same.
    Dearr friends, every writer / journalists has his or her limitations, own thoughts and style. And there will always be shortcomings in the writings. Our objective should be to indulge in healthy criticism, point out shortcomings and weaknesses. This is how you can make the best of the space available in media to project your views and problems. thank you very much.Recommend