The well-remembered Gandhi, but the oft-forgotten Bacha Khan

Published: January 21, 2015

Bacha Khan, the legendary Pashtun social reformer. PHOTO: Bacha Khan Centre, Peshawar, Pakistan.

When we look back at our history, almost every country in the world has experienced some form of foreign occupation, colonisation, massive violence and bloodshed simply based on either regional, religious, ethnic, or racial conflict. And while most of the leaders, who’ve led such warfare and occupations, have been violent and tyrannical, there have also been a few, very few, leaders who have gone against the status quo, and only believed in and promoted non-violence.

These exceptional leaders have hailed from all over the world, of which some prominent examples include Baha’u’llah from Persia, Martin Luther King Jr from America, the Dalai Lama from Tibet, Nelson Mandela from South Africa, Mohandas Gandhi from India, and Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan from our very own Pakistan.

Yesterday, January 20, marked the 27th death anniversary of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, also widely known as ‘Bacha Khan’ – translating to ‘King Khan’ from Pashto. Born in 1890, in the town of Utmanzai in what was formerly known as the ‘North West Frontier Province’, in India, Bacha Khan dedicated the majority of his life teaching his fellow Pukhtuns the value of tolerance. His main exertion often centred on their education, mannerism, self-respect, well-being and self-reliance.

Though he lived a fairly long life, roughly one out of every three days of his life were spent in prison — eventually even surpassing the number of years the legendary Mandela had spend in jail. And this was mainly due to his activities towards the betterment of Pukhtuns, which worried both the religious leaders and British rulers, who speculated threats to their power in the subcontinent. Following the partition of 1947, Bacha Khan – being a close friend of Gandhi and a staunch Pukhtun nationalist – suffered severely at the hands of the Pakistani establishment; his alleged separatist sentiments often putting him on the wrong side of those in power.

His passion towards education, for both girls and boys, and the creation of schools in villages especially created quite a melee; his work was not seen as positive reinforcement but taken instead as ‘rebellion’ – an opposition. And, yet, despite being constantly persecuted, Bacha Khan incessantly defied their ill-intentions and retaliated with selfless devotion and preaching of nonviolence.

Often compared to Mohandas Gandhi, whom he met in 1919, he was given the title of the ‘Frontier Gandhi’.  However, I personally disagree with this title simply because Bacha Khan is his own unique person and should never have to be referred to or viewed in someone else’s shadow (or name, in this case). And, though he and Gandhi shared similar visions, they were undoubtedly two quite distinct individuals.

Shortly after meeting Gandhi, for two decades thereafter Bacha Khan and his army of Red Shirts, a nonviolent, democratic and secular liberation movement that he founded called the Khudai Khidmatgars’ (Servants of God), struggled alongside Gandhi and the Congress party for a united, democratic and secular India. The British, in turn, responded brutally by carrying out a terrible massacre at the Qissa Khawani Bazaar (the storytellers’ market) in the then peaceful Peshawar city in 1930, where it was their first major confrontation with the non-violent demonstrators.

It was the Khudai Khidmatgar’s dedication to Bacha Khan and his approach to nonviolence that infuriated and perplexed the British even further, compelling them to torture and humiliate the great leader, resulting in countless accusations and imprisonment. Yet, Bacha Khan refused to be defeated, time and time again, notwithstanding his peaceful and liberal views, especially with regards to secularism and women’s rights.

He is famously quoted as saying,

“If you wish to know how civilised a culture is, look at how they treat their women.”

It was here that Bacha Khan became a Pukhtun folk hero. There is no doubt that his incredible life and struggle for peace are one of the greatest unprecedented stories of our time.

Besides the excellent biographies written by Rajmohan Gandhi titled ‘Ghaffar Khan: Nonviolent Badshah of the Pukhtuns’ and Eknath Easwaran’s, ‘Nonviolent Solider of Islam’, there is a brilliant documentary by Teri McLuhan, called ‘The Frontier Gandhi – Badshah Khan, A Torch For Peace’. Very little is otherwise known and written about Bacha Khan, especially in the West. Even more unfortunate is the fact that almost everyone in the world knows (and talks/writes) about Mahatma Gandhi, yet not too many people do so about Bacha Khan.

The great leader is remarkably absent from many Pakistani history books — or, worse, referred to in passing. He has rarely been mentioned even in the media, until very recently, when Malala Yousafzai mentioned him in a speech she gave at the UN, in 2013, in which she stated,

“…This is the philosophy of non-violence that I have learnt from Gandhi jee, Bacha Khan and Mother Teresa. And this is the forgiveness that I have learnt from my mother and father. This is what my soul is telling me, be peaceful and love everyone.”

So, let’s commemorate this great man not only on his death anniversary, but every single chance we get. Do it in whatever manner you can; blog about him, write articles, make films, or just talk about him on social media – don’t forget your own. Let his struggles serve as a reminder that one doesn’t need to be violent in order to bring about change, for change can be possible through peaceful means as well.

It is about time the world learns from the struggles of this great non-violent leader.

samar.esapzai

Samar Esapzai

The author is a mommy, writer, visual artist and academic. Her areas of interest include gender relations, women's empowerment, maternal mental health, and anything and everything related to her people, the Pashtuns. She blogs at sesapzai.wordpress.com and tweets at @sesapzai (twitter.com/SesapZai)

The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of The Express Tribune.

  • Rahul

    Great article. Unfortunately Pakistanis feel compelled to put Jinnah on a pedestal and worship him. They have forgotten their glorious history and all the other wonderful leaders they had.Recommend

  • Rahul

    Great article. Unfortunately Pakistanis feel compelled to put Jinnah on a pedestal and worship him. They have forgotten their glorious history and all the other wonderful leaders they had.Recommend

  • Rashid Ahmedkutty

    The fact of the matter is Pakistan does not really deserve people like Khan…….He was awarded Bharat Ratna by Indian government and even 2 markets in India named after him “Khan market” and “Ghaffar market..” He can be put in the bracket along with Maulala Azad as visionary leaders ….Recommend

  • Fighter Man

    For me it is enough to hate him that he was against the creation of Pakistan.Recommend

  • someone

    Pakistanis never cared about non violent people. Pakistanis just care about “direct action” people.Recommend

  • Imran Ahmed

    I know little about him. Tell us more.Recommend

  • Xoxo

    Pakistan has forgotten about him, because he wasn’t liked by the establishment.

    His name and his work is testament to the fact that a large number of Muslims were against partition based on religion. And it throws light on the fact that Muslim league and Jinnah’s motivation for partition was based on thirst for power than the goodwill of people.Recommend

  • Deen Sheikh

    Traitors like him and his ANP should be made an example off and not glorified the way this blog glorifies, late bacha khan has an airport(peshawar) and a chowrangi in Hyderabad named after. him. Never accepted Pakistan, he actually said creation of Pakistan is like throwing the pashtund to a pack of wolves. Ethnic nationalism was used by him to get generations of pashtuns to reject their nation state and identity.Recommend

  • Hassan S Hakeem

    A person who refused to be buried in Pakistan & instead in Soviet occupied Afghanistan !

    This should be taught to every child in Pakistan…..Recommend

  • Qasim

    What is so great about the people you used in example of great people.

    Baha’u’llah – Made up a religion & claimed to be prophet. You do know that made him wajib-ul-qatal.

    Martin Luther King Jr – A Non-muslim who could no achieve a separate country for African Americans and got himself fooled in to accepting equal right while a separate state would have given him all the rights.

    Dalai Lama – claims to be prophet of god in another religion.

    Nelson Mandela – A Non-muslim who could no achieve a separate country for coloured South African and ended up ruling a country where Caucasians still control majority of wealth and resources .

    Mohandas Gandhi – A hindu

    Quite rightly, Bacha Khan fits in this category.

    Why cant youth of Pakistan real heros this world have seen. Write about Salah-ud-deen ayubi, Mohd. Bin Qasim, Ahmed Gauri, Ahmed Shah Abdali, Mahud Gazni etc who liberated millions from their false religion beliefs in to one true religionRecommend

  • Devil’s Advocate

    What a waste of a post. Samar, do you realize Bacha Khan was anti-Pakistan. Being a Pashtun myself, I am very happy being a citizen of Pakistan. There is no point in rehashing the failures of history. Bacha failed to establish an independant Pashtun state, therefore by definition he is a failure. Go write about something meaningfulRecommend

  • Salim Alvi

    Maulana Azad was pigmy compared to Gaffar KhanRecommend

  • Feroz

    Bacha Khan is a tall man in every sense of the term. People like Gandhi and Bacha Khan were tall leaders because they practiced what they preached and had faith that all goals could be achieved through peoples movement and non violent protest. In India every citizen recognizes the significant contribution of these two titans to the Freedom movement and the sacrifices they made, spending years in jail. These were men you could not bend. India recognized the contribution from this upright Pashtun leader by conferring its highest civilian honour the Bharat Ratna, years before Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was awarded it. Very sad to see that the world is not producing such upright political characters anymore.Recommend

  • Abuzar Jamil

    Its sad to see what his descendants did to what he created after decades of hardship.But his legend remains and he will be remembered for his vision in politics and the resilience he showed towards the British. A great article for sure.I remember his one saying about the meddling of Pakistan in the Soviet and Afghan war and i’ll try to translate it from Pushto “Its the fight of elephants( US and Russia) and the toads(Pakistan) should not interfere”.I guess we somewhat got crushed after that.Recommend

  • Feroz

    Are you now able to see why Bacha Khan thought the creation of Pakistan was a bad idea, more so for the Pashtun people. You clearly do not have the vision he had, secondly why would he settle for a moth eaten Pakistan, when he had all of India a country he loved and served selflessly.Recommend

  • Fighter Man

    You are right! We do not need such Pakistan hater.Recommend

  • Fighter Man

    Jinnah was and is indeed our hero and was one of the visionary leaders for we Pakistanis and we also love and respect him a lot from the deep core of our hearts. I can feel the pain of Indian haters. :)Recommend

  • Salman Shareef

    If Bacha Khan was alive today and living in India, He would have been converted into Hindu by Modi Sarkar.Recommend

  • imran

    violence breeds violence, denial of human dignity creates revolutionaries- bacha khan…. perhaps the only leader on this side of attock bridge whos absence is more felt than his presence …. although his dream of a developed n educated pukhtoon never seen the light of the day yet his legacy continues…. the blogger has definitely done a brilliant job by writing a blog about our great great great baba…….Recommend

  • Salman Shareef

    Jinnah and Iqbal were most mature and visionary leaders than Bacha who had understood that how the Muslims would be treating by Fanatics hindus in coming days and today we are seeing the same that how Extremist Hindus Organizations are converting Muslims and Christians into Hindus forcefully.Recommend

  • Hunaid

    Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was one of the first few left-wing secular politicians of India, the others being Sardar Atuallah Khan Mengal and Akbar Khan Bugti etc. The Pakhtuns, under leadership of Bacha Khan were the first secular people of Pakistan, not Jinnah. Jinnah only has a faux secular image made by the young population.

    It makes me remorseful that and that Bacha Khan has been tormented for perceiving Pashtunistan for the people of the frontier. The fact that he wasn’t allowed to realize his dream and was surrounded by right-wing pro-partition population after partition makes it abundantly clear that those elements were power hungry as Bacha Khan would have been able to run Pashtunistan and secured “rights for Muslims” as Jinnah’s had allegedly wanted. His idea would also have averted hostility from Afghanistan regarding territory near the Durand Line.

    It could also be said that Bacha Khan had predicted the Punjabi colonization that we face today. He was secular before it was cool.Recommend

  • Arsalan Ahmad

    great article! thanks for educating me about this forgotten heroRecommend

  • Sami

    Talking about Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan in reference with Dalai Lama, Martin Luther and Nelson Mandela is too much for me. He might be a leader but a not of that stature at all. He was the Ethno-Centric leader and he never talked much outside the spectrum of Pushtuns. Also he used many references in his writings that Glorifies his own Ethnicity and disparage the others.
    Also it is pretty sad that when it comes to peace and equality we are forgetting our Sufis like Bullay Shah, Sachal Sarmast, Baba Farid and countless others. They were talking about the same values many centuries ago when all of the mentioned leaders were not even born.Recommend

  • http://peddarowdy.wordpress.com/ Anoop

    If you read his writings, he pleads to the British and Congress “You have thrown us to the wolves”. He knew what a Pakistan had in store for him and his people – Religion would take over, despots would reign.

    Wasn’t he spot on?

    Your hatred is based on some tribalistic notion of patriotism, while Bacha Khan’s message trancends time and nationality, like that of Gandhi.Recommend

  • Rahul

    History has proved those Muslims that opposed the creation of Pakistan as correct. This included Bacha Khan as well as Maulana Azad. Maulana Azads speech on the future of Pakistan given at Jama Masjid in 1946 appears here

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Q7p3_fZCKw

    His interview appears here

    https://koolblue.wordpress.com/2010/01/18/maulana-abul-kalam-azad-the-man-who-knew-the-future-of-pakistan-before-its-creation/Recommend

  • Abdul Khan

    Zaid Hamid refereed our beloved Bacha Khan as traitor in one of his videos. He is one of the most popular in social media person. That shows how we love our great leaders and respect them!Recommend

  • Deven

    Mimicry artists are not remembered. They can’t take place of Heroes.Recommend

  • Mehreen Malik

    Ghaffar Khan was a Satunch Pukhtun Nationalist or in other words an Ultranationalist. In my understanding an UItranationalist always act in a Partisan manner when it comes to any matter that challenges one’s group in any manner. So calling a Staunch Nationalist a Greatest leader is pretty bizzarre and miscalculated.
    No world leader can ever state that he or she is a Nationalist but at the same time he is a Global leader and think in a global manner. Mentioning Ghaffar Khan with Dalai Lama and other global leaders is an insult in my view. Also i contest against the notion that he was the greatest leader of that time. He might be the greatest in his ethnicity but other than that he could not be elevated to the ranks of the greatest leaders at all.

    I want to quote an Example of Hazrat Muhammad ( PBUH ) that he never ever uttered a word about Arab nationalism and never ever promulgated that Arab thoughts are Superior based on ethnic lines. Similarly any leader who expresses himself in a manner of global wisdom rather than thinking of his race or ethnicity as superior can only be taken as a global leader of any kindRecommend

  • margalla

    Would India name a market after Maqbool Butt shaheed or give him a national award?Would they do the same for Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale too?Recommend

  • Humanist

    I don’t know anybody who worships Jinnah, he does have a cult following like Gandhi and Ghaffar Khan and Mendela and Churchill, but at the end of the they’re all humans who’ve been over glorified for a little good, none off them are perfect, so none should be worshippedRecommend

  • nixor

    After Pakistan’s creation Bacha Khan had met Jinnah and pledged allegiance to Pakistan, and that’s why to this day, the ANP is part of mainstream Pakistani politics, they aren’t a separatist party.Recommend

  • Samir

    well I would like to ask ppl on both sides ..if Independence was achieved by sacrifices done by ppl from both sides for a common goal then y do we celebrate these leaders achievements in isolation(like Jinnah in Pakistan and Nehru from India) ..if they all did sacrifices for a common goal then y not hold all the people from both sides in both countries on the same pedestal ..y such a hypocrisy !Recommend

  • Yo2Da2

    Bingo! That is the reason he is not remembered or honored in Pakistan but is definitely remembered and honored in India. Is Jinnah’s vision even remembered and followed? Prediction: Mumtaz Qadri will be remembered longer than any of the genuine leaders.Recommend

  • reuben

    Great article. Its a sad truth that we as a nation do not honor our heroes.Recommend

  • jee non

    Why bcoz,Gandhi some what sucessful in Hindu unity,Bacha khan for get abt muslims even failed to unite Pakthun or peace.Recommend

  • Shashank Manickam

    Bacha Khan was indian and pashtun……………………..Recommend

  • rajiv

    Badshah khan is famous in India. He is our history books also.
    Why he is not famous???
    Bcoz 3 out of 4 comments are from india…
    1 frm PAK tht too hates him.Recommend

  • Anami

    He’s not forgotten in India. There seems to be about one significant book on him every decade.

    It’s interesting that India does not equate anyone else with Gandhi. There is no “South Indian Gandhi” or “Bengali Gandhi”, for example. Ghaffar Khan was the only one who was considered to be of the same stature as Mahatma Gandhi.

    Apart from the two books mentioned in the article, there is also “The Pathan Unarmed” by Mukulika Banerjee who, after learning Pashto, managed to interview 70 surviving Red Shirts.

    Apart from the Qissa Khawani Bazaar massacre, the red shirts also suffered the Bhabhra massacre in Independent Pakistan. It wouldn’t be surprising if most educated Pakistanis don’t know about it.

    The barbarism of the Taliban today brings to mind his quote about the Pashtun people “I want to show the world how beautiful they are, these people from the hills, and then I want to proclaim: ‘Show me, if you can, any gentler, more courteous, more cultured people than these’”Recommend

  • MalikBrother

    “Following the partition of 1947, Bacha Khan – being a close friend of
    Gandhi and a staunch Pukhtun nationalist – suffered severely at the
    hands of the Pakistani establishment; his alleged separatist sentiments
    often putting him on the wrong side of those in power.”

    He was a Pukhtun nationalist. Jinnah is revered because his ideology of Pakistan represents everyone including minority. Pakistan is home to many races and belong to everyone. Pakistan doesn’t deserve bacha khan whose ideology lies and end with Pukhtoonistan. I am glad Pakistan is not Pukhtoonistan nation.Recommend

  • Riya

    Please be happy to be informed that Indians adore and Love Khan sahib, whom we fondly address as Frontier Gandhi. That is not to take away his greatness. Simply because he himself never resented it. I hope and pray that he gets his well deserved place in Pakistani History. As to the history of the subcontinent, his place is well recognized and secure. Thanks for the articleRecommend

  • Sohaib

    Ah come dear indian readers and smell the flatulence that this article is, laid down specially for your keen senses that have over the years refined themselves to attune to bullshit that our so called news websites publish.

    Bacha Khan was at-most a glorified lota. Gandhi endured for his people, this dude left us leeches in the name of his offsprings.Recommend

  • khan

    Indeed a very good and useful blog….I request the writer to blog on this subject more and more..Recommend

  • khan

    And one thing more unfortunately we have some people who love to watch every Indian movie but when it comes to idealizing Ghandi and Bacha Khan then they pretend to be very patriotic.Recommend

  • Faulitics

    If Bacha Khan would have lived during the present times and conducted his non-violent movement, he would have been accused of being a collaborator and assassinated. I don’t think he would have had a long life.Recommend

  • Faulitics

    Wasn’t Bacha Khans reservation against creation of a state based on religion bee vindicated? Maybe you are a Kool-Aid man.Recommend

  • sharabi

    Well Indian public also forget, Pandit Chandrashekhar Azad (The Guru of many Freedom Fighters), Bhagat singh, Ashfaq Ulla khan, Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil, Khudiram Bose, Subhash chandr Bose, Veer sawarkar,Nathuram Godse and list goes on…
    The real reason is “Gandhinization” of Indian Education system by GANDHI-NEHRU Dynasty.
    But for now there is a hope due to BJP Government.Recommend

  • wiserneighbour

    Frontier Gandhi deserves better respect and a rightful pedestal of homage.As an Indian, I respect him and bow my head in his memory.Recommend

  • Hasan

    So was Maududi and the likes.Recommend

  • Hemant

    Many in India remember and respect Badashah Khan a physical and a moral giant .
    Pakistan some how tends to be embrassed of the great men and women who are born in Pakistan .
    The memory of Abdus Sallam and Badashah Khan is neglected and I am sure Malala will
    get the same treatment .Recommend

  • :)

    Why would India honor our villains? That’s stupidity. Recommend

  • Guest

    Mumtaz who ?Recommend

  • Anon

    No Christians or Muslims are converted forcefully by RSS or VHP. Of course, they are converted by allurement by providing ration cards, money, ID cards, or whatever……..Forceful conversion is what is happening in Pakistan when a Hindu/Christian girl disappears and later appears in court along with a bunch of armed guards or what IS is doing.Recommend

  • Rashid Ahmedkutty

    Then you need to sue Tribune for publishing this blog……also declare Malala an Indian agent.Recommend

  • Kumar

    Nobody in India has forget him and his role. He should have been ideal for Paktuns but instead Pakistan did everything to disown him because he was supporter of Congress.Recommend

  • Kumar

    Jinnah disowned his daughter just because she married non-muslim even though Jinnah was himself married to a non-muslim woman, what a hypocrisy.Recommend

  • Kumar

    They can do that. Don’t under estimate their insanity.Recommend

  • pukhtoonistan

    He was fighting for pukhtoons, because at that time pukhtoons were illiterate and He was the teaching them that these Britishers are your enemies, and also He was teaching them their basic rights.
    Also, if you think your so called Jinnah was a great leader, than why the international media does not talk about him, that yes he fighted against those Britishers.
    Also, first study some history and then comment.Recommend

  • Venkat

    I had the good fortune to attend a speech given by the Frontier Gandhi in 1969 alongside Mrs
    Indira Gandhi in Aurangabad Maharashtra during Mahatma Gandhiji’s centenary celebration.I remember being overawed by how tall he was !Recommend

  • nas

    go ahead read some more pak text books of history.i am sure that’s where you got your “knowledge”.Recommend

  • zulhoop

    India honours its heroes , not villains.Recommend

  • Wasif

    Indeed Pakistan doesnt deserve ppl like Bacha Khan..pakistan deserves ppl like Nawaz sharif zardari etc so they can suck your blood to death..Pakistan can never produce a leader like Bacha khan in next million years.Recommend

  • Sami

    Do you know Ghaffar Khan tried to join British Army?. Also his family was in friendship with many British aristocratic families. Kindly study history as you are totally wrong in your approach.Recommend

  • Ravian

    I disagree that Bacha Khan is not revered in Pakistan. Numerous educational institutions and monuments are named after him. Unfortunately, his political heirs turned out to extremely incompetent and corrupt. Thus majority of Pakistanis relate Bacha Khan with ANP and don’t give him due respect.Recommend

  • vinsin

    provide evidence. how many muslims move to pakistan from india? how are you treating minorities? where they have gone? everyday how many non muslims are you converting by force.

    Why Extremist Hindus Organizations didn’t send all the Muslims to Pakistan? What is the percentage of Hindus in Pakistan?Recommend

  • vinsin

    He was able to predict Punjabi domination because he was able to think that even though Indian Muslims voted, fought and created Pakistan, will never move. Had the Indian muslims moved, that would have had diminished Punjabi colonization? On the top Pakistan tried to make Urdu as national language, which put the south Indian muslims in dilemma and before that can be resolved came Liaquat Nehru pact. Kashmir issue also played a major role.Recommend

  • vinsin

    That is wrong majority of Indian Muslims 86.6% of them voted for Pakistan. So Muslims were not again partition and will do the same in the future.Recommend

  • vinsin

    Which Hinduism would Modi Sarkar converted him into? Why Modi would be interested in Bacha Khan not in other Muslims? What is the problem if Muslims change his religion?Recommend

  • vinsin

    Muslims didn’t fight for Indian independence baring few. Most of them fought for Pakistan.Recommend

  • vinsin

    Gandhi was not successful in Hindu unity. Bacha Khan and Maula azad were failure to unite Muslims, so you are right. But their predictions has come true, that is why there is sudden interest in them, otherwise they were failure in their time. People voted for Jinnah in 1946 and for Pakistan.
    Gandhi was able to unite a elite class and poor hindus. Hindu Mahasabha had greater following.Recommend

  • vinsin

    Ghaffar Khan took the oath of allegiance to the new nation of Pakistan
    on 23 February 1948 at the first session of the Pakistan Constituent
    Assembly

    If he never accepted Pakistan then why did he take the oath?
    he was put into prison from 1948 till 1964, why? The he was sent to exile to Afghanistan, till 1972 and then again he was in jail and house arrest till he died. Example of him using Ethnic nationalism, and when?Recommend

  • vinsin

    He was born in Afghanistan and was sent on exile in Afghanistan. He was always in jail in Pakistan for taking oath of allegiance to the new nation of Pakistan on 23 February 1948 t the first session of the Pakistan Constituent
    Assembly.Recommend

  • Walter Yoder

    “Very little is otherwise known and written about Bacha Khan, especially in the West. Even more unfortunate is the fact that almost everyone in the world knows (and talks/writes) about Mahatma Gandhi, yet not too many people do so about Bacha Khan.” Even more unfortunate?!!!!!!!!!!Recommend

  • Gul Zaman Ghorgasht

    He did not disown anyone. You hindu trolls manufacture
    and will say anything to discredit Jinnah. You are shamelessRecommend

  • Dawood

    Actually Pakistan has a number of places named after him too, for example

    Bacha Khan International Airport,
    Bacha Khan Medical College
    etcRecommend

  • Mukhtiar shah

    He was a great leader and as a Pakistani I will always respect him,but will not support his party i-e ANP because I can’t support corruption being non-violently corroding our roots.Recommend

  • Puzzled

    why it happens most of the time that those Pakistanis whom world seems to have a liking for eg Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan,Abdus Salam and Malala are hated in Pakistan,while those who generally do not hold a very good image outside Pakistan, a long list which includes Hafiz saeed to Abdul Qadeer Khan to Mulla Fazlullah are normally revered in the land of pure ?Recommend

  • Hunaid

    Ra’na Liaqut Ali Khan has attested to this fact in her biography, written by Mehr Nigar Masroor.Recommend

  • Salman Shareef

    When you know nothing, Better to stay quite. For your kind info, The woman Jinnah was married to became muslim before marriage. This is what you are taught in your lame history. I can feel your actual pain and hate against Jinnah.Recommend

  • Salman Shareef

    Why to sue ? We respect the freedom of speechRecommend

  • http://peddarowdy.wordpress.com/ Anoop

    He didn’t attend her wedding and even asked her why she couldn’t pick one from the million of Muslim boys in India.

    She stayed in India, Jinnah never saw her again.

    So, yeah, Kumar is right. The secular Jinnah disowned his daughter for marrying a Parsi.

    Ironically, Nehru’s daughter too married a parsi and Nehru was present in his daughter’s wedding. You know her, her name is Indira Gandhi. She goes on to marry Feroz Gandhi. :)

    Goes to show what real tolerance and secular mindset is.

    Another point: Jinnah married a non-Muslim. Its ok for a man to marry outside his Religion, but not a woman? Typical..Recommend

  • http://peddarowdy.wordpress.com/ Anoop

    If he was so concerned about Ethnicity, why did he merge his party with Congress which has roots all over India, genius?Recommend

  • http://peddarowdy.wordpress.com/ Anoop

    Pakistan is an unnatural country. It never existed before 1947. Bacha Khan predicted its doom, read his writings. He even tells Congress leaders, “You have thrown us to the wolves”.
    He was born in Afghanistan, so its natural to die there. In his times we saw India as his second home and a ray of hope in Gandhi and Nehru. So he merged his party. When he saw a Religion-oriented country being built up, he forsaw the trouble.
    Had Bacha Khan ruled areas what is now Pakistan instead of Jinnah, Pakistan would be a much peaceful country.Recommend

  • http://peddarowdy.wordpress.com/ Anoop

    You are a lucky man.Recommend

  • http://peddarowdy.wordpress.com/ Anoop

    Bacha Khan actually tried to change his people. Bring them away from the culture of violence. He nearly succeeded!
    He was the most popular leader among the Pashtuns. Jinnah dismissed his elected Govt for no reason. Had he not done that there was a good chance there would be no Taliban today.
    Like Gandhi and Nehru to India, he would have ensured Pashtuns would have taken a different path.Recommend

  • http://peddarowdy.wordpress.com/ Anoop

    I don’t think Hindu Mahasabha had a greater following. They were in the fringes of Indian politics.
    The masses loved Gandhi.Recommend

  • http://peddarowdy.wordpress.com/ Anoop

    You have to excuse them.
    I’ve observed most Pakistanis don’t know their own history and even make it up to win an argument.Recommend

  • http://peddarowdy.wordpress.com/ Anoop

    A peaceful, non-violent man converting to Hinduism from Islam would make so much sense.Recommend

  • http://peddarowdy.wordpress.com/ Anoop

    Most of them yes, but quite a few did fight for Independence. Ali brothers, Bacha Khan, Azad.
    The correct statement would be none of the top tier of Muslim League fought for Independence.
    I have no idea why Muslim Leaguers are called Freedom Fighters in Pakistan. Freedom from whom? Hindus?Recommend

  • Prashant

    You seem to be saying that Bacha Khan was a traitor and hence he is not respected among the Pakistanis, you need to understand that Bacha Khan spoke of a united India when Pakistan was not yet carved out of India and hence he was as much an Indian as Jinnah was but with a different vision for his countrymen.Recommend

  • Prashant

    I feel sad looking at the comments by some of the Pakistanis, showing respect to Bacha Khan does not mean undoing partition, he dreamt of a united and secular India when Pakistan was not yet a reality.

    Why can’t Pakistanis be proud of its heroes like Malala, Bacha Khan and Abdus Salam, this would not make them anti Jinnah or anti Pakistan.

    Bacha Khan’s idea may not be the same as that of the Pakistanis but how many among Pakistanis can claim his idea of being uncivilised or unreal.

    Subhash left Gandhi because he did not believe in his non violent means, you may not believe in Subhash’s means but he is still a hero for a billion people.

    INC in India with all its imperfections continues to thrive in India but where are the khudai khidmatgars, history must not be forgotten so irretreviably.Recommend

  • Salim Alvi

    Jinah retired to England in 1930, not to Macca-Madina but kaffir land of Landonabad. He married like Imran a girl who was 23 years younger than him but the girl was mere 17 year old. Later he got separated from her.Recommend

  • Salim Alvi

    Jinah was a stooge of Angloes. he retired to England from 1930 to 36. He was promised British support so he came back in 1936. He made it possible British extend their stay in India and Indian blood get spilled for their European war which started in 1939. He campaigned in recruiting Muslims for British war. Congress opposed Indian involvement in European war on British side.Recommend

  • Prashant

    But Maududi had religion to hide behind, Bacha Khan was truly at the mercy of wolves.Recommend

  • J T

    Lol…joking na?Recommend

  • Salim Alvi

    Secularism was invented by the colonialist establishment in Europe when the loot and plunder from colonies started pouring in and they did not want to share it with the clergy who created the fanatic hateful racist colonial soldiers who could do genocide, loot and plunder of natives of colonized land quoting the verses/text from their religious book – Bible. Dharma of Indians or Asians was secualr in true sense since allows multiple paths to grow spiritually and reach God. In Indian context secularism is backdoor recolonization of India.Recommend

  • Prashant

    You description of Gandhi, Martin Luther King and Dalai Lama has actually insulted the personalities you were trying to glorify in your last paragraph.

    This is one of the reason some among the Muslims are poles apart from the rest of the world.Recommend

  • Enkay

    If 86.6% Indian Muslims voted for Pakistan then why did only only possibly 20% of Indian Muslims migrate to Pakistan?Recommend

  • Anand

    True. Actually most of them were hand in glove with the Britishers.Recommend

  • IbnZiyad

    What griviance did he have towards Pakistan?

    He should not have been against the creation of Pakistan. If he conspired against the state, it is understandable that Pakistan imprisoned him. The state does not look at your character, moral or supposedly non-violent approach…If you conspire against the state, the state will get you. Nevertheless, an interesting personality.Recommend

  • captain pasha

    They have a derogatory reference to a non believer as kuffer in their holy book.Recommend